Category Archives: Certification

Oil Liability Certificates- A handy guide

BeachPan

This journey through vessel certification is nearing its final posts; a series of assorted guides to certificates missed on the first pass through the certificates. This revision guide covers two documents related to the IOPP certificate.

If things go wrong

MARPOL Annex I has the objectives of preventing oil reaching the sea, but these two certificates are associated with conventions whose objectives are to fund the cleaning up of pollution in the unfortunate event of a spill.

What are the two Oil Pollution Liability Conventions?

Two similar conventions exist, each with their own certificate.

  • The International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution DamageDSCF3260
  • The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

The first convention applies to all types of ships, and the latter to seagoing vessels carrying oil in bulk as a cargo.


Certificate of insurance or other financial security in respect of civil liability for bunker oil pollution damage


This certificate is Issued in accordance with the provisions of article 7 of the International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001. It certifies that there is in a policy of insurance or other financial security satisfying the requirements of article 7 of the International Convention.

What ships require the Certificate?

It is required by ships greater than 1000 GT.

What details are shown on the certificate?

  • Name of Ship
  • Distinctive Number or letters
  • IMO Ship Identification Number
  • Port of Registry
  • Name and full address of the principal place of business of the registered owner.
  • Type of Security
  • Duration of Security
  •  Name and address of the insurers and/or guarantors
  • Validity of certificate

What is the definition of pollution Damage?

A definition from the Convention
“‘ Pollution damage’ means: (a) (b) 10 loss or damage caused outside the ship by contamination resulting from the escape or discharge of bunker oil from the ship, wherever such escape or discharge may occur, provided that compensation for impairment of the environment other than loss of profit from such impairment shall be limited to costs of reasonable measures of reinstatement actually undertaken or to be undertaken; and the costs of preventive measures and further loss or damage caused by preventive measures.”


Certificate of insurance or other financial security in respect of civil liability for oil pollution damage


This is issued in compliance with the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil DSCF3305Pollution Damage (CLC) 1992. The Civil Liability Convention was adopted to ensure that adequate compensation is available to persons who suffer oil pollution damage resulting from maritime casualties involving oil-carrying ships. The Convention places the liability for such damage on the owner of the ship from which the polluting oil escaped or was discharged.

What vessels require the Certificate?

The Convention applies to all seagoing vessels actually carrying oil in bulk as cargo, but only ships carrying more than 2,000 tons of oil are required to maintain insurance in respect of oil pollution damage.

The certificate states that there is in force a policy of insurance or other financial security satisfying the requirements of Article VII of the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992.

What information contained on certificate

This is the same range of information as shown on the bunker liability certificate, except it refers to the damage caused by cargo spillage.


A new Revision Guide

A Really Handy Guide to Ship Certification

Part 2- Managing the vesselCertmanCover

The second in Kindle format revision guides on ship Certification has just been published. ‘Managing the Vessel‘ covers ISM, safe manning and the Maritime Labour Certificate.

This Really Handy Guide mixes facts with questions, and a bit more, at a really handy price.

 

Advertisements
Tagged , ,

The High Speed Craft Safety Certificate

HSCstrp

This journey through ship certification is now exploring some of the more specialized certificates, that is that required by High speed Craft.

Two High Speed craft Codes

  • The International Code of safety for High speed Craft 1994
  • The International Code of safety for High speed Craft 2000

The 2000 Code applies to high speed craft of which the keels were laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July 2002.


The High Speed Craft Safety Certificate


Why is the HSC safety certificate required?

It is required by the International Code of safety for High-speed craft 2000 ( the HSC CertHSCUKcode)

What does it certify?        

That the craft has been surveyed in accordance with the HSC code and in all respects the craft complies with the relevant provisions of the Code.

That the life‐saving appliances are provided for a stated number of persons

What is a high speed craft?

High-speed craft is a craft capable of a maximum speed, in metres per second (m/s), equal to or exceeding a value obtained from the formula

Cert HSC formula

Where Delta is the volume of displacement corresponding to the design waterline (m3),excluding craft the hull of which is supported completely clear above the water surface in non-displacement mode by aerodynamic forces generated by ground effect.

What vessels must comply with the High Speed craft code?

High speed craft that:

  • Are engaged in international voyages
  • Had keels of laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July 2002.

And is either:

  • A passenger craft which does not proceed in the course of their voyage more than four hours at 90% of maximum speed from a place of refuge.or
  • A cargo craft of 500 gross tonnage and upwards which do not proceed in the course of their voyage more than 8 hours at 90% of maximum speed from a place of refuge when fully laden.

The code does not apply to:

  • Craft of war and troopcraft
  • Craft not propelled by mechanical means
  • Wooden craft of primitive build
  • Pleasure craft not engaged in trade
  • Fishing craft

What information is shown on the Certificate?

