Category Archives: Codes

The ISPS Code- A Handy Summary

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Following on from the last post on the International Ship Security Certificate, this post has a quick look at its associated code. 

The International Code for the Security of Ships and Port Facilities

Following terrorists attacks of  11th September 2001 the IMO agreed to the development of new measures relating to the security of ships and of port facilities; out of this agreement came the ISPS code

What makes the ISPS code mandatory?

SOLAS Chapter XI-2 , Special measures to Enhance Maritime Security

Regulation 4 Requirements for Companies and Ships

“2 Ships shall comply with the relevant requirements of this chapter and of part A of the ISPS Code, taking into account the guidance given in part B of the ISPS Code, and such compliance shall be verified and certified as provided for in part A of the ISPS Code…..”

This Code applies to the following ships on international voyages:

  • Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft;
  • Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 500 gross tonnage and upwards
  • Mobile offshore drilling units
  • Port facilities serving such ships engaged on international voyages

What does SOLAS Say about ship security and the Master’s discretion?

Regulation 8

“1 The master shall not be constrained by the Company, the charterer or any other person from taking or executing any decision which, in the professional judgement of the master, is necessary to maintain the safety and security of the ship. This includes denial of access to persons (except those identified as duly authorized by a Contracting Government) or their effects and refusal to load cargo, including containers or other closed cargo transport units.”

Contents of the ISPS code

This list of sections within the code give in an indication of the range of its requirements. The contents of sections 7, 8, 9,10, 12 and 14 are the most applicable to ships and require a Ship Security Assessment, Ship Security Plan and Ship Security officer to be in place.

  • 1 General
  • 2 Definitions
  • 3 Application
  • 4  Responsibilities of Contracting Governments
  • 5 Deceleration of Security
  • 6 Obligations of the Company
  • 7 Ship Security
  • 8 Ship Security Assessment
  • 9 Ship Security Plan
  • 10 Records
  • 11 Company Security Officer
  • 12 Ship Security Officer
  • 13 Training, Drills and exercises on Ship Security
  • 14 Port Facility Security
  • 15 Port Facility Security assessment
  • 16 Port Facility Security Plan
  • 17 Port Facility Security officer
  • 18  Training, Drills and exercises on Port Facility Security

What is covered by the ship Security Assessment (SSA) ?

  • Physical security
  • Structural integrity
  • Personnel protection systems
  • Procedural policies
  • Radio and telecommunication systems, including computer systems and networks
  • Other areas that may, if damaged or used for illicit observation, pose a risk to
    persons, property, or operations on board the ship or within a port facility

What is the Ship Security Plan (SSP)?

Ship security plan means a plan developed to ensure the application of measures on board the ship designed to protect persons on board, cargo, cargo transport units, ship’s stores or the ship from the risks of a security incident.” ISPS Code definitions

Contents of the plan

  • The organizational structure of security for the ship
  • The ship’s relationships with the Company, port facilities, other ships and relevant authorities with security responsibility
  • The communication systems to allow effective continuous communication
    within the ship and between the ship and others, including port facilities
  • The basic security measures for security level 1 that will always be in place
  • The additional security measures that will allow the ship to progress without
    delay to security level 2 and, when necessary, to security level 3
  • Procedures for regular review, or audit, of the SSP and for its amendment in response to experience or changing circumstances
  • The reporting procedures to the appropriate Contracting Governments contact points

What are the Security Levels?

These are set by Governments based on the security threat. Each threat level will have a corresponding series of security measures within the Ship and Port Security plans.

  • Security level 1 means the level for which minimum appropriate protective
    security measures shall be maintained at all times.
  • Security level 2 means the level for which appropriate additional protective
    security measures shall be maintained for a period of time as a result of
    heightened risk of a security incident.
  • Security level 3 means the level for which further specific protective security
    measures shall be maintained for a limited period of time when a security incident
    is probable or imminent, although it may not be possible to identify the specific
    target.

