Document of Authorization to Carry Grain- A Handy Guide

This blog has already covered two cargo related certificates within earlier sections:

Now it will carry on to explore some certificates specific to certain cargoes, starting with grain.

FoweyCoaster

Carrying grain safely

The requirement for grain specific documentation arises from the safety risk arising from grain’s characteristics.  Grain settles about 2% of volume, a settling which causes small voids to open up near the surface that allow the grain to shift. This free flowing of the can greatly  reduce the stability of the vessel, making grain one of the most dangerous cargoes.

Why must a ship carry a Document of Authourisation to Carry Grain?

It is required by SOLAS  Chapter VI Safety of Cargoes.

Regulation 9 – Requirements for Cargo Ships Carrying Grain

“1 In addition to any other applicable requirements of the present regulations, a cargo ship carrying grain shall comply with the requirements of the International Grain Code, and hold a document of authorization as required by that Code. For the purpose of this regulation, the requirements of the Code shall be treated as mandatory.

2 A ship without such a document shall not load grain until the master satisfies the Administration, or the Contracting Government of the port of loading on behalf of the Administration, that the ship will comply with the requirements of the International Grain Code in its proposed loaded condition.”

What code must a grain carrying ship conform to?

The international code for the safe carriage of grain in bulk, this is normally referred to GrainCodeas ‘The Grain Code’ .

What is grain?

Grain Code 2 Definitions

2.1. The term grain covers wheat, maize (corn), oats, rye, barley, rice, pulses, seeds and processed forms thereof, whose behaviour is similar to that of grain in its natural state

1.1. This Code applies to ships regardless of size, including those of less than 500 tons gross tonnage, engaged in the carriage of grain in bulk, to which part C of chapter VI of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, as amended, applies.

What does the Document of authorization signify

It is evidence that the ship is capable of complying with the requirements of the grain code.

A ship without such a document of authorization shall not load grain until the master demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Administration, or of the Contracting Government of the port of loading acting on behalf of the Administration, that, in its loaded condition for the intended voyage, the ship complies with the requirements of the code.

Where must the document be held?

The document shall accompany or be incorporated into the grain loading manual.

Click here for the IMO Grain Code page>

What is shown on the Document?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of Registry
  • IMO number
  • A statement that the ship is capable of complying with the requirements of the International Grain Code in accordance with the approved grain loading stability information booklet.

When can a ship load without a document of authorization?

When:

  • The total weight of the bulk grain shall not exceed one third of the deadweight of the ship
  • All filled compartments, trimmed, shall be fitted with centreline divisions extending, for the full length of such compartments, downwards from the underside of the deck or hatch covers to a distance below the deck line of at least one eighth of the maximum breadth of the compartment or 2.4 m, whichever is the greater, except that saucers  may be accepted in lieu of a centreline division in and beneath a hatchway except in the case of linseed and other seeds having similar properties;
  • All hatches to filled compartments, trimmed, shall be closed and covers secured in place
  • All free grain surfaces in partly filled cargo space shall be trimmed level and secured
  • Throughout the voyage the metacentric height after correction for the free surface effects of liquids in tanks shall be 0.3 m or that given by a formula given in the grain code
     
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​SOLAS  Chapter VI-Safety of Cargoes

 

SOLAS Chapter VI – Carriage of Cargoes and Oil Fuels

Click for SOLAS on Amazon

What does it cover?

Before this blog dives into the realms of grain cargoes certification it will have a quick look at the contents of SOLAS Chapter VI.  A quick look that may be useful in hunting  for cargo related legislation.

Contents of Chapter VI

Part A – General Provisions

  • Regulation 1 – Application
  • Regulating 1-1 – Definitions
  • Regulation 1-2 – Requirements for the Carriage of Solid Bulk Cargoes other than Grain
  • Regulation 2 – Cargo Information
  • Regulation 3 – Oxygen Analysis and Gas Detection Equipment
  • Regulation 4 – The Use of Pesticides in Ships
  • Regulation 5 – Stowage and Securing
  • Regulation 5-1 – Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Regulation 5-2 – Prohibition of the Blending of Bulk Liquid Cargoes and Production Processes during Sea Voyages

Part B – Special Provisions for Solid Bulk Cargoes

  • Regulation 6 – Acceptability for Shipment
  • Regulation 7 – Loading, Unloading and Stowage of Solid Bulk Cargoes

Part C – Carriage of Grain

  • Regulation 8 – Definitions
  • Regulation 9 – Requirements for Cargo Ships Carrying Grain

Some recommended links on cargo safety

The next post will move on to explore the certification associated with Regulation 9, the carriage of grain.