Particulars of craft

  • Name of craft
  • Manufacturer’ s model and hull number
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Port of registry
  • Gross tonnage
  • Sea areas in which the craft is certified to operate
  • Design waterline details, and corresponding draughts
  • Position of reference line
  • Category:
    • category A passenger craft
    • category B passenger craft
    • Cargo craft
  • Craft type:
    • air‐cushion vehicle
    • surface‐effect ship
    • hydrofoil
    • monohull
    • multihull
    • other
  • Date on which keel was laid or craft was at a similar stage of construction or on which a major conversion was conducted

The Certificate shall be supplemented by a Record of Equipment.

What Surveys are required to maintain the certificate?

The Harmonised System of Survey and Certification does not apply, the surveys required by the certificate are:

  • An Initial Survey before the craft is put in service or before the Certificate is issued for the first time
  • A Periodical Survey (which includes an inspection of the ship’s bottom), annually within 3 months, before or after, the anniversary date of the certificate
  • A Renewal Survey (which includes an inspection of the ship’s bottom) at intervals specified by the flag state, but must not exceeding 5 years
  • An Additional Survey as required

Permit to operate High speed craft


Another document required to be held by High Speed Craft is the Permit to operate. Th permit is more specific than the High Speed Craft safety Certificate; covering a specific craft trading on specific routes.

When must a Permit to operate High Speed Craft be held?

The permit must be held for shall not operate commercially unless a Permit to Operate CertHSCPermitHigh‐Speed Craft is issued and valid in addition to the High‐Speed Craft Safety Certificate. Transit voyage without passengers or cargo may be undertaken without the Permit to Operate High‐Speed Craft.

When is a Permit to operate High Speed Craft required?

The permit is required by high speed craft operating on a commercially with passengers or cargo onboard.

The Permit to Operate High‐Speed Craft shall be issued by the flag state to certify compliance with the code and state the conditions of the operation of the craft.

When may a voyage be conducted without a Permit to Operate?

On transit voyages provided the craft is not operating commercially with passengers or cargo onboard. These transit voyages include delivery voyages and repositioning voyages.  These voyages may be undertaken provided that:

  • The craft has a valid High‐Speed Craft Safety Certificate or similar before the start of such a voyage
  • The operator has developed a safety plan for the voyage including any temporary accommodation to ensure that the craft is capable of safely completing the transit voyage
  • The master of the craft is provided with the materials and information necessary to operate the craft safely during the transit voyage
  • The Administration is satisfied that arrangements have been made for the safe conduct of the voyage

What consultation will the flag state conduct before issuing the Permit to operate?

The Administration shall consult with each port State to obtain details of any operational conditions associated with operation of the craft in that State. Any such conditions  shall be shown on the Permit to Operate and be included in the route operational manual.

What must a flag state be assured of before issuing a Permit to operate?

  • The suitability of the craft for the service intended
  • The suitability of the operating conditions in the route operational manual
  • The arrangements for obtaining weather information
  • Provision in the area of operation of a base port
  • The designation of the person responsible for decisions to cancel or delay a
    particular voyage
  • Sufficient crew complement
  • Crew qualifications and training
  • Restrictions with regard to working hours, rostering of crews and any other
    arrangements to prevent fatigue
  • he training of crew in craft operation and emergency procedures
  • The maintenance of crew competence in regard to operation and emergency
    procedures
  • Safety arrangements at terminals
  • Traffic control arrangements
  • Restrictions and/or provisions relating to position fixing and to operation by night or in restricted visibility
  • Additional equipment which may be required, due to the specific characteristics of
    the service intended
  • Communication arrangements
  • The keeping of records
  • Arrangements to ensure that equipment is maintained
  • The existence and use of adequate instructions regarding:
    Loading of the craft
    Provision of adequate fuel reserves
    Action in the event of reasonable foreseeable emergencies
    Provision of contingency plans

What information is contained on the permit to operate?

  • Name of craft
  • Manufacturer’ s model and hull number
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Port of registry
  • Category
    • Category A passenger craft
    • category B passenger craft
    • Cargo craft
  • Name of operator
  • Areas or routes of operation
  • Base port
  •  Maximum distance from place  of  refuge
  • Number of:
    • Passengers maximum permitted
    • Manning scale required
  • Worst intended conditions
  • Other operational restrictions

What is a Category A and Category B craft?

Category A craft is any high‐speed passenger craft:

Operating on a route where it has been demonstrated to the satisfaction of the flag and port States that there is a high probability that in the event of an evacuation at any point of the route, all passengers and crew can be rescued safely within the

least of:

  • the time to prevent persons in survival craft from exposure causing hypothermia in the worst intended conditions,
  • the time appropriate with respect to environmental conditions and geographical features of the route, or
  • 4 hours

And:

  • Carrying not more than 450 passengers.