What nominated personal are required by ISPS?

The Company Security Officer (CSO) is responsible for ensuring that a Ship Security
Assessment (SSA) is carried out for each of the ships in the Company’s fleet.

Ship Security Officer (SSO) means the person on board the ship, accountable to the
master, designated by the Company as responsible for the security of the ship.

Port Facility Security Officer (PFSO)means the person designated as responsible for the development, implementation, revision and maintenance of the port facility
security plan and for liaison with the ship security officers and company security
officers.


 

Some Related Revision Guides

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The Grain Code- What does it contain?

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The International Code for the safe carriage of grain in bulk

The last post on the  Document of Authourisation to Carry Grain  referred to the grain code.  Before the blog moves onto the next piece of cargo related certification it will have a very quick look at that code. Only a quick look though; just an overview of the contents.

Click to find the code on Amazon

“1.1. This Code applies to ships regardless of size, including those of less than 500 tons gross tonnage, engaged in the carriage of grain in bulk, to which part C of chapter VI of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, as amended, applies.” The Grain Code

  • Part A – Specific requirements
    • 1 Application
    • 2 Definitions
    • 3 Document of authorization
    • 4 Equivalents
    • 5 Exemptions for certain voyages
    • 6 Information regarding ship’s stability and grain loading
    • 7 Stability requirements
    • 8 Stability requirements for existing ship
    • 9 Optional stability requirements for ships without documents of
      authorization carrying partial cargoes of bulk grain
    • 10 Stowage of bulk grain
    • 11 Strength of grain fittings
    • 12 Divisions loaded on both sides
    • 13 Divisions loaded on one side only
    • 14 Saucers
    • 15 Bundling of bulk grain
    • 16 Overstowing arrangements
    • 17 Strapping or lashing
    • 18 Securing with wire mesh
  • Part B – Calculation of assumed heeling moments and
    general assumptions
  • 1 General assumptions
  • 2 Assumed volumetric heeling moment of a filled compartment,
    trimmed
  • 3 Assumed volumetric heeling moment of a filled compartment,
    untrimmed
  • 4 Assumed volumetric heeling moments in trunks
  • 5 Assumed volumetric heeling moment of a partly filled
    compartment
  • 6 Other assumptions
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The three IMO gas carrier codes- A handy summary

igc-code-wideGas tankers are covered by a confusing array of codes, there before this series looks at the  Certificate of fitness for carriage of liquified gases in bulk, it will give a quick summary of those codes.

The three Gas carrier codes

The year of build of a vessel will determine which code applies.

  • ICG code: The International Code of the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk GC Code- 1986
  • GC Code: Code for the Construction Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk-1983
  • EGC Code: Code for Existing Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk-1976

For the IMO web page on the IGC code click here>


The ICG code

The International Code of the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (1986)

This was adopted by resolution MSC.5(48), has been mandatory under SOLAS chapigc-codeter VII since 1 July 1986. The IGC Code applies to ships regardless of their size,  engaged in carriage of liquefied gases having a vapour pressure exceeding 2.8 bar absolute at a temperature of 37.8°C, and certain other substances listed in chapter 19 of the Code.

The aim of the Code is to provide an international standard for the safe carriage by sea in bulk of liquefied gases  by prescribing the design and construction standards of ships involved in such carriage and the equipment they should carry.


The GC Code

Code for the Construction Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (GC Code) (1983)

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This Code was developed to provide an international standard for the safe carriage by sea in bulk of liquefied gases and certain other substances. The Code generally applies to ships built on or after 31 December 1976 but prior to 1 July 1986. 


EGC Code

Code for Existing Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (1976)

The purpose ogascode1976f this Code is to provide international standards for the safe carriage of liquefied gases in bulk by ships which are currently in service, or which otherwise fall outside the scope of the more extensive standards contained in resolution A.328(IX). The Code generally applies to ships delivered before 31 December 1976.


Additional sources of information


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