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Enclosed spaces- where to find information

IMG_20160830_183640_hdr_kindlephoto-8190726

Enclosed, Confined and Dangerous Spaces

A quick diversion away from certification this post to pass on some useful links for information related to entry into enclosed spaces.

This very important safety topic is confused by the variation in names adopted to describe such spaced. I have therefore included the name used in each reference with the appropriate definition.

Resolution A.1050(27) REVISED RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ENTERING ENCLOSED SPACES ABOARD SHIPS

“2.1 Enclosed space means a space which has any of the following characteristics: .

1 limited openings for entry and exit;

.2 inadequate ventilation; and

.3 is not designed for continuous worker occupancy,

and includes, but is not limited to, cargo spaces, double bottoms, fuel tanks, ballast tanks, cargo pump-rooms, cargo compressor rooms, cofferdams, chain lockers, void spaces, duct keels, inter-barrier spaces, boilers, engine crankcases, engine scavenge air receivers, sewage tanks, and adjacent connected spaces. This list is not exhaustive and a list should be produced on a ship-by-ship basis to identify enclosed spaces.”

UK COSWOP chapter 15COSWOP

“15.1.1 An enclosed space is one that:has limited openings for entry and exit; has inadequate ventilation; and  is not designed for continuous worker occupation.”

UK SI 1988 No. 1638 – The Merchant Shipping (Entry into Dangerous Spaces) Regulations

“dangerous space” means any enclosed or confined space in which it is foreseeable that the atmosphere may at some stage contain toxic or flammable gases or vapours, or be deficient in oxygen, to the extent that it may endanger the life or health of any person entering that space;

UK shore based guidelines and regulations

UK HSE confined space webpageHSE

“A confined space is a place which is substantially enclosed (though not always entirely), and where serious injury can occur from hazardous substances or conditions within the space or nearby (e.g. lack of oxygen).”

UK confined space regulations 1997Approved code practice

UK approved code of practice


Ship certification exploring will continue in the next post.

For a find a copy of COSWOP on Amazon click below.

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The International Certificate for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk- A quick guide

igc-code-wide

This post  continues the Gas Carrier theme of the last posting. The certificate is a bit of a complex document, therefore so is this post. 

Information about this certificate is available in the IMO circular MSC 370 (93)

The Internationaligc-code Certificate for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk  is carried by ships complying with the IGC code. For older ships complying with the GC code, then the Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk is required instead. See my last post for a summary of those codes.

For the IMO web page on the IGC code click here>

Why is the Certificate required?

To comply with the International Code for the Construction and equipment of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk. (IGC code)

Which ships require the certificate?

Ships built after July 2016, regardless of their size, engaged in the carriage of liquefied gases having a vapour pressure exceeding 0.28 MPa absolute at a temperature of 37.8°C and other products, as shown in chapter 19 of the IGC code, when carried in bulk.

Note: The Code applies to ships whose keels are laid, or which are at a similar stage of construction where:

  • Construction identifiable with the ship begins

and

  • Assembly of that ship has commenced, comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the estimated mass of all structural material, whichever is less, on or after 1 July 2016.

What Surveys are required?

  • An initial survey before the ship is put in service or before the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk is issued for the first time
  • A renewal survey at intervals specified by the Administration, but not exceeding five years
  • An intermediate survey within three months before or after the second anniversary date, or within three months before or after the third anniversary date of the certificate, which shall take the place of one of the annual surveys
  • An annual survey within three months before or after each anniversary date of the certificate

Note: This certificate is part of the  the Harmonised System of Survey and Certification (HSSC), and therefore theses periods are common with many other certificates.

 

What information is contained on the certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • IMO number
    • Port of registry
  • Cargo capacity (m3)
  • Ship type
  • Date on which keel was laid or on which the ship was at a similar stage of construction or, in the case of a converted ship, date on which conversion to a gas carrier was commenced
  • Compliance with amendments of the code
  • Exemptions from provisions of the Code

What does it certify?

