Monthly Archives: October 2018

What is the Polar Water Operational Manual?

South Georgia icebergs

And here we have another Polar Code related post, this time is a guide to the extra document that will have to be carried by ships operating in Polar Waters.

A key part of the Polar Code is the requirement to carry a Polar Water Operations Manual. This post gives a quick summary of the contents of that manual.

To comply with the Polar Code this manual must be carried onboard.

Click here for IMO MEPC 264 58>

What is the goal of the Polar Water Operational Manual?

To provide the owner, operator, master and crew with sufficient information regarding the ship’s operational capabilities and limitations in order to support their decision-making process when in Polar waters.

What are the Functional requirements of the PWOM?

The Manual should include or refer to:

  • Information on the ship-specific capabilities and limitations in relation to the assessment by the Polar Code
  •  Specific procedures to be followed in normal operations and in order to avoid encountering conditions that exceed the ship’s capabilities
  • Specific procedures to be followed in the event
    of incidents in polar waters
  • Specific procedures to be followed in the event that conditions are encountered which exceed the ship’s specific capabilities and limitations
  • Procedures to be followed when using icebreaker assistance, as applicable.

Note: The Manual also shall contain, where applicable, the methodology used to determine capabilities and limitations in ice.

What risk-based procedures should be included in the PWOM?Sun and Polar Seas

  • Voyage planning to avoid ice and/or temperatures that exceed the ship’s
    design capabilities or limitations
  • Arrangements for receiving forecasts of the environmental conditions;
  • Means of addressing any limitations of the hydrographic, meteorological
    and navigational information available
  • Operation of equipment required under other chapters of this Code
    Implementation of special measures to maintain equipment and system
    functionality under low temperatures, topside icing and the presence of sea
    ice, as applicable.
  • Contacting emergency response providers for salvage, search and rescue (SAR), spill response, etc., as applicable
  • In the case of ships ice strengthened in accordance with chapter 3,  procedures for maintaining life support and ship integrity in the event of prolonged entrapment by ice
  • Measures to be taken in the event of encountering ice and/or temperatures which exceed the ship’s design capabilities or limitations
  • Procedures for monitoring and maintaining safety during operations in ice, as applicable, including any requirements for escort operations or icebreaker assistance. Different operational limitations may apply depending on whether the ship is operating independently or with icebreaker escort. Where appropriate, the PWOM should specify both options.

What are the contents of the Polar Water Operational Manual (PWOM)?

Appendix 2 of the code contains a model table of a polar operations manual, here is a list Ice and mountain through a ship's windowof  PWOM contents derived from that Appendix.

Safety Measures

Division 1 – Operational capabilities and limitations

Chapter 1 Operation in ice
  • Operator guidance for safe operation
  • Icebreaking capabilities
  • Manoeuvring in ice
  • Special features Guidance
Chapter 2 Operation in low air temperatures
  • System design
Chapter 3 Communication and navigation capabilities in high latitudes
Chapter 4 Voyage duration

Division 2 – Ship operations

Chapter 1 Strategic planning
  • Avoidance of hazardous ice
  • Avoidance of hazardous temperatures
  • Voyage duration and endurance
  • Human resources management
Chapter 2 Arrangements for receiving forecasts of environmental conditionsElephant Seal and anchor
  • Ice information
  • Meteorological information
Chapter 3 Verification of hydrographic, meteorological and navigational information

Chapter 4 Operation of Special Equipment

  • Navigation systems
  • Communications systems
Chapter 5 Procedures to maintain equipment and system functionality
  • Icing prevention and de-icing
  • Operation of seawater systems
  • Procedures for low temperature operations

Division 3 – Risk management

Chapter 1 Risk mitigation in limiting environmental condition
  • Measures to be considered in adverse ice conditions
  • Measures to be considered in adverse temperature conditions
Chapter 2 Emergency response
  • Damage control
  • Firefighting
  • Escape and evacuation
Chapter 3 Coordination with emergency response services
  • Ship emergency response
  •  Salvage
Chapter 4 Procedures for maintaining life support and ship integrity in the event of
prolonged entrapment by ice.
  • System configuration
  • System operation

Division 4 – Joint operations

Chapter 1 Escorted operations
Chapter 2 Convoy operations

PolarCodeClick to search for the Polar Code on Amazon>

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What is the Polar Code Record of Equipment?

Glacier FootRecord of Equipment for the compliance with the international code for ships operating in polar waters- A quick guide

And so the Polar Code posts continue, and so it’s another excuse to dig out some of my favourite photos.
Like many of the other certificates the Polar Code Certificate must be supplemented by a record of equipment form, and like other certificates this is a useful form to have at hand when preparing for the arrival of the surveyor on-board.

