Tag Archives: Certification

Vessel Classification- A quick revision guide

wp-1456347039822.jpg

Some Handy Revision Notes on Classification Societies and Ship Classification

It feels like time for another pause in this blog in the stream of vessel Certification posts,  so I will dip my toe into a topic that pervades into most areas of a vessel’s documentation, ‘Class’. 

What is a classification Society?

A classification Society is a an organisation that published rules for the design, CertLRconstruction of ships. Compliance with these rules is required for obtaining insurance, P&I cover, assisting in vessel sales and obtaining finance.

That is a Commercial service and not a statutory one.

Requirements of a Classification Society

  • To Publish its own classification Rules in relation to the design
    construction and survey of ships
  • To apply, maintain and update those Rules and Regulations
  • To Verify compliance with these Rules during construction and periodically during CertBVa classed ship’s life
  • To publishes a register of classed ships
  • Is not controlled by, and does not have interests in, ship-owners, shipbuilders or others engaged commercially in the manufacture, equipping, repair or operation of ships
  • Is authorised by a Flag Administration as defined in SOLAS Chapter XI-1, Regulation 1

Who are the Classification Societies?

More than 90% of the world’s cargo carrying tonnage is covered by the classification of the twelve Member Societies of IACS,  The International Association of Classification CERTIACSSocieties.

Click here for the IACS website>

Members of the IACS

There are many other organisations offering classification services that are not part of IACS but not all of these meet all the requirements listed earlier in this post.

Listing of all classification Societies on the UK P &I club website>

What is the purpose of  ship classification?

  • To verify the structural strength and integrity of essential parts of the ship’s hull and its appendages
  • To verify the reliability and function of the propulsion and steering systems, power generation and auxiliary systems

A certificate of class states that a vessel is in compliance with the Rules of the CertABSclassification society and does not act as a warranty of safety, fitness for purpose or seaworthiness of the ship.

What are the Statutory activities of Classification Societies?

Classification Societies have moved beyond commercial assurance activity to becoming CertPolandan integral part of many flag state’s compliance with international shipping legislation. Many surveys required by SOLAS or other international conventions are now conducted by classification societies. The authority for this contained within the first chapter of SOLAS.

(a) The inspection and survey of ships, so far as regards the enforcement of the provisions of the present regulations and the granting of exemptions therefrom, shall be carried out by officers of the Administration. The Administration may, however, entrust the inspections and surveys either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations recognized by it. SOLAS Chapter 1 Regulation 6

The UK’s procedures for this delegation is referred to as Alternative Compliance Scheme (ACS). See MGN 568> 

IMO Resolution A.739(18) lays down mandatory minimum requirements for Recognized organisations (ROs). Click here to view the Resolution on the sjofartsverket website.

Guidelines for the authorization of organisations acting on behalf of the administration,

A quick history of Ship Classification

Lloyds coffee house was opened by Edward Lloyd in 1686. The shop became popular with seafarers, shipowners and merchants, and Edward Lloyd provided them with shipping news.

In 1691 the coffee shop was moved to Lombard street and the where it was continued to be used as a venue to discuss marine insurance,

The insurers developed a system for the independent technical assessment of the ships presented to them for insurance cover. This system enabled non seafaring underwriters and judge the risk that the vessels posed.

In 1760, the Lloyds Register Society was formed by the customers of the coffee house, which was followed in 1764 by production of the the Lloyds ‘Register of Shipping’.

From 1829 onwards other Societies were founded around the world replicating the work of Lloyds

In 1968 IACS was formed to establish minimum technical standards and ensures their consistent application

After that brief introduction to vessel classification this blog will soon return with another certificate.  This journey through certification is soon to reach its destination.


CertId1Cover

Part 1 of a new series of Really Handy Study guides has just been launched

A revision guide covering vessel certification; more of the series are on the way.

Advertisements
Tagged , ,

The ISPS Code- A Handy Summary

DSC00382Cropped

Following on from the last post on the International Ship Security Certificate, this post has a quick look at its associated code. 

The International Code for the Security of Ships and Port Facilities

Following terrorists attacks of  11th September 2001 the IMO agreed to the development of new measures relating to the security of ships and of port facilities; out of this agreement came the ISPS code

What makes the ISPS code mandatory?

SOLAS Chapter XI-2 , Special measures to Enhance Maritime Security

Regulation 4 Requirements for Companies and Ships

“2 Ships shall comply with the relevant requirements of this chapter and of part A of the ISPS Code, taking into account the guidance given in part B of the ISPS Code, and such compliance shall be verified and certified as provided for in part A of the ISPS Code…..”

This Code applies to the following ships on international voyages:

  • Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft;
  • Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 500 gross tonnage and upwards
  • Mobile offshore drilling units
  • Port facilities serving such ships engaged on international voyages

What does SOLAS Say about ship security and the Master’s discretion?