Category B craft is any high‐speed passenger craft other than a category A craft, with machinery and safety systems arranged such that, in the event of any essential machinery and safety systems in any one compartment being disabled, the craft retains the capability to navigate safely.

Further information on HSC Certification


 

CertId1Cover

Tagged ,

Vessel Classification- A quick revision guide

wp-1456347039822.jpg

Some Handy Revision Notes on Classification Societies and Ship Classification

It feels like time for another pause in this blog in the stream of vessel Certification posts,  so I will dip my toe into a topic that pervades into most areas of a vessel’s documentation, ‘Class’. 

What is a classification Society?

A classification Society is a an organisation that published rules for the design, CertLRconstruction of ships. Compliance with these rules is required for obtaining insurance, P&I cover, assisting in vessel sales and obtaining finance.

That is a Commercial service and not a statutory one.

Requirements of a Classification Society

  • To Publish its own classification Rules in relation to the design
    construction and survey of ships
  • To apply, maintain and update those Rules and Regulations
  • To Verify compliance with these Rules during construction and periodically during CertBVa classed ship’s life
  • To publishes a register of classed ships
  • Is not controlled by, and does not have interests in, ship-owners, shipbuilders or others engaged commercially in the manufacture, equipping, repair or operation of ships
  • Is authorised by a Flag Administration as defined in SOLAS Chapter XI-1, Regulation 1

Who are the Classification Societies?

More than 90% of the world’s cargo carrying tonnage is covered by the classification of the twelve Member Societies of IACS,  The International Association of Classification CERTIACSSocieties.

Click here for the IACS website>

Members of the IACS

There are many other organisations offering classification services that are not part of IACS but not all of these meet all the requirements listed earlier in this post.

Listing of all classification Societies on the UK P &I club website>

What is the purpose of  ship classification?

  • To verify the structural strength and integrity of essential parts of the ship’s hull and its appendages
  • To verify the reliability and function of the propulsion and steering systems, power generation and auxiliary systems

A certificate of class states that a vessel is in compliance with the Rules of the CertABSclassification society and does not act as a warranty of safety, fitness for purpose or seaworthiness of the ship.

What are the Statutory activities of Classification Societies?

Classification Societies have moved beyond commercial assurance activity to becoming CertPolandan integral part of many flag state’s compliance with international shipping legislation. Many surveys required by SOLAS or other international conventions are now conducted by classification societies. The authority for this contained within the first chapter of SOLAS.

(a) The inspection and survey of ships, so far as regards the enforcement of the provisions of the present regulations and the granting of exemptions therefrom, shall be carried out by officers of the Administration. The Administration may, however, entrust the inspections and surveys either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations recognized by it. SOLAS Chapter 1 Regulation 6

The UK’s procedures for this delegation is referred to as Alternative Compliance Scheme (ACS). See MGN 568> 

IMO Resolution A.739(18) lays down mandatory minimum requirements for Recognized organisations (ROs). Click here to view the Resolution on the sjofartsverket website.

Guidelines for the authorization of organisations acting on behalf of the administration,

A quick history of Ship Classification

Lloyds coffee house was opened by Edward Lloyd in 1686. The shop became popular with seafarers, shipowners and merchants, and Edward Lloyd provided them with shipping news.

In 1691 the coffee shop was moved to Lombard street and the where it was continued to be used as a venue to discuss marine insurance,

The insurers developed a system for the independent technical assessment of the ships presented to them for insurance cover. This system enabled non seafaring underwriters and judge the risk that the vessels posed.

In 1760, the Lloyds Register Society was formed by the customers of the coffee house, which was followed in 1764 by production of the the Lloyds ‘Register of Shipping’.

From 1829 onwards other Societies were founded around the world replicating the work of Lloyds

In 1968 IACS was formed to establish minimum technical standards and ensures their consistent application

After that brief introduction to vessel classification this blog will soon return with another certificate.  This journey through certification is soon to reach its destination.


CertId1Cover

Part 1 of a new series of Really Handy Study guides has just been launched

A revision guide covering vessel certification; more of the series are on the way.

Tagged , ,

What is a Declaration of Security under the ISPS Code?

DSC00382Cropped

A Quick handy guide to the ISPS Declaration of Security

Following on from the last two posts on security related Certification is a quick look at an associated piece of documentation that may be held by a vessel.  

The Declaration of Security is a document that  may be required for a  port visit when specific security requirements exist. The Declaration address the security requirements that could be shared between a port facility and a ship, or between ships, and states the responsibility for each.

What determines if a Declaration of Security is required?

A Government shall determine when a Declaration of Security is required by assessing the risk the ship/port interface or ship to ship activity poses

A ship can request completion of a Declaration of Security when:

  • The ship is operating at a higher security level than the port facility or another ship
    it is interfacing with
  • There is an agreement on a Declaration of Security between Contracting Governments covering certain international voyages or specific ships on those
    voyages
  • There has been a security threat or a security incident involving the ship or
    involving the port facility
  • The ship is at a port which is not required to have and implement an approved port
    facility security plan
  • The ship is conducting ship to ship activities with another ship not required to have and implement an approved ship security plan

Who completes the declaration of Security?