  • That the ship has been surveyed in accordance with the provisions of section 1.4 of the Code
  • That the survey showed that the construction and equipment of the ship and the condition thereof are in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the relevant provisions of the Code
  • That the following design criteria have been used:
    • Ambient air temperature
    • Ambient water temperature
    • Table of tank types/stress factors/Materials/MARVS
certgastable1

Tables from IMO MSC.370(93)

  • That the ship is suitable for the carriage in bulk of the following products provided that all the relevant operational provisions of the Code are observed

    Table of Products, Conditions of carriage  (tank numbers, etc.), Minimum certsgastable2temperature

  • Modifications of  provisions of the Code in respect of the ship
  • That the ship shall be loaded:
    • Only in accordance with loading conditions verified compliant with intact and damage stability requirements using the approved stability instrument
    • Where a dispensation permitted by the Code applies and the approved stability instrument is not fitted, loading shall be made in accordance with one or more of the following approved methods:
      • In accordance with the loading conditions provided in the approved loading manual
      • In accordance with loading conditions verified remotely using approved means
      • In accordance with a loading condition which lies within an approved range of conditions defined in the approved loading manual referred to above
      • In accordance with a loading condition verified using approved critical KG/GM data defined in the approved loading manual
    • In accordance with the loading limitations appended to this Certificate
  • Validity of certificate
  • Annual and intermediate survey endorsements

Note: Where it is required to load the ship other than in accordance with the instructions on the certificate, then the necessary calculations to justify the proposed loading conditions shall be sent to the certifying Administration who may authorise  the proposed loading condition.


Attachment 1 To the international certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk

This is a continuation list of products to those specified in paragraph 4 of the certificate, and their conditions of carriage. This is an addition to the table of products contained within the main certificate.

certgascertattach1crop


Attachment 2 To the international certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk

This  attachment contains a tank plan.

:certsgascertattach2crop


Addendum to the International Certificate of fitness for the carriage of  liquefied gases in bulk

What is an addendum to the certificate?

This is a document is issued where it is proposed to carry products that may be considered to come within the scope of this Code that are not designated in chapter 19 of the code.

When this occurs, the Administration and the port Administrations involved in such carriage shall establish a Tripartite Agreement based on a provisional assessment and lay down preliminary  conditions of carriage based on the principles of the Code.

What is contained on the addendum?

A table of ship information

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive
  • Number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Port of registry
  • Cargo capacity (m3)
  • Ship type

A statement that the ship meets the requirements for the carriage in bulk products listed in a table, provided that all relevant operational provisions of the Code are observed.

The table contains:

  • Product
  • Conditions of carriage (tank numbers, etc.)
  • Minimum temperature
  • MARVS

A statement of  the countries between which carriage is permitted.

The name of the document on which the addendum is based.

Dates

  • Validity of the Tripartite Agreement for the product
  • Expiry date of the addendum
  • Place and date of issue:

Ship types

The ship type stated on the certificate is one of the standards stated in the IGS code, each standard has a key word signifying the scale of measures required.

  • Type 1G ship is a gas carrier intended to transport the products that require maximum preventive measures to preclude their escape.
  • Type 2G ship is a gas carrier intended to transport the products require significant preventive measures to preclude their escape.
  • Type 2PG ship is a gas carrier of 150 m in length or less intended to
    transport the products that require significant preventive measures to preclude their escape, and where the products are carried in type C independent tanks designed for a MARVS of at least 0.7 MPa gauge and a cargo containment system design
    temperature of -55°C or above.
  • Type 3G ship is a gas carrier intended to carry the products indicated in  that require moderate preventive measures to preclude their escape.

 


Additional documentation

In addition to the certificates and its associated attachments the following documents will be required to be held on board a gas carrier.

 

 

Cargo system operation manuals

The ship shall be provided with approved copies of suitably detailed cargo system operation manuals  such that trained personnel can safely operate the ship with due regard to the hazards and properties of the cargoes that are permitted to be carried.

Cargo information data sheet(s)

Information shall be on board and available to all concerned in the form of a cargo information data sheet(s) giving the necessary data for the safe carriage of cargo.

