A handy guide to the SOLAS requirements for the carriage of LRIT
Another post, and another piece of equipment required by SOLAS V.
What does LRIT stand for?
Long-Range Identification and Tracking
It a system that enables the global identification and tracking of ships using existing GMDSS equipment on board (INMARSAT-C)
What SOLAS Regulation Requires LRIT to be carried?
This regulation establishes provisions to enable Contracting Governments to undertake the long-range identification and tracking of ships.
What ships are required to carry LRIT?
The following ships engaged on international voyages:
- Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft;
- Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 300 gross tonnage and upwards; and
- Mobile offshore drilling units.
Ships, operated exclusively within sea area A1 shall not be required to carry LRIT
What information must be automatically transmitted?
Ships shall automatically transmit the following long-range identification and tracking information:
- The identity of the ship
- The position of the ship (latitude and longitude)
- The date and time of the position provided
A ship’s LRIT equipment must transmit position reports at 6-hour intervals unless a more frequent interval is requested remotely by an LRIT Data Centre
When can the equipment be switched off?
In exceptional circumstances and for the shortest duration possible where the operation is considered by the master to compromise the safety or security of the ship. In such a case, the master shall inform the Administration without undue delay and make an entry in the record of navigational activities and setting out the reasons for the decision and indicating the period during which the system or equipment was switched off.
Who can receive the information?
An Administration shall be entitled to receive such information about ships entitled to fly its flag irrespective of where such ships may be located.
A Contracting Government shall be entitled to receive such information about ships which have indicated their intention to enter a port facility, or a place under the jurisdiction of that Contracting Government, irrespective of where such ships may be located provided they are not located within the waters landward of the baselines of another Contracting Government.
A Contracting Government shall be entitled to receive such information about ships entitled to fly the flag of other Contracting Governments, not intending to enter a port facility or a place under the jurisdiction of that Contracting Government, navigating within a distance not exceeding 1,000 nautical miles of its coast provided such ships are not located within the waters landward of the baselines, established in accordance with international law, of another Contracting Government.
Can ship’s be charged for receipt of LRIT information?
Contracting Governments shall not impose any charges on ships in relation to the long-range identification and tracking information they may seek to receive.
What certification is required for LRIT?
A LRIT Conformance report.
The Really Handy Study Guides
These are all available in the Kindle Format, and cover the Collision Regulations, semananship and Certification.