Regulation 8

“1 The master shall not be constrained by the Company, the charterer or any other person from taking or executing any decision which, in the professional judgement of the master, is necessary to maintain the safety and security of the ship. This includes denial of access to persons (except those identified as duly authorized by a Contracting Government) or their effects and refusal to load cargo, including containers or other closed cargo transport units.”

Contents of the ISPS code

This list of sections within the code give in an indication of the range of its requirements. The contents of sections 7, 8, 9,10, 12 and 14 are the most applicable to ships and require a Ship Security Assessment, Ship Security Plan and Ship Security officer to be in place.

  • 1 General
  • 2 Definitions
  • 3 Application
  • 4  Responsibilities of Contracting Governments
  • 5 Deceleration of Security
  • 6 Obligations of the Company
  • 7 Ship Security
  • 8 Ship Security Assessment
  • 9 Ship Security Plan
  • 10 Records
  • 11 Company Security Officer
  • 12 Ship Security Officer
  • 13 Training, Drills and exercises on Ship Security
  • 14 Port Facility Security
  • 15 Port Facility Security assessment
  • 16 Port Facility Security Plan
  • 17 Port Facility Security officer
  • 18  Training, Drills and exercises on Port Facility Security

What is covered by the ship Security Assessment (SSA) ?

  • Physical security
  • Structural integrity
  • Personnel protection systems
  • Procedural policies
  • Radio and telecommunication systems, including computer systems and networks
  • Other areas that may, if damaged or used for illicit observation, pose a risk to
    persons, property, or operations on board the ship or within a port facility

What is the Ship Security Plan (SSP)?

Ship security plan means a plan developed to ensure the application of measures on board the ship designed to protect persons on board, cargo, cargo transport units, ship’s stores or the ship from the risks of a security incident.” ISPS Code definitions

Contents of the plan

  • The organizational structure of security for the ship
  • The ship’s relationships with the Company, port facilities, other ships and relevant authorities with security responsibility
  • The communication systems to allow effective continuous communication
    within the ship and between the ship and others, including port facilities
  • The basic security measures for security level 1 that will always be in place
  • The additional security measures that will allow the ship to progress without
    delay to security level 2 and, when necessary, to security level 3
  • Procedures for regular review, or audit, of the SSP and for its amendment in response to experience or changing circumstances
  • The reporting procedures to the appropriate Contracting Governments contact points

What are the Security Levels?

These are set by Governments based on the security threat. Each threat level will have a corresponding series of security measures within the Ship and Port Security plans.

  • Security level 1 means the level for which minimum appropriate protective
    security measures shall be maintained at all times.
  • Security level 2 means the level for which appropriate additional protective
    security measures shall be maintained for a period of time as a result of
    heightened risk of a security incident.
  • Security level 3 means the level for which further specific protective security
    measures shall be maintained for a limited period of time when a security incident
    is probable or imminent, although it may not be possible to identify the specific
    target.

What nominated personal are required by ISPS?

The Company Security Officer (CSO) is responsible for ensuring that a Ship Security
Assessment (SSA) is carried out for each of the ships in the Company’s fleet.

Ship Security Officer (SSO) means the person on board the ship, accountable to the
master, designated by the Company as responsible for the security of the ship.

Port Facility Security Officer (PFSO)means the person designated as responsible for the development, implementation, revision and maintenance of the port facility
security plan and for liaison with the ship security officers and company security
officers.


 

Some Related Revision Guides

CertId1Cover wp-1448917864372.jpeg


Tagged , ,

The International Ship Security Certificate- A handy guide

DSC00373

This series of posts has to take a round turn now, to go back and explore an important certificate by-passed earlier on.  

The ISSC- Improving security

Why is it required?

  • The International code for the Security of Ships and of port facilities (ISPS code).
  • SOLAS chapter XI-2

Click here for the IMO ISPS web page>

What is contained on the Certificate?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of registry
  • Type of ship
  • Gross tonnage
  • Date of initial / renewal verification on which this certificate is basedISPS Cert format

What does it Certify?

  • That the security system and any associated security equipment of the ship has been verified in accordance with section 19.1 of part A of the ISPS Code
  • That the verification showed that the security system and any associated security
    equipment of the ship is in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the applicable requirements of chapter XI-2 of SOLAS and part A of the ISPS Code
  • That the ship is provided with an approved Ship Security Plan

What are the survey requirements?

The certificate is subject to Verifications rather than surveys. These verifications are to ensure that the security system and any associated security equipment of the ship fully complies with the applicable requirements of the Code, is in satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the ship is intended.

Verification types

Initial verification before the ship is put in service or before the certificate
is issued for the first time.

Renewal verification at intervals specified by the Administration, but not
exceeding five years.

At least one intermediate verification. If only one intermediate verification is
carried out it shall take place between the second and third anniversary date of the
certificate

A Definition

“Ship security plan means a plan developed to ensure the application of measures
on board the ship designed to protect persons on board, cargo, cargo transport
units, ship’s stores or the ship from the risks of a security incident.” ISPS code

Which vessels require an International Ship Security Certificate?