Loading and Stability Information booklet

A booklet containing details of typical service conditions, loading, unloading and ballasting operations, provisions for evaluating other conditions of loading and a summary of the ship’s survival capabilities. The booklet shall also contain sufficient information to enable the master to load and operate the ship in a safe and seaworthy manner.

Important Note

Before any gas cargo is loaded The master shall ascertain that the quantity and characteristics of each product to be loaded are within the limits indicated in the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk and in the Loading and Stability Information booklet, and that products are listed in the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk.


This post was a bit of an extended one, thanks to the complexity of the certification.  Hopefully the next certificate to explore will be a bit more compact!

 

 

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The three IMO gas carrier codes- A handy summary

igc-code-wideGas tankers are covered by a confusing array of codes, there before this series looks at the  Certificate of fitness for carriage of liquified gases in bulk, it will give a quick summary of those codes.

The three Gas carrier codes

The year of build of a vessel will determine which code applies.

  • ICG code: The International Code of the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk GC Code- 1986
  • GC Code: Code for the Construction Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk-1983
  • EGC Code: Code for Existing Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk-1976

For the IMO web page on the IGC code click here>


The ICG code

The International Code of the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (1986)

This was adopted by resolution MSC.5(48), has been mandatory under SOLAS chapigc-codeter VII since 1 July 1986. The IGC Code applies to ships regardless of their size,  engaged in carriage of liquefied gases having a vapour pressure exceeding 2.8 bar absolute at a temperature of 37.8°C, and certain other substances listed in chapter 19 of the Code.

The aim of the Code is to provide an international standard for the safe carriage by sea in bulk of liquefied gases  by prescribing the design and construction standards of ships involved in such carriage and the equipment they should carry.


The GC Code

Code for the Construction Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (GC Code) (1983)

gascode1983

This Code was developed to provide an international standard for the safe carriage by sea in bulk of liquefied gases and certain other substances. The Code generally applies to ships built on or after 31 December 1976 but prior to 1 July 1986. 


EGC Code

Code for Existing Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (1976)

The purpose ogascode1976f this Code is to provide international standards for the safe carriage of liquefied gases in bulk by ships which are currently in service, or which otherwise fall outside the scope of the more extensive standards contained in resolution A.328(IX). The Code generally applies to ships delivered before 31 December 1976.


Additional sources of information


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The Ballast Water Management Convention is almost here

aquariamcircleeditedBWC- a quick guide to implemtation

Controlling the spread of invasive species


Implementation Date 8 September 2017


Another quick pause from the stream of certification posts to have a peer into some of the key facts about implementing the ballast water convention.

When must a ship comply with the standards defined in the Ballast water Convention?

Resolution A.1088(28) Application of the International Convention for the control and management of ship’s ballast water and sediments 2004

“4 notwithstanding paragraph 2.2, where the Convention enters into force after the year 2016, a ship subject to regulations B-3.1.2 or B-3.4 will not be required to comply with regulation D-2 until its first renewal survey following the date of entry into force of the Convention; .

5 a ship referred to in paragraphs 2.1 to 2.4 will be required to comply with either regulation D-1 or regulation D-2 until such time as regulation D-2 is enforced;

.6 the renewal survey referred to in paragraphs 2.1 to 2.4 is the renewal survey associated with the International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate under MARPOL Annex I;

In simple terms as from 8 September 2017 a ship must comply with D-1 (ballast water exchange) or D-2 ( Ballast water standards), and after that date, on renewal of its IOPP certificate, it must comply with D-2.

bwm

 

What is required to comply with the Ballast Water Management Convention?

 

Regulation B-1 Ballast Water Management Plan

Each ship shall have on board and implement an approved Ballast Water Management plan.

Regulation B-2 Ballast Water Record Book

Each ship shall have on board a Ballast Water record book that may be an electronic record system, or that may be integrated into another record book or system.

“Each operation concerning Ballast Water shall be fully recorded without delay in the Ballast Water record book. Each entry shall be signed by the officer in charge of the operation concerned and each completed page shall be signed by the master”

Regulation B-3 Ballast Water Management for Ships

Ships are to manage ballast in accordance with either D-1 or D-2.