This record shall be permanently attached to the Polar Ships Certificate

What is contained on the Polar Code record of Equipment?

Particulars of ship:

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters

Record of equipmentKing Penguins at South Georgia

Life-saving appliances

  • Total number of immersion suits with insulation for crew and for passengers
  • Total number of thermal protective aids

Personal and Group Survival Equipment

  • Personal survival equipment – for number of persons
  • Group survival equipment – for number persons
  • Total capacity of liferafts in compliance with chapter 8 of the Polar Code
  • Total capacity of lifeboats in compliance with chapter 8 of the Polar Code

Navigation equipment

  • Two independent echo-sounding devices or a device with two separate independent transducers
  • Remotely rotatable, narrow-beam search lights controllable from the bridge or other means to visually detect ice
  • Manually initiated flashing red light visible from astern (for ships involved in icebreaking operations)
  • Two or more non-magnetic independent means to determine and display heading
  • GNSS compass or equivalent (for ships proceeding to latitudes over 80 degrees)

Communication equipment

  • Sound signaling system mounted to face astern to indicate escort and emergency Ice and mountainsmanoeuvres to following ships as described in the International Code of Signals (for ships intended to provide ice breaking escort).
  • Voice and/or data communications with relevant rescue coordination centres.
  • Equipment for voice communications with aircraft on 121.5 and 123.1 MHz.
  • Two-way voice and data communication with a Telemedical Assistance Service (TMAS).
  • All rescue boats and lifeboats have a device (for ships certified to operate in low air temperature):
    • For transmitting vessel to shore alerts
    • for transmitting signals for location
    • for transmitting and receiving on-scene communications
  • All other survival craft have a device:
    • for transmitting signals for location
    • for transmitting and receiving on-scene communications

A Really Handy Guide to Ship Certification-Part 4

EnvCoverKeeping the seas clean

The fourth book of the series covers the certificates covering environmental protection, including  IOPP, NLS, IAPPC, IEE, anti-fouling certification and Ballast water convention certification.

Click to view the book’s page on Amazon>

What is contained on the Polar Ship Certificate?

Glacier

Navsregs>Ship Certification>

Certifying that a vessel is safe for Polar Waters

This new series of posts on the Polar Code continues with a look at the contents of the Polar Ship Certificate. A look that also gives me an excuse to enjoy using some of my favourite photographs. 

Which ships have to carry a valid Polar Ship Certificate?

Every ship to which the Code applies

Click here for information on which ships these are>

When is a Polar Ship Certificate issued?

After an initial or renewal survey.

For category C cargo ships however, if the result of and assessment is that no additional equipment or structural modification is required to comply with the Code, the Certificate may be issued based upon documented verification that the ship complies with all relevant requirements. An on board survey will be undertaken at the next scheduled survey.

Polar Ship Certificate validity, survey dates and endorsements shall be harmonized
with the relevant SOLAS certificates as  required by HSSC.

What should accompany the certificate?

A Record of Equipment for the Polar Ship Certificate.

What does the Polar Ship Certificate Certify?

  • That the ship has been surveyed in accordance with the applicable safety-relatedSea beginning to freeze
    provisions of the International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters.
  • That the survey showed that the structure, equipment, fittings, radio station arrangements, and materials of the ship and the condition thereof are in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the relevant provisions of the Code

What is contained on the Polar Ship Certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • Port of registry
    • Gross tonnage
    • IMO number
  • Category A/B/C (see below)
  • Table of ice class against drafts fore and aft (maximum and minimum)
  • Ship type: tanker/passenger ship/other
  • Ship restricted to operate in ice free waters/open waters/other ice conditions
  • Ship intended to operate in low air temperature: Yes/No
  • Polar Service Temperature: ……..°C/not applicable
  • Maximum expected time of rescue

 

  • A statement that the ship was/was not subject to alternative design and arrangements.
  • A statement that a Document of approval of alternative design and arrangements for structure, machinery and electrical installations/fire protection/life-saving appliances and arrangements is/is not appended to this Certificate.
  • Operational limitations
    • Ice conditions
    • Temperature
    • High latitudesSmall iceberg

What is a polar code  Category A/B/C ship?

  • Category A ship means a ship designed for operation in polar waters in at least medium first-year ice, which may include old ice inclusions
  • Category B ship means a ship not included in category A, designed for operation in
    polar waters in at least thin first-year ice, which may include old ice inclusions
  • Category C ship means a ship designed to operate in open water or in ice conditions
    less severe than those included in categories A and B

 

HandyBooks Ship Certification Revision Aids

The Really Handy Range of Kindle publications contain a series of books on ship certification.

Click here for more information>

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