The following types of ships engaged on international voyages:

  • Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft
  • Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 500 gross tonnage and upwards
  • Mobile offshore drilling units;

Note the code also applies to port facilities serving such ships engaged on international voyages. Flag states and regional areas may extend this list to include additional types of vessels.

When does the Certificate become invalid?

  • If the relevant verifications are not completed within the specified periods
  • When a Company assumes the responsibility for the operation of a ship not previously operated by that Company
  • When the vessel is transferred to the flag of another State

Other associated Certificates

Interim International Ship Security Certificate

This is a temporary certificate issued for a period of no more than 6 months that allows a vessel to sail without its full International Ship Security Certificate.

When is it issued?

  • When a ship is without a certificate, on delivery or before its entry or re-entry into service
  • When a ship is transferring flags between Governments
  • When a a ship changes ownership

What must be verified before an Interim Certificate can be issued?

  • That the ship security assessment has been completed
  • That a  copy of the ship security plan meeting the requirements of the Code is provided on board, has been submitted for review and approval, and is being implemented on the ship
  • That he ship is provided with a ship security alert system if required,
  • That the company security officer has ensured:
    • The review of the ship security plan for compliance with the
      the Code
    • That the plan has been submitted for approval
    • That the plan is being implemented on the ship
    • That they have established the necessary arrangements, including
      drills, exercises and internal audits, through which the company security
      officer is satisfied that the ship will successfully complete the required
      verification within 6 months
    • Arrangements have been made for carrying out the required verifications
    • The master, the ship’s security officer and other personnel with security duties are familiar with their duties and responsibilities and within the ship security plan placed on board
    • These personnel  have been provided such information in the working language of the ship’s personnel or languages understood by them
  • The ship security officer meets the requirements of this Part of the Code

Declaration of Security

This is declaration completed by the vessel and a port for a specific period stating the security requirements and allocation of responsibilities. Such declarations are required only in certain circumstances, its detail will be covered in a later post.

Sources of Information

This Handy Revision guide has just been published for Kindle. The first in a new series of revision aids covering the topic of ship certification.

 

Click here to see on Amazon>

Tagged , , ,

Document of Authorization to Carry Grain- A Handy Guide

This blog has already covered two cargo related certificates within earlier sections:

Now it will carry on to explore some certificates specific to certain cargoes, starting with grain.

FoweyCoaster

Carrying grain safely

The requirement for grain specific documentation arises from the safety risk arising from grain’s characteristics.  Grain settles about 2% of volume, a settling which causes small voids to open up near the surface that allow the grain to shift. This free flowing of the can greatly  reduce the stability of the vessel, making grain one of the most dangerous cargoes.

Why must a ship carry a Document of Authourisation to Carry Grain?

It is required by SOLAS  Chapter VI Safety of Cargoes.

Regulation 9 – Requirements for Cargo Ships Carrying Grain

“1 In addition to any other applicable requirements of the present regulations, a cargo ship carrying grain shall comply with the requirements of the International Grain Code, and hold a document of authorization as required by that Code. For the purpose of this regulation, the requirements of the Code shall be treated as mandatory.

2 A ship without such a document shall not load grain until the master satisfies the Administration, or the Contracting Government of the port of loading on behalf of the Administration, that the ship will comply with the requirements of the International Grain Code in its proposed loaded condition.”

What code must a grain carrying ship conform to?

The international code for the safe carriage of grain in bulk, this is normally referred to GrainCodeas ‘The Grain Code’ .

What is grain?

Grain Code 2 Definitions

2.1. The term grain covers wheat, maize (corn), oats, rye, barley, rice, pulses, seeds and processed forms thereof, whose behaviour is similar to that of grain in its natural state

1.1. This Code applies to ships regardless of size, including those of less than 500 tons gross tonnage, engaged in the carriage of grain in bulk, to which part C of chapter VI of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, as amended, applies.

What does the Document of authorization signify

It is evidence that the ship is capable of complying with the requirements of the grain code.

A ship without such a document of authorization shall not load grain until the master demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Administration, or of the Contracting Government of the port of loading acting on behalf of the Administration, that, in its loaded condition for the intended voyage, the ship complies with the requirements of the code.

Where must the document be held?

The document shall accompany or be incorporated into the grain loading manual.

Click here for the IMO Grain Code page>

What is shown on the Document?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of Registry
  • IMO number
  • A statement that the ship is capable of complying with the requirements of the International Grain Code in accordance with the approved grain loading stability information booklet.

When can a ship load without a document of authorization?