Regulation B-5 Sediment Management for Ships

All ships shall remove and dispose of Sediments from spaces designated to carry Ballast Water in accordance with the provisions of the ship‘s Ballast Water Management plan

Regulation B-6 Duties of Officers and Crew

Officers and crew shall be familiar with their duties in the implementation of Ballast Water Management and be familiar with the ship‘s Ballast Water Management plan.

More information about the Ballast Water Management Convention

Useful BWC links

Information about BWC certification

The Ballast Water Management Convention on Navsregs store

 

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The IMDG code- A quick summary

WharfsA handy revision guide to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Codeimdgcode2016

The safe carriage of dangerous goods at sea

Before this blog moved on from the Document of Compliance for Dangerous goods, it will have a quick look at its related code, the IMDG code.  Its only a quick glance, as the code is a complex read, and one worthy of  closer look later on this blog.

What is the purpose of the IMDG code?

  • Enhance the safe carriage of dangerous goods
  • While facilitating the free unrestricted movement of such goods
  • Prevent pollution to the environment

Why is does the IMDG code need to be complied with?

SOLAS chapter VII Dangerous goods.solas

“Regulation 3 – Requirements for the Carriage of Dangerous Goods

The carriage of dangerous goods in packaged form shall be in compliance with the relevant provisions of the IMDG Code.”

When was the IMDG code first introduced?

The code was first produced in 1965, but it was only recommendary status until 2004.

IMDG code contents

The IMDG code comes in two volumes, the first one with general instructions, and the second one containing the specific instructions for each type of dangerous goods.

Volume 1imdgv1

Part 1 General Provisions, definitions and training

Application, Definitions, Training, Security,  general provisions for radioactive material

Part 2 Classification

The IMDG goods classes, 1 to 9, explained

Part 3 Dangerous goods list –  contained in Volume 2

Part 4 Packing and tank provisions

Part 5 Consignment procedures

Part 6 Construction and testing of packages, IBCs, portable tanks, MECGs and road tank vehicles

Part 7 Provision concerning transport operations

Volume 2

imdgv2

Part 3

3.1 General

3.2 Dangerous goods list

3.3 Special provisions applicable to certain substances, materials or articles

3.4 Dangerous goods packed in limited quantities

3.5 Dangerous goods packed in excepted quantaties

Appendix A List of generic and N.O.S. proper shipping terms

Appendix B Glossary of terms

Information contained in the Dangerous goods list

  • UIN number
  • Proper shipping name
  • Class or division
  • Subsidiary risks
  • Special provisions
  • Limited and excepted quantity provisions
  • Packing
  • IBC
  • Portable tanks and bulk containers
  • Ems
  • Stowage and handling
  • Segregation
  • Properties and observations

Sources of useful IMDG information

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Document of compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods

WharfsDocument of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form

Why is it required?

SOLAS II-2 Regulation 19  – Carriage of Dangerous Goods

Click here for the IMO page on dangerous goods>

4 Document of compliance

“The Administration shall provide the ship with an appropriate document as evidence of compliance of construction and equipment with the requirements of this regulation. Certification for dangerous goods, except solid dangerous goods in bulk, is not required for those cargoes specified as class 6.2 and 7 and dangerous goods in limited quantities and excepted quantities.”

What ships require the document?

  • Passenger ships constructed on or after 1 September 1984
  • All other ships of 500 tons or over constructed on or after 1 September 1984
  • All other ships of under 500 tons constructed on or after 1 February 1992

Which are intended, or which have cargo spaces which are intended for the carriage of dangerous goods on international voyages.

How long is it valid?

Cargo ship: Not more than 5 years and should not be extended beyond the expiry date of the valid Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate.

Passenger ship: One year and should not be extended beyond the expiry date of the valid Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

What surveys are required?

Surveys required on cargo ships:

  • An Initial Survey
  • An Annual Survey, in conjunction with SEC or SCV survey,
  • A Renewal Survey

Passenger ships:

  • An Initial Survey
  • A Renewal Survey, in conjunction with the passanger ship survey

See the UK  Instruction to surveyors MSIS 23 chapter 9

What information is contained on the Document of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters:
  • Port of registry
  • Ship type
  • IMO Number (if applicable)
  • Schedule 1: A table of the dangerous goods approved for carriage and their stowage locations
  • Schedule 2 A of list the special requirements for this ship to carry dangerous goods

Click here for IMO MSC.1/Circ.1266 Carriage of dangerous goods>

imdg-code-coverWhat does the Document of Compliance Certify?