  • The master or the ship security officer on behalf of the ship(s); and, if appropriate,
  • The port facility security officer or, if the Contracting Government determines
    otherwise, by any other body responsible for shore-side security, on behalf of the
    port facility

What is contained on the Declaration of Security between a ship and a port facility?

Ship and port facilities

  • Name of Ship
  • Port of Registry
  • Certs Dec of secuityIMO Number
  • Name of Port Facility

Summary  of actives

  • Validity dates
  • List of activities covered
  • Security level(s) for the ship
  • Security level(s) for the port facility

Security measures  agreed between Ship and Port

  • Monitoring restricted areas to ensure that only authorized personnel have access
  • Controlling access to the port facility
  • Controlling access to the ship
  • Monitoring of the port facility including
  • berthing areas and areas surrounding the ship
  • Monitoring of the ship, including berthing areas and areas surrounding the ship
  • Handling of cargo
  • Delivery of ship’s stores
  • Handling unaccompanied baggage
  • Controlling the embarkation of persons and their effects
  • Ensuring that security communication is readily available between the ship and port facility

Two IMO publications on the ISPS code available from Amazon

 

Tagged , , ,

The International Ship Security Certificate- A handy guide

DSC00373

This series of posts has to take a round turn now, to go back and explore an important certificate by-passed earlier on.  

The ISSC- Improving security

Why is it required?

  • The International code for the Security of Ships and of port facilities (ISPS code).
  • SOLAS chapter XI-2

Click here for the IMO ISPS web page>

What is contained on the Certificate?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of registry
  • Type of ship
  • Gross tonnage
  • Date of initial / renewal verification on which this certificate is basedISPS Cert format

What does it Certify?

  • That the security system and any associated security equipment of the ship has been verified in accordance with section 19.1 of part A of the ISPS Code
  • That the verification showed that the security system and any associated security
    equipment of the ship is in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the applicable requirements of chapter XI-2 of SOLAS and part A of the ISPS Code
  • That the ship is provided with an approved Ship Security Plan

What are the survey requirements?

The certificate is subject to Verifications rather than surveys. These verifications are to ensure that the security system and any associated security equipment of the ship fully complies with the applicable requirements of the Code, is in satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the ship is intended.

Verification types

Initial verification before the ship is put in service or before the certificate
is issued for the first time.

Renewal verification at intervals specified by the Administration, but not
exceeding five years.

At least one intermediate verification. If only one intermediate verification is
carried out it shall take place between the second and third anniversary date of the
certificate

A Definition

“Ship security plan means a plan developed to ensure the application of measures
on board the ship designed to protect persons on board, cargo, cargo transport
units, ship’s stores or the ship from the risks of a security incident.” ISPS code

Which vessels require an International Ship Security Certificate?

The following types of ships engaged on international voyages:

  • Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft
  • Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 500 gross tonnage and upwards
  • Mobile offshore drilling units;

Note the code also applies to port facilities serving such ships engaged on international voyages. Flag states and regional areas may extend this list to include additional types of vessels.

When does the Certificate become invalid?

  • If the relevant verifications are not completed within the specified periods
  • When a Company assumes the responsibility for the operation of a ship not previously operated by that Company
  • When the vessel is transferred to the flag of another State

Other associated Certificates

Interim International Ship Security Certificate

This is a temporary certificate issued for a period of no more than 6 months that allows a vessel to sail without its full International Ship Security Certificate.

When is it issued?

  • When a ship is without a certificate, on delivery or before its entry or re-entry into service
  • When a ship is transferring flags between Governments
  • When a a ship changes ownership

What must be verified before an Interim Certificate can be issued?

  • That the ship security assessment has been completed
  • That a  copy of the ship security plan meeting the requirements of the Code is provided on board, has been submitted for review and approval, and is being implemented on the ship
  • That he ship is provided with a ship security alert system if required,
  • That the company security officer has ensured:
    • The review of the ship security plan for compliance with the
      the Code
    • That the plan has been submitted for approval
    • That the plan is being implemented on the ship
    • That they have established the necessary arrangements, including
      drills, exercises and internal audits, through which the company security
      officer is satisfied that the ship will successfully complete the required
      verification within 6 months
    • Arrangements have been made for carrying out the required verifications
    • The master, the ship’s security officer and other personnel with security duties are familiar with their duties and responsibilities and within the ship security plan placed on board
    • These personnel  have been provided such information in the working language of the ship’s personnel or languages understood by them
  • The ship security officer meets the requirements of this Part of the Code

Declaration of Security

This is declaration completed by the vessel and a port for a specific period stating the security requirements and allocation of responsibilities. Such declarations are required only in certain circumstances, its detail will be covered in a later post.

