Monthly Archives: November 2016

HSSC a handy guide

The Harmonised System of Survey and Certification (HSSC)

Simplifying ship certification

​Another quick diversion away from MARPOL certification, this time into the topic of HSSC, a topic that is related to many of the key ship certificates. 

What is HSSC?

It is a system that  standardises the period of validity and the intervals between surveys for the nine main convention certificates.

What certificates are included within the system?

What are the key principles of the Code?

The maximum period of validly for all certificates except a passenger ship safety certificate to five years. The passenger ship safety certificate shall be renewed annually.

Each full term of five years (or one year) will follow directly on from the previous one (unless a ship is laid up or undergoing major repairs); each certificate will be dated from the expiry date of the previous one.

The renewal survey may be carried out up to three months before the expiry of the existing certificate. The new certificate will still be dated from the expiry date of the old certificate.

A certificate may also be extended by a period of up to three months (or for ships engaged on short voyages there is a period of grace of one month) in order that the renewal survey may be carried out. However, the new certificate will still be dated from the expiry date of the old certificate before the extension was granted.

What are the types of survey under HSSC?

  • Initial Survey
  • Renewal Survey
  • Periodical Survey
  • Intermediate Survey
  • Annual Survey. 
  • Inspection of the Outside of the Ships Bottom.
  • Additional Survey

What are the survey requirements for the certificates?

The Passenger Ship  Certificate (PC) requires a Renewal survey.

The Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate (RADIO) requires a Periodical survey.

The International Load Line Certificate (LOADLINE) requires an Annual survey .

The Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate(SEC) requires an Annual survey. On either the second or third year this is replaced with a Periodical survey.

The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate (SAFCON), the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC/GC), the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC/BCH), the International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate (IOPPC) and the International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk all require Annual surveys .On either the second or third year this is replaced with an Intermediate survey.

What are the key features of each type of survey?

An Initial survey a complete inspection to ensure  full complience.  

A Renewal survey an inspection to ensure vessel, equipment and fittings are in satisfactory condition and is fit for the service for which it is intended, and fully complies with the requirements of the relevant regulations.

An Additional survey shall be made following a repair or renewal. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the necessary repairs or renewals have been effectively carried out, that the material and workmanship are in all respects satisfactory, and that the ship complies with the provisions of the relevant regulations.

An Annual survey shall include a general inspection to ensure that the vessel, fittings and equipment has  been maintained to conform with the provisions of the relevant regulations to ensure that the ship in all respects will remain fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on board and that it remains satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended. 

The inspection of the outside of the ship’s bottom

Passenger ships

The inspection is required every year. On the years in which the out of water inspection does not take place, an in water inspection of the ship’s bottom shall be carried out. As a minimum, two of these surveys in any five year period, at intervals not exceeding 36 months, shall be conducted with the ship out of the water.

 

Cargo ships

For cargo ships there shall be a minimum of two inspections during any five year period at intervals not exceeding 36 months. Inspections should normally be carried out with the ship out of the water, however consideration may be given to alternate inspections being carried out with the ship afloat.

What is the Cargo Ship Safety Certificate (CSSC)?

This may be issued as an alternative to the existing cargo ship safety certificates and records the following surveys:

Useful HSSC links and references

 IMO survey and certification

Resolution A.1104(29) Adopted on 2 December 2015 SURVEY GUIDELINES UNDER THE HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF SURVEY AND CERTIFICATION (HSSC), 2015

UK MCA MSN 1751 Harmonised system of survey and certification

This Mnotice contains a excellent table explaining the system.



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​International pollution prevention certificate for the carriage of noxious liquid substances in bulk- A handy guide

wpid-wp-1438103199200.jpegThe NLS certificate- Carrying chemicals

This blog now returns to exploring the environmental themed certificates with a document related to carrying chemicals in bulk. 

Why is it required?

It is required by MARPOL Annex II marpol

What does it certify?

  • That the ship has been surveyed in accordance with regulation 8 of Annex II of MARPOL
  • That the survey showed that the structure, equipment, systems, fitting, arrangements and material of the ship and the condition thereof are in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the applicable requirements of Annex II of MARPOL
  • That the ship has been provided with a Procedures and Arrangements Manual as required by regulation 14 of Annex II of MAROL and that the arrangements and equipment of the ship prescribed in the Manual are in all respects satisfactory.
  • That the ship complies with the requirements of Annex II to MARPOL 73/78 for the carriage in bulk of  liquid substances listed on the certificate.

What information is shown on the certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • IMO Number
  • Port of registry
  • Gross tonnage
  • A table with the headings :
    • Noxious Liquid substances
    • Conditions of carriage,  (Tank numbers etc)
    • Pollution category

The NLS Certificate shall be at least in English, French or Spanish.

