The Harmonised System of Survey and Certification (HSSC)
Simplifying ship certification
Another quick diversion away from MARPOL certification, this time into the topic of HSSC, a topic that is related to many of the key ship certificates.
What is HSSC?
It is a system that standardises the period of validity and the intervals between surveys for the nine main convention certificates.
What certificates are included within the system?
- Passenger Certificate
- Cargo ship safety construction (SAFCON)
- Cargo Ship Safety Equipment (SEC)
- Cargo ship safety certificate (CSSC)
- Cargo ship Radio Certificate
- IGC/GC International certificate for carriage of Liquified Gases in Bulk
- IBC/GC International certificate for the Carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk
- Load Line Certificate
- Marpol Annex I IOPP
- MAPOL Annex II NLS
What are the key principles of the Code?
The maximum period of validly for all certificates except a passenger ship safety certificate to five years. The passenger ship safety certificate shall be renewed annually.
Each full term of five years (or one year) will follow directly on from the previous one (unless a ship is laid up or undergoing major repairs); each certificate will be dated from the expiry date of the previous one.
The renewal survey may be carried out up to three months before the expiry of the existing certificate. The new certificate will still be dated from the expiry date of the old certificate.
A certificate may also be extended by a period of up to three months (or for ships engaged on short voyages there is a period of grace of one month) in order that the renewal survey may be carried out. However, the new certificate will still be dated from the expiry date of the old certificate before the extension was granted.
What are the types of survey under HSSC?
- Initial Survey
- Renewal Survey
- Periodical Survey
- Intermediate Survey
- Annual Survey.
- Inspection of the Outside of the Ships Bottom.
- Additional Survey
What are the survey requirements for the certificates?
The Passenger Ship Certificate (PC) requires a Renewal survey.
The Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate (RADIO) requires a Periodical survey.
The International Load Line Certificate (LOADLINE) requires an Annual survey .
The Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate(SEC) requires an Annual survey. On either the second or third year this is replaced with a Periodical survey.
The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate (SAFCON), the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC/GC), the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC/BCH), the International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate (IOPPC) and the International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk all require Annual surveys .On either the second or third year this is replaced with an Intermediate survey.
What are the key features of each type of survey?
An Initial survey a complete inspection to ensure full complience.
A Renewal survey an inspection to ensure vessel, equipment and fittings are in satisfactory condition and is fit for the service for which it is intended, and fully complies with the requirements of the relevant regulations.
An Additional survey shall be made following a repair or renewal. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the necessary repairs or renewals have been effectively carried out, that the material and workmanship are in all respects satisfactory, and that the ship complies with the provisions of the relevant regulations.
An Annual survey shall include a general inspection to ensure that the vessel, fittings and equipment has been maintained to conform with the provisions of the relevant regulations to ensure that the ship in all respects will remain fit to proceed to sea without danger to the ship or persons on board and that it remains satisfactory for the service for which the ship is intended.
The inspection of the outside of the ship’s bottom
The inspection is required every year. On the years in which the out of water inspection does not take place, an in water inspection of the ship’s bottom shall be carried out. As a minimum, two of these surveys in any five year period, at intervals not exceeding 36 months, shall be conducted with the ship out of the water.
For cargo ships there shall be a minimum of two inspections during any five year period at intervals not exceeding 36 months. Inspections should normally be carried out with the ship out of the water, however consideration may be given to alternate inspections being carried out with the ship afloat.
What is the Cargo Ship Safety Certificate (CSSC)?
This may be issued as an alternative to the existing cargo ship safety certificates and records the following surveys:
- Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate
- The Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate
- The Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate
Useful HSSC links and references
This Mnotice contains a excellent table explaining the system.