Sources of Information

This Handy Revision guide has just been published for Kindle. The first in a new series of revision aids covering the topic of ship certification.

 

Click here to see on Amazon>

Tagged , , ,

The Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate

wpid-wp-1438103199200.jpegA handy guide to the Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate-Carrying pilgrims safely

What is a special trade passenger ship?

It is a ship carrying large numbers of unberthed passengers in special trades such as the pilgrim trade in a restricted sea area around the Indian Ocean.

(6) “ Special trade ” means the conveyance of large numbers of special trade passengers by sea on international voyages within the area specified below (as illustrated in the chart in Appendix I to these Rules):….Special Trade Passenger ship Rules

CertsSpecialTradeMap

Why is a Special Trade Certificate required?

It is required under SOLAS Chapter III regulation 2 Exemptions

2 In the case of passenger ships which are employed in special trades for the carriage of large numbers of special trade passengers, such as the pilgrim trade, the Administration, if satisfied that it is impracticable to enforce compliance with the requirements of this chapter, may exempt such ships from those requirements, provided that such ships comply fully with the provisions of:

.1 the rules annexed to the Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971; and

.2 the rules annexed to the Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973.

What is a Special Trade Passenger?

“‘Special trade passenger‘ means a passenger carried in special trades in spaces on the weather deck, upper deck and/or between decks which accommodate more than eight passengers. Special Trade Passenger Ships Rules, 1971

Does the Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate replace the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate?

No, a Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall, be issued in addition to the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

Is shall be issued after inspection and survey to a special trade passenger ship which complies with the applicable requirements of these Rules.

How long does the Certificate last?

This Certificate shall be issued for a period of not more than twelve months.

What information is shown on the certificate?CertSpecialTradeCert

  • Ship particulars
    • Name
    • Distinctive numbers or letters
    • Port of Registry
    • Gross tonnage
  • Particulars of voyages
  • Date on which keel was laid
  • Subdivision loadlines
    • D1-D3 Freeboards
    • These apply when defined alternative spaces are use to carry passengers
  • Life saving  appliances carried for specified number of passengers
    • Lifeboats
    • Liferafts
    • Buoyant apparatus
    • Lifebuoys
    • Lifejackets
  • A Table of space available for accommodation of special trade passengers
  • Location of spaces
  • Number of passengers for less than 24 hours, 24 hours and over but less than 72 hours, 72 hours over (Existing ships 24 to 48 hours in seasons of fair weather)

Click here for the Special Passenger Trade Space Protocol> 

Important: This blog is written as an aid to revision, and represents my own wanders through maritime legislation.  For definitive information please refer to source documentation.   Throughout this blog I will provide links to those sources when available.


Tagged ,

The International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of INF Cargo- A Handy Guide

 

imdg-7Carrying  irradiated fuel, Plutonium and high level waste on board ships

Back to the certificates again, this time one that applies to a small number of specialised vessels.

Why is the certificate required?

It is required by The international code for the safe carriage of packaged irradiated fuel, Plutonium and high level waste on board ships (INF code.)

What other document is required by the INF code?

Every ship carrying INF cargo shall carry on board a shipboard emergency plan.

What information is contained on the Certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • Port of registry
    • Gross tonnage
    • IMO Number
  • INF class of ship
  • Completion date of the survey on which this certificate is based

The certificate must be drawn up in the official language of the issuing country. If the language used is neither English, French  or Spanish, the text should include a translation into one of these languages

What Surveys are required?

The Harmonised System of Survey and Certification (HSSC) does not apply,  however, the UK MCA recommend that the surveys and certification are harmonised with other Convention certificates where practicable.

The Surveys

  • An Initial Survey
  • An Annual Survey, within three months before or after each anniversary date of the Certificate, other than where an intermediate survey is required
  • An Intermediate Survey, within three months before or after the second or third anniversary date of the Certificate;
  • A  Renewal Survey

The INF code


This code is required by SOLAS Chapter VII Carriage of dangerous goods Part D-Special requirements for the carriage of packaged irradiated fuel, plutonium and high-level  radioactive wastes on board ships.

The code applies to All ships,  regardless of date and size carrying  INF. It does not apply to warships and naval auxiliary warships used for non commercial purposes.

Click here for the IMO INF website>

What is INF cargo?

 “INF cargo” means packaged irradiated nuclear fuel, plutonium and high‐level radioactive wastes carried as cargo in accordance with class 7 of the IMDG Code.”

Irradiated nuclear fuel” means material containing uranium, thorium and/or plutonium isotopes which has been used to maintain a self‐sustaining nuclear chain reaction.” INF code

Contents of the INF code

The chapter headings of the code give a good overview of the requirements of INF carriage.