What are the survey requirements to maintain the certificate?

An initial survey before the ship is put in service or before the Certificate required  is issued for the first time. and which shall include a complete survey of its structure, equipment, systems, fittings, arrangements  to ensure  they  fully comply with the requirements of Annex. II

A renewal survey
at intervals  not exceeding 5 years. The renewal survey shall be such as to ensure that the structure, equipment, systems, fittings, arrangements and material fully comply with applicable requirements of the Annex.

An intermediate survey within 3 months before or after the second anniversary date or within 3 months before or after the third anniversary date of the Certificate. The intermediate survey shall be such as to ensure that the equipment and associated pump and piping systems fully comply with the applicable requirements of this Annex and are in good working order.

An annual survey within 3 months before or after each anniversary date of the Certificate including a general inspection of the structure, equipment, systems, fittings, arrangements and material  to ensure that they have been maintained  and that they remain satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended.

 An additional survey whenever any important repairs or renewals are made. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the necessary repairs or renewals have been effectively made, that the material and workmanship of such repairs or renewals are in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies in all respects with the requirements of the Annex

What other documents are required?

  • Cargo Record Book for Ships Carrying Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk
  • Procedures and Arrangements Manual

What other International Regulations cover the carriage of chemicals in bulk?

Carriage of chemicals in bulk is covered by regulations in SOLAS Chapter VII – Carriage of dangerous goods

This requires compliance with the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Shipibccodes carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code)

Click here for the IMO page on the IBC code>

 

What are the pollution categories?

Category X: Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a major hazard to either marine resources or human health and, therefore, justify the prohibition of the discharge into the marine environment.marinepollutant

Category Y: Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Category Z: Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a minor hazard to either marine resources or human health and therefore justify less stringent restrictions on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Note:  Noxious liquid substance means any substance indicated in the Pollution Category column of chapter 17 or 18 of the International Bulk Chemical Code or provisionally assessed under the provisions of regulation 6.3 as falling into category X, Y or Z.

Useful links

Click here for UK guidance on pollution prevention>

Click here for UK guidance for Surveyors on Annex II>

Click here for the text of MARPOL Annex II as contained in MEPEC 118 (52)>



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BWC links

International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments- Some handy links

As a post in advance of some notes on the Ballast Water Convention, here is some suggested links to explore. 

​IMO Ballast water management

IMO Ballast water convention

UK guidance for control and management of ballast water

UK MGN 363 The control and management of ships ballast water

UK MGN 81 Ship ballast water minimize transfer of harmful organisms

Globallast website

Lloyds Register Ballast water management webpage

More ballast water revision notes will appear  here after some more MARPOL related posts.

ISM certification- A handy guide

wpid-wp-1438103199200.jpegDocument of Compliance (DOC) and Safety Management Certificate (SMS)

Time to go backwards in this series of posts to fill a gap. The exploration of environmental related certificates will be put on pause whilst the ISM certificates are covered, certificates that should have appeared within the managing ship section of the blog.

The ISM code’s full name is ‘The International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention‘. The ISM Code provides an international standard for the safe management and operation of ships and for pollution prevention.

Click here for the IMO ISM webpage>IMO

What  Certificates must be held?

Ships must hold two ISM certificates:

  • Document of compliance- Issued to the Company
  • Safety Management Certificate -Issued to the vessel

Click here for the IMO guidlines for implimentation of the code> Resolution A.1071(28)

Why are the certificates required?

The requirement for these certificates arise from  SOLAS Chapter IX, Management for the Safe Operation of Ships’.

Document of Compliance (DOC)

The  “Document of Compliance” (DOC) is issued to a Company which complies with the requirements of the ISM Code following  verification of compliance with the requirements of the ISM Code.

How long is the DOC valid?
The DOC is valid for a period of five years and subject to annual verification within three months before or after the anniversary date to confirm the effective functioning of the SMS.

What is a SMS?

A Safety Management System means a structured and documented system enabling Company personnel to implement effectively the Company safety and environmental protection policy.

What information is contained on the document?

  • Name and address of Company
  • Types of ship
    • Passenger ship
    • Passenger high-speed craft
    • Cargo high-speed craft
    • Bulk carrier
    • Oil tanker
    • Chemical tanker
    • Gas carrier
    • Mobile offshore drilling unit
    • Other cargo ship
  • Validity date

Safety Management Certificate (SMC)

Safety Management Certificate (SMC) means a document issued to a ship, which signifies that the Company and its shipboard management operate in accordance with the approved Safety Management System; it is a certificate issued to an individual ship.

SMC should be issued to a ship following an initial verification of compliance with the requirements of the ISM Code. The SMC is valid for a period of five years.

