“Beneath all the wealth of detail in a geological map lies an elegant, orderly simplicity”*…

(Roughly) Daily

This year is the 200th anniversary of the publication of William Smith’s extraordinary map, “A Delineation of the Strata of England and Wales with part of Scotland“– the first geological map to identify the layers of rock based on the fossils they contained rather than on their composition.

Smith revolutionized the study of geological time and the order of the succession of life, and established the founding principles for geological surveys worldwide; accordingly, he is considered the “Father of Stratigraphy.”  And as he helped British geology become a science, he is also known as the “Father of English Geology.”

More at “Two centuries of map-making – from William Smith’s survey to satellites,” and at the British Natural History Museum’s page on William Smith.

* Tuzo Wilson (one of the fathers of the theory of plate tectonics)

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As we think about the land in three (nay, four) dimensions,

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