  • Chapter 1 General
  • Chapter 2 Damage stability
  • Chapter 3 Fire safety measures
  • Chapter 4 ‐ Temperature control of cargo spaces
  • Chapter 5 ‐ Structural consideration
  • Chapter 6 ‐ Cargo securing arrangements
  • Chapter 7 ‐ Electrical power supplies
  • Chapter 8 ‐ Radiological protection
  • Chapter 9 ‐ Management and training
  • Chapter 10 ‐ Shipboard emergency plan
  • Chapter 11 ‐ Notification in the event of an incident involving INF cargo

A Fact Sheet

WNTIFactsheetThe  World Nuclear Transport institution have a useful fact sheet on the INF code, Click here to download>

Click here for the WNTI website>


Tagged , ,

Document of Authorization to Carry Grain- A Handy Guide

This blog has already covered two cargo related certificates within earlier sections:

Now it will carry on to explore some certificates specific to certain cargoes, starting with grain.

FoweyCoaster

Carrying grain safely

The requirement for grain specific documentation arises from the safety risk arising from grain’s characteristics.  Grain settles about 2% of volume, a settling which causes small voids to open up near the surface that allow the grain to shift. This free flowing of the can greatly  reduce the stability of the vessel, making grain one of the most dangerous cargoes.

Why must a ship carry a Document of Authourisation to Carry Grain?

It is required by SOLAS  Chapter VI Safety of Cargoes.

Regulation 9 – Requirements for Cargo Ships Carrying Grain

“1 In addition to any other applicable requirements of the present regulations, a cargo ship carrying grain shall comply with the requirements of the International Grain Code, and hold a document of authorization as required by that Code. For the purpose of this regulation, the requirements of the Code shall be treated as mandatory.

2 A ship without such a document shall not load grain until the master satisfies the Administration, or the Contracting Government of the port of loading on behalf of the Administration, that the ship will comply with the requirements of the International Grain Code in its proposed loaded condition.”

What code must a grain carrying ship conform to?

The international code for the safe carriage of grain in bulk, this is normally referred to GrainCodeas ‘The Grain Code’ .

What is grain?

Grain Code 2 Definitions

2.1. The term grain covers wheat, maize (corn), oats, rye, barley, rice, pulses, seeds and processed forms thereof, whose behaviour is similar to that of grain in its natural state

1.1. This Code applies to ships regardless of size, including those of less than 500 tons gross tonnage, engaged in the carriage of grain in bulk, to which part C of chapter VI of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, as amended, applies.

What does the Document of authorization signify

It is evidence that the ship is capable of complying with the requirements of the grain code.

A ship without such a document of authorization shall not load grain until the master demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Administration, or of the Contracting Government of the port of loading acting on behalf of the Administration, that, in its loaded condition for the intended voyage, the ship complies with the requirements of the code.

Where must the document be held?

The document shall accompany or be incorporated into the grain loading manual.

Click here for the IMO Grain Code page>

What is shown on the Document?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of Registry
  • IMO number
  • A statement that the ship is capable of complying with the requirements of the International Grain Code in accordance with the approved grain loading stability information booklet.

When can a ship load without a document of authorization?

When:

  • The total weight of the bulk grain shall not exceed one third of the deadweight of the ship
  • All filled compartments, trimmed, shall be fitted with centreline divisions extending, for the full length of such compartments, downwards from the underside of the deck or hatch covers to a distance below the deck line of at least one eighth of the maximum breadth of the compartment or 2.4 m, whichever is the greater, except that saucers  may be accepted in lieu of a centreline division in and beneath a hatchway except in the case of linseed and other seeds having similar properties;
  • All hatches to filled compartments, trimmed, shall be closed and covers secured in place
  • All free grain surfaces in partly filled cargo space shall be trimmed level and secured
  • Throughout the voyage the metacentric height after correction for the free surface effects of liquids in tanks shall be 0.3 m or that given by a formula given in the grain code
     
Tagged , , , ,

The International Certificate for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk- A quick guide

igc-code-wide

This post  continues the Gas Carrier theme of the last posting. The certificate is a bit of a complex document, therefore so is this post. 

Information about this certificate is available in the IMO circular MSC 370 (93)

The Internationaligc-code Certificate for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk  is carried by ships complying with the IGC code. For older ships complying with the GC code, then the Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk is required instead. See my last post for a summary of those codes.

For the IMO web page on the IGC code click here>

Why is the Certificate required?

To comply with the International Code for the Construction and equipment of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk. (IGC code)

Which ships require the certificate?

Ships built after July 2016, regardless of their size, engaged in the carriage of liquefied gases having a vapour pressure exceeding 0.28 MPa absolute at a temperature of 37.8°C and other products, as shown in chapter 19 of the IGC code, when carried in bulk.