When:

  • The total weight of the bulk grain shall not exceed one third of the deadweight of the ship
  • All filled compartments, trimmed, shall be fitted with centreline divisions extending, for the full length of such compartments, downwards from the underside of the deck or hatch covers to a distance below the deck line of at least one eighth of the maximum breadth of the compartment or 2.4 m, whichever is the greater, except that saucers  may be accepted in lieu of a centreline division in and beneath a hatchway except in the case of linseed and other seeds having similar properties;
  • All hatches to filled compartments, trimmed, shall be closed and covers secured in place
  • All free grain surfaces in partly filled cargo space shall be trimmed level and secured
  • Throughout the voyage the metacentric height after correction for the free surface effects of liquids in tanks shall be 0.3 m or that given by a formula given in the grain code
     
Tagged , , , ,

The International Certificate for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk- A quick guide

igc-code-wide

This post  continues the Gas Carrier theme of the last posting. The certificate is a bit of a complex document, therefore so is this post. 

Information about this certificate is available in the IMO circular MSC 370 (93)

The Internationaligc-code Certificate for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk  is carried by ships complying with the IGC code. For older ships complying with the GC code, then the Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk is required instead. See my last post for a summary of those codes.

For the IMO web page on the IGC code click here>

Why is the Certificate required?

To comply with the International Code for the Construction and equipment of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk. (IGC code)

Which ships require the certificate?

Ships built after July 2016, regardless of their size, engaged in the carriage of liquefied gases having a vapour pressure exceeding 0.28 MPa absolute at a temperature of 37.8°C and other products, as shown in chapter 19 of the IGC code, when carried in bulk.

Note: The Code applies to ships whose keels are laid, or which are at a similar stage of construction where:

  • Construction identifiable with the ship begins

and

  • Assembly of that ship has commenced, comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1% of the estimated mass of all structural material, whichever is less, on or after 1 July 2016.

What Surveys are required?

  • An initial survey before the ship is put in service or before the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk is issued for the first time
  • A renewal survey at intervals specified by the Administration, but not exceeding five years
  • An intermediate survey within three months before or after the second anniversary date, or within three months before or after the third anniversary date of the certificate, which shall take the place of one of the annual surveys
  • An annual survey within three months before or after each anniversary date of the certificate

Note: This certificate is part of the  the Harmonised System of Survey and Certification (HSSC), and therefore theses periods are common with many other certificates.

 

What information is contained on the certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • IMO number
    • Port of registry
  • Cargo capacity (m3)
  • Ship type
  • Date on which keel was laid or on which the ship was at a similar stage of construction or, in the case of a converted ship, date on which conversion to a gas carrier was commenced
  • Compliance with amendments of the code
  • Exemptions from provisions of the Code

What does it certify?

  • That the ship has been surveyed in accordance with the provisions of section 1.4 of the Code
  • That the survey showed that the construction and equipment of the ship and the condition thereof are in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the relevant provisions of the Code
  • That the following design criteria have been used:
    • Ambient air temperature
    • Ambient water temperature
    • Table of tank types/stress factors/Materials/MARVS
certgastable1

Tables from IMO MSC.370(93)

  • That the ship is suitable for the carriage in bulk of the following products provided that all the relevant operational provisions of the Code are observed

    Table of Products, Conditions of carriage  (tank numbers, etc.), Minimum certsgastable2temperature

  • Modifications of  provisions of the Code in respect of the ship
  • That the ship shall be loaded:
    • Only in accordance with loading conditions verified compliant with intact and damage stability requirements using the approved stability instrument
    • Where a dispensation permitted by the Code applies and the approved stability instrument is not fitted, loading shall be made in accordance with one or more of the following approved methods:
      • In accordance with the loading conditions provided in the approved loading manual
      • In accordance with loading conditions verified remotely using approved means
      • In accordance with a loading condition which lies within an approved range of conditions defined in the approved loading manual referred to above
      • In accordance with a loading condition verified using approved critical KG/GM data defined in the approved loading manual
    • In accordance with the loading limitations appended to this Certificate
  • Validity of certificate
  • Annual and intermediate survey endorsements

Note: Where it is required to load the ship other than in accordance with the instructions on the certificate, then the necessary calculations to justify the proposed loading conditions shall be sent to the certifying Administration who may authorise  the proposed loading condition.


Attachment 1 To the international certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk

This is a continuation list of products to those specified in paragraph 4 of the certificate, and their conditions of carriage. This is an addition to the table of products contained within the main certificate.

certgascertattach1crop


Attachment 2 To the international certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk

This  attachment contains a tank plan.

:certsgascertattach2crop


Addendum to the International Certificate of fitness for the carriage of  liquefied gases in bulk

What is an addendum to the certificate?

This is a document is issued where it is proposed to carry products that may be considered to come within the scope of this Code that are not designated in chapter 19 of the code.

When this occurs, the Administration and the port Administrations involved in such carriage shall establish a Tripartite Agreement based on a provisional assessment and lay down preliminary  conditions of carriage based on the principles of the Code.

What is contained on the addendum?

A table of ship information

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive
  • Number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Port of registry
  • Cargo capacity (m3)
  • Ship type

A statement that the ship meets the requirements for the carriage in bulk products listed in a table, provided that all relevant operational provisions of the Code are observed.