The validity of the SMC is subject to at least one intermediate verification, confirming the effective functioning of the SMS, and that any modifications carried out since the previous verification comply with the requirements of the ISM Code.

What information is contained on the certificate?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive numbers or letters
  • Port of registry
  • Type of ship
  • Gross tonnage
  • IMO Number
  • Name of ship
  • Name and address of Company:
  • Validity date

Click here for  ‘MSIS 2 The ISM Code‘,  UK MCAs guidance for surveyors>


wp-1448920746660.jpegClick here for the Amazon page for a really handy guide to the ISM code. A revision guide for mariners.

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Supplement to the International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate-A handy guide

Supplement to the IOPPThe equipment listed

tankerstrip

These Records will be permanently attached to the IOPP Certificate and form a useful guide to the scope of an IOPP survey. This post lists the main headings of the supplement and gives the relevant MARPOL annex 1 reference.

Two formats for this supplement exist:

  • FORM A-Record of Construction and equipment for ships other than oil tankers
  • FORM B- Record of Construction and equipment for oil tankers

Click here for a USCG example of the forms>

FORM A-Record of Construction and equipment for ships other than oil tankers

  •  Particulars of ship
  • Equipment for the control of oil discharge from machinery space bilges and oil fuel tanks(MARPOL regulations 16 and 14)
  •  Means for retention and disposal of oil residues (sludge) (MARPOL regulation 12) and oily bilge water holding tank(s)
  • Standard discharge connection( MARPOL regulation 13)
  •  Shipboard oil/marine pollution emergency plan (MARPOL regulation 37)
  •  Equivalents (MARPOL regulation 5)

FORM B- Record of Construction and equipment for oil tankers

  • Particulars of ship
  • Equipment for the control of oil discharge from machinery space bilges and oil fuel tanks (MARPOL regulations 16 and 14)
  •  Means for retention and disposal of oil residues (sludge) (MARPOL regulation 12) and oily bilge water holding tank(s)
  • Standard Discharge connection (MARPOL regulation 13)
  •  Construction (MARPOL regulations 18, 19, 20, 23, 26, 27 and 28)
  • Segregated Ballast
  • Double hull and double bottoms
  • Accidental outflow protection
  • Limitations of size and arrangements of cargo tanks
  • Intact stability
  • Subdivision and damage stability
  • Crude oil washing
  • Retention of oil on board (MARPOL regulations 29, 31 and 32)
  •  Pumping, piping and discharge arrangements (MARPOL regulation 30)
  •  Shipboard oil/marine pollution emergency plan (MARPOL regulation 37)
  •  Ship-to-ship oil transfer operations at sea (MARPOL regulation 41)
  • Exemptions
  • Equivalents (MARPOL regulation 5)

For some useful guidance see:  UK MCA guidance on survey and certification (MSIS 23)

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The International Oil Pollution Certificate- A handy guide

gormeytanker

This is the first of the environmental related certificates to be covered in this series of posts on ship certification.

IOPP- Keeping oil out of the water

Why is it required?

It is required by MARPOL Annex 1- Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by oil, Regulation 6.

Click here for the IMO MARPOL page>australiangov

Click here for a copy of the text from the Australian goverment website>

The UK regulations are stated in SI 1996 No. 2154, The Merchant Shipping (Prevention of Oil Pollution) Regulations 1996.

Which ships require an IOPP?

Oil tankers of 150 GT and above and other ships of 400 GT and above

“Oil tanker means a ship constructed or adapted primarily to carry oil in bulk in its cargo spaces and includes combination carriers, any ”NLS tanker” as defined in Annex II of the present convention, and any gas carrier as defined in regulation 3.20 of chapter II-1 of SOLAS 74 (as Amended), when carrying a cargo or part cargo of oil in bulk” MARPOL Regulation 1

What surveys are required?

  • Initial survey
  • Renewal survey every 5 years
  • Intermediate survey not earlier than six months before and not later than six months after the half-way date of the period of validity of the Certificate
  • Annual survey within 3 months before or after each anniversary date of the Certificate

What must the certificate be supplemented by?

A  Record of Construction and Equipment

What is contained on the certificate?

Particulars of ship

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of registry
  • Gross tonnage
  • Deadweight of the ship
  • IMO Number

Type of ship:

  • Oil tanker
  • Ship other than an oil tanker

gormleytankerstern

What does the certificate signify?

That the ship has been surveyed in accordance with regulation 6 of Annex I of the Convention.

That the survey shows that the structure, equipment, systems, fittings, arrangement and material of the ship and the condition thereof are in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the applicable requirements of Annex I of the Convention.

The next post will cover the two supplementry documents to the IOPP, documents that give an excellent indication on what areas of a ship will be inspected a during an IOPP survey.


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