Note: The Code applies to ships whose keels are laid, or which are at a similar stage of construction where:

  • Construction identifiable with the ship begins

and

  • Assembly of that ship has commenced, comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the estimated mass of all structural material, whichever is less, on or after 1 July 2016.

What Surveys are required?

  • An initial survey before the ship is put in service or before the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk is issued for the first time
  • A renewal survey at intervals specified by the Administration, but not exceeding five years
  • An intermediate survey within three months before or after the second anniversary date, or within three months before or after the third anniversary date of the certificate, which shall take the place of one of the annual surveys
  • An annual survey within three months before or after each anniversary date of the certificate

Note: This certificate is part of the  the Harmonised System of Survey and Certification (HSSC), and therefore theses periods are common with many other certificates.

 

What information is contained on the certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • IMO number
    • Port of registry
  • Cargo capacity (m3)
  • Ship type
  • Date on which keel was laid or on which the ship was at a similar stage of construction or, in the case of a converted ship, date on which conversion to a gas carrier was commenced
  • Compliance with amendments of the code
  • Exemptions from provisions of the Code

What does it certify?

  • That the ship has been surveyed in accordance with the provisions of section 1.4 of the Code
  • That the survey showed that the construction and equipment of the ship and the condition thereof are in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the relevant provisions of the Code
  • That the following design criteria have been used:
    • Ambient air temperature
    • Ambient water temperature
    • Table of tank types/stress factors/Materials/MARVS
certgastable1

Tables from IMO MSC.370(93)

  • That the ship is suitable for the carriage in bulk of the following products provided that all the relevant operational provisions of the Code are observed

    Table of Products, Conditions of carriage  (tank numbers, etc.), Minimum certsgastable2temperature

  • Modifications of  provisions of the Code in respect of the ship
  • That the ship shall be loaded:
    • Only in accordance with loading conditions verified compliant with intact and damage stability requirements using the approved stability instrument
    • Where a dispensation permitted by the Code applies and the approved stability instrument is not fitted, loading shall be made in accordance with one or more of the following approved methods:
      • In accordance with the loading conditions provided in the approved loading manual
      • In accordance with loading conditions verified remotely using approved means
      • In accordance with a loading condition which lies within an approved range of conditions defined in the approved loading manual referred to above
      • In accordance with a loading condition verified using approved critical KG/GM data defined in the approved loading manual
    • In accordance with the loading limitations appended to this Certificate
  • Validity of certificate
  • Annual and intermediate survey endorsements

Note: Where it is required to load the ship other than in accordance with the instructions on the certificate, then the necessary calculations to justify the proposed loading conditions shall be sent to the certifying Administration who may authorise  the proposed loading condition.


Attachment 1 To the international certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk

This is a continuation list of products to those specified in paragraph 4 of the certificate, and their conditions of carriage. This is an addition to the table of products contained within the main certificate.

certgascertattach1crop


Attachment 2 To the international certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk

This  attachment contains a tank plan.

:certsgascertattach2crop


Addendum to the International Certificate of fitness for the carriage of  liquefied gases in bulk

What is an addendum to the certificate?

This is a document is issued where it is proposed to carry products that may be considered to come within the scope of this Code that are not designated in chapter 19 of the code.

When this occurs, the Administration and the port Administrations involved in such carriage shall establish a Tripartite Agreement based on a provisional assessment and lay down preliminary  conditions of carriage based on the principles of the Code.

What is contained on the addendum?

A table of ship information

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive
  • Number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Port of registry
  • Cargo capacity (m3)
  • Ship type

A statement that the ship meets the requirements for the carriage in bulk products listed in a table, provided that all relevant operational provisions of the Code are observed.

The table contains:

  • Product
  • Conditions of carriage (tank numbers, etc.)
  • Minimum temperature
  • MARVS

A statement of  the countries between which carriage is permitted.

The name of the document on which the addendum is based.

Dates

  • Validity of the Tripartite Agreement for the product
  • Expiry date of the addendum
  • Place and date of issue:

Ship types

The ship type stated on the certificate is one of the standards stated in the IGS code, each standard has a key word signifying the scale of measures required.

  • Type 1G ship is a gas carrier intended to transport the products that require maximum preventive measures to preclude their escape.
  • Type 2G ship is a gas carrier intended to transport the products require significant preventive measures to preclude their escape.
  • Type 2PG ship is a gas carrier of 150 m in length or less intended to
    transport the products that require significant preventive measures to preclude their escape, and where the products are carried in type C independent tanks designed for a MARVS of at least 0.7 MPa gauge and a cargo containment system design
    temperature of -55°C or above.
  • Type 3G ship is a gas carrier intended to carry the products indicated in  that require moderate preventive measures to preclude their escape.

 


Additional documentation

In addition to the certificates and its associated attachments the following documents will be required to be held on board a gas carrier.