The table contains:

  • Product
  • Conditions of carriage (tank numbers, etc.)
  • Minimum temperature
  • MARVS

A statement of  the countries between which carriage is permitted.

The name of the document on which the addendum is based.

Dates

  • Validity of the Tripartite Agreement for the product
  • Expiry date of the addendum
  • Place and date of issue:

Ship types

The ship type stated on the certificate is one of the standards stated in the IGS code, each standard has a key word signifying the scale of measures required.

  • Type 1G ship is a gas carrier intended to transport the products that require maximum preventive measures to preclude their escape.
  • Type 2G ship is a gas carrier intended to transport the products require significant preventive measures to preclude their escape.
  • Type 2PG ship is a gas carrier of 150 m in length or less intended to
    transport the products that require significant preventive measures to preclude their escape, and where the products are carried in type C independent tanks designed for a MARVS of at least 0.7 MPa gauge and a cargo containment system design
    temperature of -55°C or above.
  • Type 3G ship is a gas carrier intended to carry the products indicated in  that require moderate preventive measures to preclude their escape.

 


Additional documentation

In addition to the certificates and its associated attachments the following documents will be required to be held on board a gas carrier.

 

 

Cargo system operation manuals

The ship shall be provided with approved copies of suitably detailed cargo system operation manuals  such that trained personnel can safely operate the ship with due regard to the hazards and properties of the cargoes that are permitted to be carried.

Cargo information data sheet(s)

Information shall be on board and available to all concerned in the form of a cargo information data sheet(s) giving the necessary data for the safe carriage of cargo.

Loading and Stability Information booklet

A booklet containing details of typical service conditions, loading, unloading and ballasting operations, provisions for evaluating other conditions of loading and a summary of the ship’s survival capabilities. The booklet shall also contain sufficient information to enable the master to load and operate the ship in a safe and seaworthy manner.

Important Note

Before any gas cargo is loaded The master shall ascertain that the quantity and characteristics of each product to be loaded are within the limits indicated in the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk and in the Loading and Stability Information booklet, and that products are listed in the International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk.


This post was a bit of an extended one, thanks to the complexity of the certification.  Hopefully the next certificate to explore will be a bit more compact!

 

 

Tagged , ,

Voyage data recorder systems-Certificate of Compliance

wpid-wp-1442585512060.jpegVDR Certificate of Compliance

A Handy Revision Guide

Another equipment related certificate, this time to the maritime equivalent to an aircraft’s ‘Black box’. 

Why is the Certificate of Compliance required?

SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 18

“The voyage data recorder system, including all sensors, shall be subjected to an annual performance test. The test shall be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to verify the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data. In addition, tests and inspections shall be conducted to determine the serviceability of all protective enclosures and devices fitted to aid location. A copy of the certificate of compliance issued by the testing facility, stating the date of compliance and the applicable performance standards, shall be retained on board the ship.”

Click here for Chapter V on the UK MCA website>

Which ships are required to carry a VDR or S-DVR?

SOLAS Chapter V Safety of Navigation Regulation 20- Voyage Data Recordersvdrimo

Click here for the IMO website on VDRs>

VDR

  • Passenger ships
  • Ships, other than passenger ships, of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2002

S-VDR

Cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upward when engaged on international voyages, shall be fitted with a VDR which may be a simplified voyage data recorder

When must the performance test be carried out?

Annually within the following windows:

The maximum period between checks of the VDR is 15 months for Passenger vessels and 18 months for Cargo vessels.

What is contained on the certificate?vdrform

Reference  IMO MSC.1/Circ.1222

Ship’s Details

  • Ship’s Name
  • Flag
  • IMO Number
  • Date Keel laid
  • Gross Tonnage

Voyage Data Recorder Details

  • Manufacturer
  • Modelvdr2
  • System Serial Number
  • Software version number
  • Date Fitted

Inspection Details

  • Name person conducting testing
  • Company
  • Inspection Date
  • Inspection Location
    • Pre-existing Alarms
    • Power Supply Alarm Check
    • Reserve Power Source Check
    • Reserve Power Source shut down Check
    • Battery Expiry Dates
    • Acoustic Beacon Test
    • Physical Condition of Equipment Inspect Equipment and Record Condition
    • Interfaces: Operation and recording
    • Change or Repair of Sensors

Manufacturer’s Analysis

Observations and additional manufacturer’s requirements

What is a S-VDR?