  • That the construction and equipment have been found to comply with the provisions of regulation II-2/19 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended.
  • That the ship is suitable for the carriage of those classes of dangerous goods as specified in the appendix subject that any provisions in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code and the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes Code for individual substances, materials or articles area also being complied with.

What are Dangerous goods?

 Dangerous goods are those substances and articles, carried as cargo, which are listed or classified in the latest edition of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.

Which dangerous goods do not require a document of compliance?

Classe 6.2 Infectious substances

Class 7 Radioactive substancesimdg-7

 

Carriage of dangerous goods in Limited Quantities.

What are limited quantities?

Limited Quantities are small amounts of some dangerous goods that can be carried on a vessel not holding a Document of compliance. In Section 18 of the General Introduction to the IMDG states on limited quantities:

“The applicable quantity limit for the inner packaging or article is specified for each substance in column 7a of the dangerous Goods list of chapter 3.2. In addition, the quantity “0” has been indicated in the column for each entry not permitted to be transported in accordance with this chapter”

Therefore, in order to determine is a small quantity of dangerous goods can be carried without at Document of Compliance the IMDG code must be referrred to.


 Schedule 1

This schedule contains simple layout diagram of a ship and a table. The table has along its vertical axis numbers corresponding to the holds and cargo spaces on the  layout, and the dangerous goods classifications down the vertical.

imdgdoccompsced1

Schedule 1 from UK MGN 36- Click here to view>

The boxes of the table are filled in with letter codes that signify what goods are permitted in those spaces.

P = Packaged Goods Permitted

A = Packaged & Bulk Permitted

X = Not Permitted

 

 

 


Schedule 2

This states what is required  requirements specified below are necessary for compliance with National and International Regulations. For example the UK schedule 2 in MGN 36 lists:

  • Immediate availability of water
  • Quantity of water
  • Water spray system
  • Cargo space flooding
  • Electrical arrangements
  • Fire detection system
  • Power ventilation
  • Bilge pumping
  • Protective clothing
  • Fans
  • Breathing apparatus
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Insulation

The next post in this series will pause briefly to look at the IMDG code.  


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SOLAS and dangerous goods

img_20160302_070228_pan.jpg

After the last handful of posts plugging some equipment related certificates this series will move on to the next group of certificates, those covering dangerous cargoes. Before starting on the certificates themselves there will be a brief pause to put the documents in perspective.

SOLAS  Chapter VII – Carriage of dangerous goods

Some Handy Revision Notes

SOLAS Chapter VII covers the carriage of dangerous goods at sea. It  is split into four parts (covering:

  • Part A – Dangerous goods in packaged form
  • Part A-1 -Dangerous goods in solid form in bulk
  • Part B Dangerous liquid chemicals in bulk
  • Part C Liquefied gases in bulk
  • Part D  Packaged irradiated nuclear fuel, plutonium and high-level radioactive waste

Part A – Carriage of dangerous goods in packaged form

What does it cover?imdg-1

The classification, packing, marking, labelling and placarding, documentation and stowage of dangerous goods.

What is the related code?

International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code

Click here for the IMO IMDG page>

What is the certification required?

Document of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form

Part A-1 – Carriage of dangerous goods in solid form in bulk

imsbc-codeWhat does it cover?

The documentation, stowage and segregation requirements, and requires reporting of incidents involving such goods.

What is the related codes?

  • The International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code
  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Codeimdg-code-cover

Note that the IMSBC Code does not cover the carriage of grain in bulk.  The specific requirements for the transport of grain are covered by the International Code for the Safe Carriage of Grain in Bulk

What is the certification required?

Document of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form

Part B- Ships carrying dangerous liquid chemicals in bulk

What does it cover?

Construction and equipment

What is the related code?

International Bulk Chemical Code (IBC Code).ibccode

What is the certification required?

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk

See also the NLS certificate

Part C-ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk and gas carriersimdg-2

What does it cover?

The Construction and equipment

What is the related code?

The International Gas Carrier Code (IGC Code).igc-code

What is the certification required?