 

 

Cargo system operation manuals

The ship shall be provided with approved copies of suitably detailed cargo system operation manuals  such that trained personnel can safely operate the ship with due regard to the hazards and properties of the cargoes that are permitted to be carried.

Cargo information data sheet(s)

Information shall be on board and available to all concerned in the form of a cargo information data sheet(s) giving the necessary data for the safe carriage of cargo.

Loading and Stability Information booklet

A booklet containing details of typical service conditions, loading, unloading and ballasting operations, provisions for evaluating other conditions of loading and a summary of the ship’s survival capabilities. The booklet shall also contain sufficient information to enable the master to load and operate the ship in a safe and seaworthy manner.

Important Note

Before any gas cargo is loaded The master shall ascertain that the quantity and characteristics of each product to be loaded are within the limits indicated in the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk and in the Loading and Stability Information booklet, and that products are listed in the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk.


This post was a bit of an extended one, thanks to the complexity of the certification.  Hopefully the next certificate to explore will be a bit more compact!

 

 

Tagged , ,

Document of compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods

WharfsDocument of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form

Why is it required?

SOLAS II-2 Regulation 19  – Carriage of Dangerous Goods

Click here for the IMO page on dangerous goods>

4 Document of compliance

“The Administration shall provide the ship with an appropriate document as evidence of compliance of construction and equipment with the requirements of this regulation. Certification for dangerous goods, except solid dangerous goods in bulk, is not required for those cargoes specified as class 6.2 and 7 and dangerous goods in limited quantities and excepted quantities.”

What ships require the document?

  • Passenger ships constructed on or after 1 September 1984
  • All other ships of 500 tons or over constructed on or after 1 September 1984
  • All other ships of under 500 tons constructed on or after 1 February 1992

Which are intended, or which have cargo spaces which are intended for the carriage of dangerous goods on international voyages.

How long is it valid?

Cargo ship: Not more than 5 years and should not be extended beyond the expiry date of the valid Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate.

Passenger ship: One year and should not be extended beyond the expiry date of the valid Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

What surveys are required?

Surveys required on cargo ships:

  • An Initial Survey
  • An Annual Survey, in conjunction with SEC or SCV survey,
  • A Renewal Survey

Passenger ships:

  • An Initial Survey
  • A Renewal Survey, in conjunction with the passanger ship survey

See the UK  Instruction to surveyors MSIS 23 chapter 9

What information is contained on the Document of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters:
  • Port of registry
  • Ship type
  • IMO Number (if applicable)
  • Schedule 1: A table of the dangerous goods approved for carriage and their stowage locations
  • Schedule 2 A of list the special requirements for this ship to carry dangerous goods

Click here for IMO MSC.1/Circ.1266 Carriage of dangerous goods>

imdg-code-coverWhat does the Document of Compliance Certify?

  • That the construction and equipment have been found to comply with the provisions of regulation II-2/19 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended.
  • That the ship is suitable for the carriage of those classes of dangerous goods as specified in the appendix subject that any provisions in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code and the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes Code for individual substances, materials or articles area also being complied with.

What are Dangerous goods?

 Dangerous goods are those substances and articles, carried as cargo, which are listed or classified in the latest edition of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.

Which dangerous goods do not require a document of compliance?

Classe 6.2 Infectious substances

Class 7 Radioactive substancesimdg-7

 

Carriage of dangerous goods in Limited Quantities.

What are limited quantities?

Limited Quantities are small amounts of some dangerous goods that can be carried on a vessel not holding a Document of compliance. In Section 18 of the General Introduction to the IMDG states on limited quantities:

“The applicable quantity limit for the inner packaging or article is specified for each substance in column 7a of the dangerous Goods list of chapter 3.2. In addition, the quantity “0” has been indicated in the column for each entry not permitted to be transported in accordance with this chapter”

Therefore, in order to determine is a small quantity of dangerous goods can be carried without at Document of Compliance the IMDG code must be referrred to.


 Schedule 1

This schedule contains simple layout diagram of a ship and a table. The table has along its vertical axis numbers corresponding to the holds and cargo spaces on the  layout, and the dangerous goods classifications down the vertical.

imdgdoccompsced1

Schedule 1 from UK MGN 36- Click here to view>

The boxes of the table are filled in with letter codes that signify what goods are permitted in those spaces.

P = Packaged Goods Permitted

A = Packaged & Bulk Permitted

X = Not Permitted

 

 

 


Schedule 2

This states what is required  requirements specified below are necessary for compliance with National and International Regulations. For example the UK schedule 2 in MGN 36 lists:

  • Immediate availability of water
  • Quantity of water
  • Water spray system
  • Cargo space flooding
  • Electrical arrangements
  • Fire detection system
  • Power ventilation
  • Bilge pumping
  • Protective clothing
  • Fans
  • Breathing apparatus
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Insulation

The next post in this series will pause briefly to look at the IMDG code.  


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tagged , , , ,