A Simplified Voyage Data Recorder.This  is not required to store the same level of detailed data as a standard VDR, but nonetheless should maintain a store, in a secure and retrievable form, of information concerning the position, movement, physical status, command and control of a vessel over the period leading up to and following an incident

Items to be record on Voyage Data Recorder

Reference IMO Performance Standard (Res. A.861(20))

VDR

  • Date & time
  • Ship’s position
  • Speed (through water or over ground)
  • Heading
  • Bridge Audio
  • Comms audioimg_20160915_132855_hdr_kindlephoto-117081169.jpg
  • Radar data- post display selection
  •  Water depth
  •  Main alarms
  •  Rudder order & response
  • Engine order & response
  • Telegraphs, controls and thrusters
  •  Hull openings status
  •  Watertight & fire door status
  •  Acceleration & hull stresses- when fitted
  •  Wind speed & direction-when fitted

S-VDR

  • Date and time
  • Ship’s position m
  • Speed (Through the water or over the ground)
  •  Heading
  •  Bridge Audio
  • Communications audio  VHF communications
  • Radar data
  • AIS Data  AIS to be recorded if it is impossible to record radar data. If radar is recorded AIS may be recorded as an additional source of information

Some VDR links


GMDSS Users Handbook on Amazon

This book by Denise Bréhaut is is available in both paperback and Kindle editions, with a good discount for the electronic edition.  It has 4* reviews on Amazon , with some stating it is perfect accompaniment to the GMDSS qualifications. There have been some reviews claiming that the book is in need of an update, so have a look at the reviews, and judge which elements of the system you may have to top up your reading  with.  Click here to see the book on Amazon>

Tagged , , , , , ,

LRIT- Conformance Test Report

wpid-wp-1438103199200.jpegLong-Range Identification and Tracking

A revision guide to the Conformance Test Report

Filling the certification gaps in these posts with another communications equipment related document.

What is LRIT?

Long-Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) system, a system that enables the global identification and tracking of ships using existing  GMDSS equipment on board (INMARSAT-C).

A ship’s LRIT equipment must transmit position reports at 6-hour intervals unless a more frequent interval is requested remotely by an LRIT Data Center.

 

Click here for the IMO webpage on LRIT>

Why is the report required?

It us required under SOLAS chapter V Regulation 19.

Click here for the UK MCA copy of chapter V>

Which ships are required to carry LRIT?

The following ships engaged on international voyages:

  • Passenger ships
  • Cargo ships of 300 gross tonnage and upwards
  • Mobile offshore drilling units

How often must a vessel have a LRIT Conformance Test?

The LRIT conformance test certificate has no expiry date as long as the equipment remains the same. A retest may be required when:

  • A vessel changes or upgrades the LRIT equipment
  • A vessel changes flags

Note: ships shall automatically transmit the following long-range identification and tracking information:

  • The identity of the ship
  • The position of the ship
  • The date and time of the position provided.

What information is contained on the Conformance Test Report?

Ref: MSC.1/Circ.1307

  • Name of ship
  • Port of Registry
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Maritime Mobile Service Identifier
  • Gross Tonnage
  • Sea areas in which the ship is certified to operate
  • Sea areas for which this report is valid
  • Application Service Provider conducting the test
  • Details of the shipborne equipment used to transmit LRIT information (e.g., maker model, serial number and shipborne equipment identifier)

What does the report certify?

  • That the equipment has been found to meet the requirement of the provision of regulations V/19-1.6 and V/19-1.7
  • Is of a type approved by the Administration and meets the required performance standards
  • Has undergone conformance testing in accordance with the procedures and provisions set out in MSC.1/Circ.1307, and has shown that it can operate within the tolerances of the acceptance criteria stated in the circular.

 

Where to find more information on LRIT

UK MCA MGN 441 Changes to MCA’s 2002 SOLAS V Publication, Arising out of Amendments to SOLAS Chapter V>.

 

 

USCG LRIT frequently asked questions>

 

Tagged , , ,

International Ballast Water Management Certificate- A handy guide

Controlling the spread of invasive species

Enters into force on 8 September 2017

aquariamcircleedited

“The spread of invasive species is now recognized as one of the greatest threats to the ecological and the economic well being of the planet.” IMO website

Bringing up the rear of this section on ship certification posts is the newest of the the documents. It has been a long time in development and ratification, but at last is now entering force in September of 2017.

Why is an International Ballast Water Management Certificate required?

It will be required under the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships‘ Ballast Water and Sediments.

Two suggested links:

Two definitions from the Convention:

Ballast Water “ means water with its suspended matter taken on board a ship to control trim, list, draught, stability or stresses of the ship.

Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens “ means aquatic organisms or pathogens which,  if introduced into the sea including estuaries, or into fresh water courses, may create hazards to the environment, human health, property or resources, impair biological diversity or interfere with other legitimate uses of such areas.

Which ships require the certificate

Ships of 400 gross tonnage and above.

What information is contained on an International Ballast Water Management Certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • Port of registry
    • Gross Tonnage
    • IMO number
    • Date of Construction
  • Ballast information
    • Ballast Water Capacity (in cubic metres)
    • Details of Ballast Water Management Method(s) Used
    • Method of Ballast Water Management used
    • Date installed (if applicable)
    • Name of manufacturer (if applicable)
    • The principal Ballast Water Management method(s) employed on this ship is/are:
      • In accordance with regulation D-1
      • In accordance with regulation D-2
      • The ship is subject to regulation D-4
  • Validity
  • Certificate is validity
  • Survey dates
  • Issued

What Surveys are required?