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk

Part D-packaged irradiated nuclear fuel, plutonium and high-level radioactive wastesimdg-7

What does it cover?

Special requirements for the carriage

What is the related code?

Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes on Board Ships (INF Code).

What is the certification required?

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of INF Cargo

Useful links for further information

UK MGN 340 IMDG code and cargoes carried in cargo transport units

UK MCA dangerous goods at sea M Notices

MGN 36 Carrying dangerous goods in packaged or dry form

 

 

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Voyage data recorder systems-Certificate of Compliance

wpid-wp-1442585512060.jpegVDR Certificate of Compliance

A Handy Revision Guide

Another equipment related certificate, this time to the maritime equivalent to an aircraft’s ‘Black box’. 

Why is the Certificate of Compliance required?

SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 18

“The voyage data recorder system, including all sensors, shall be subjected to an annual performance test. The test shall be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to verify the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data. In addition, tests and inspections shall be conducted to determine the serviceability of all protective enclosures and devices fitted to aid location. A copy of the certificate of compliance issued by the testing facility, stating the date of compliance and the applicable performance standards, shall be retained on board the ship.”

Click here for Chapter V on the UK MCA website>

Which ships are required to carry a VDR or S-DVR?

SOLAS Chapter V Safety of Navigation Regulation 20- Voyage Data Recordersvdrimo

Click here for the IMO website on VDRs>

VDR

  • Passenger ships
  • Ships, other than passenger ships, of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2002

S-VDR

Cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upward when engaged on international voyages, shall be fitted with a VDR which may be a simplified voyage data recorder

When must the performance test be carried out?

Annually within the following windows:

The maximum period between checks of the VDR is 15 months for Passenger vessels and 18 months for Cargo vessels.

What is contained on the certificate?vdrform

Reference  IMO MSC.1/Circ.1222

Ship’s Details

  • Ship’s Name
  • Flag
  • IMO Number
  • Date Keel laid
  • Gross Tonnage

Voyage Data Recorder Details

  • Manufacturer
  • Modelvdr2
  • System Serial Number
  • Software version number
  • Date Fitted

Inspection Details

  • Name person conducting testing
  • Company
  • Inspection Date
  • Inspection Location
    • Pre-existing Alarms
    • Power Supply Alarm Check
    • Reserve Power Source Check
    • Reserve Power Source shut down Check
    • Battery Expiry Dates
    • Acoustic Beacon Test
    • Physical Condition of Equipment Inspect Equipment and Record Condition
    • Interfaces: Operation and recording
    • Change or Repair of Sensors

Manufacturer’s Analysis

Observations and additional manufacturer’s requirements

What is a S-VDR?

A Simplified Voyage Data Recorder.This  is not required to store the same level of detailed data as a standard VDR, but nonetheless should maintain a store, in a secure and retrievable form, of information concerning the position, movement, physical status, command and control of a vessel over the period leading up to and following an incident

Items to be record on Voyage Data Recorder

Reference IMO Performance Standard (Res. A.861(20))

VDR

  • Date & time
  • Ship’s position
  • Speed (through water or over ground)
  • Heading
  • Bridge Audio
  • Comms audioimg_20160915_132855_hdr_kindlephoto-117081169.jpg
  • Radar data- post display selection
  •  Water depth
  •  Main alarms
  •  Rudder order & response
  • Engine order & response
  • Telegraphs, controls and thrusters
  •  Hull openings status
  •  Watertight & fire door status
  •  Acceleration & hull stresses- when fitted
  •  Wind speed & direction-when fitted

S-VDR

  • Date and time
  • Ship’s position m
  • Speed (Through the water or over the ground)
  •  Heading
  •  Bridge Audio
  • Communications audio  VHF communications
  • Radar data
  • AIS Data  AIS to be recorded if it is impossible to record radar data. If radar is recorded AIS may be recorded as an additional source of information

Some VDR links


GMDSS Users Handbook on Amazon

This book by Denise Bréhaut is is available in both paperback and Kindle editions, with a good discount for the electronic edition.  It has 4* reviews on Amazon , with some stating it is perfect accompaniment to the GMDSS qualifications. There have been some reviews claiming that the book is in need of an update, so have a look at the reviews, and judge which elements of the system you may have to top up your reading  with.  Click here to see the book on Amazon>

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