Reference Regulation E-1 Surveys

Ships of 400 gross tonnage and above to which this Convention applies, excluding floating platforms, FSUs and FPSOs:

An initial survey before the ship is put in service or before the Certificate is issued for the first time.

An intermediate survey within three months before or after the second Anniversary date or within three months before or after the third Anniversary date of the Certificate

An annual survey within three months before or after each Anniversary date

An additional survey either general or partial,after a change, replacement, or significant repair of the structure, equipment, systems, fittings, arrangements and material necessary to achieve full compliance with this Convention

What inspections may be carried out?

  • In a port or offshore terminal of another inspections to determine whether the ship is in compliance with this Convention. This inspection will normally be limited to:
  • Verifying that there is onboard a valid Certificate
  • Inspection of the Ballast Water record book
  • A sampling of the ship‘s Ballast Water. However, the time required to analyse the samples shall not be used as a basis for unduly delaying the operation, movement or departure of the ship.

What ballast water standards must be met?

After 8th September ships must comply with one of the following. D1 can only be used up to the renewal of the IOPP certificate. See IMO  Resolution  A1.088(28) for more information.

Regulation D-1 Ballast Water Exchange Standard
This requires Ballast Water exchange  with an efficiency of at least 95 percent volumetric exchange of Ballast Water. For ships exchanging Ballast Water by the pumping-through method, pumping through three times the volume of each Ballast Water tank shall be considered to meet the standard

Regulation D-2 Ballast Water Performance Standard

This sets standards according to the number of  viable organisms per cubic metre.  The standard also states what microbes must be included in the test as indicators.

 

Regulation D-4 fives a five year exemption to Prototype Ballast Water Treatment Technologies.

What documents must be carried with the certificate?

 

Each ship shall have on board and implement a Ballast Water Management plan. Such a plan shall be approved by the Administration

Each ship shall have on board a Ballast Water record book that may be an electronic record system, or that may be integrated into another record book or system.

 

Some useful Ballast water links


Click here for information on the Really Handy Books revision aids for mariners>

 

 

Tagged , , , , ,

The International Anti-fouling certificate -A handy guide

Removing Organotin from the seas

aquariamcircleedited

This exploration of ship certification is on its final stages of pollution related documentation. The last two certificates do not get their power from MARPOL however, but instead from two stand alone conventions. The first of these is aimed at reducing the damage caused by anti-fouling paint.

Why is the The International Anti-fouling certificate required?

It is required by The International Convention of the control of anti-fouling systems on ships, 2001.

Click here for the IMO page on the anti-fouling convention>

“Anti-fouling system means a coating, paint, surface treatment, surface, or device that is used on a ship to control or prevent attachment of unwanted organisms.”

What does that convention require?

That ships shall not apply or re-apply Organotin compounds which act as biocides and that that ships either:

  • Shall not bear such compounds on their hulls or external parts or surfaces; or
  • Shall bear a coating that forms a barrier to such compounds leaching from the underlying non-compliant anti-fouling systems

See table in antifoultableMGN 398 for implementation dates.

What ships are requires to carry the certificate?

Ships of 400 GT or above

Ships of less than 400 GT but of 24 metres or more in length must carry a Declaration and appropriate documentation such  a paint receipt or contractor’s invoice.

caribillemillnarrow

What does it certify?

That the ship has been surveyed in accordance with regulation 1 of Annex 4 to the International Convention of the control of anti-fouling systems on ships.

The survey shows that the anti-fouling system on the ship complies with the applicable requirements of Annex 1 to the Convention.

The certificate will contain a statement that an anti-fouling system controlled under Annex 1 has not been applied during or after construction of this ship, or if the ship had a controlled anti fouling system prior to the introduction of the convention the certificate will state:

  • When an anti-fouling system controlled under Annex 1 has been removed,or
  • When an anti-fouling system controlled under Annex 1 has covered with a sealer coat, or
  • When anti-fouling system controlled under Annex 1 must be removed or covered with a sealer coat prior to date

What other information is shown on the Certificate?

Particulars of ship

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of registry
  • Gross tonnage
  • IMO number

What are the survey requirements?

An Initial Survey followed by subsequent survey when the anti-fouling system is changed or replaced. There is no regular survey requirement.

What document should accompany the International Anti-fouling certificate?

A Record of Anti-fouling Systems.

Record of Anti-fouling systems

This Record shall be permanently attached to the International Anti-Fouling System Certificate.

What information is shown on the record?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • IMO number
  • Details of anti-fouling system(s) applied
    • Type(s) of anti-fouling system(s) used
    • Date(s) of application of anti-fouling system(s)
    • Name(s) of company(ies) and facility(ies)/location(s) where applied
    • Name(s) of anti-fouling system manufacturer(s)
    • Name(s) and colour(s) of anti-fouling system(s)
    • Active ingredient(s) and their Chemical Abstract Services Registry Number(s) (CAS number(s))
    • Type(s) of sealer coat, if applicable
    • Name(s) and colour(s) of sealer coat applied, if applicable
    • Date of application of sealer coat

Note:  A CAS Registry Number,  is a unique numerical identifier assigned by Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) to every chemical substance described in the open scientific literature. Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) is a division of the American Chemical Society. Click here for their website>

Deceleration on anti-fouling system

This is required to be carried by Ships of less than 400 GT but of 24 metres or more in length. Such a vessel must also carry appropriate documentation such  a paint receipt or contractor’s invoice.

Contents of a deceleration

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of registry
  • Length
  • Gross tonnage
  • IMO number (if applicable)

A statement that: I declare that the anti-fouling system used on this ship complies with Annex 1 of the Convention.

Useful links on anti-fouling

UK MGN 398 Merchant shipping anti-fouling system regulations 2009

UK guidance for Surveyors

Some notes on anti-fouling paint

Organotin compounds or stannanes are chemical compounds based on tin with hydrocarbon substituents. Depending on the organic groups, they can be powerful bactericides and fungicides.

Studies have shown that these compounds persist in the water, harming the environment and possibly entering the food chain.  Organotin tributylin (TBT), which has been proven to cause deformations in oysters and sex changes in whelks.

Tagged , , , ,

Engine International air pollution prevention Certificate-A Handy Guide

wp-1481562626266.jpg

The EIAPP- Certifying the engines

The last two posts in this series covered certificates that are concerned with reducing air pollution from a ship, this post delves deeper into the subject by considering reducing pollution from individual diesel engines.

What is the EIAPP Certificate?

It is the Engine International air pollution prevention Certificate. It is a certificate issued for a marine diesel engine. The EIAPP Certificate shall accompany the engine throughout its life and shall be available on board the ship at all times.

Why is an EIAPP required?

It is required by Technical Code on Control of Emission of Nitrogen Oxides from Marine Diesel Engines made mandatory by Annex VI of MARPOL.

Which engines require an EIAPP?

  • Eac
  • h marine diesel engine with a power output of more than 130 kW installed on a ship
  • Each marine diesel engine with a power output of more than 130 kW which undergoes a major conversion on or after 1 January 2000 except when demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Administration that such engine is an identical replacement to the engine which it is replacing.

The following engines do not require an EIAPP

  • A diesel engine intended to be used solely for emergencies, or solely to power any device or equipment intended to be used solely for emergencies on the ship on which it is installed
  • A marine diesel engine installed in lifeboats intended to be used solely for emergencies
  • A marine diesel engine installed on a ship solely engaged in voyages within waters subject to the sovereignty or jurisdiction of the State the flag of which the ship is entitled to fly, provided that such engine is subject to an alternative NOx control measure established by the Administration

What does the EIAPP certify?

That a marine diesel engine has been surveyed for pre-certification in accordance with the requirements of the revised Technical Code on Control of Emission of Nitrogen Oxides.

That the pre-certification survey shows that the engine, its components, adjustable features, and Technical File, prior to the engine’s installation and/or service on board a ship, fully comply with the applicable regulation 13 of Annex VI of MARPOL.

How long is an EIAPP valid?

For the life of the engine subject to surveys in accordance with regulation 5 of Annex VI of the Convention.

What information is contained on the EIAPP Certificate?

The certificate contains a table with the following headings

  • Engine
  • Manufacturer
  • Model number
  • Serial number
  • Test cycle(s)
  • Rated power (kW) and speed (RPM)
  • Engine approval number

What document must be attached to the EIAPP?

The Supplement to engine international air pollution prevention certificate.

The Supplement to engine international air pollution prevention certificate 

This documents full name is the ‘Record of construction, technical file and means of verification supplement to the engine international air pollution prevention certificate (EIAPP Certificate)’.

The Record and its attachments shall be permanently attached to the EIAPP Certificate.

What Sections does the record contain?

  • Particulars of the technical file
  • Particulars of the engine
  • Specifications for the on-board NOx verification procedures for the engine parameter survey

What Particulars of the technical file are recorded?

  • Technical File identification/approval number
  • Technical File approval date

What Particulars of the engine are recorded?

  • Name and address of manufacturer
  • Place of engine build
  • Date of engine build
  • Place of pre-certification survey
  • Date of pre-certification survey
  • Engine type and model number
  • Engine serial number
  • If applicable, engine group details.
  • Approval reference
  • Rated power (kW) and rated speed (rpm) values or ranges
  • Test cycle(s)
  • Parent Engine(s) test fuel oil specification
  • Applicable NOx emission limit (g/kWh
  • Parent Engine(s) emission value (g/kWh)

What Specifications for the on-board NOx verification procedures for the engine parameter survey are contained?

  • Engine Parameter Check method:
    • Identification/approval number
    • Approval date
  • Direct Measurement and Monitoring method:
    • Identification/approval number
    • Approval date

What additional document must always accompany an engine?

The Technical File as required by chapter 2 of the NO x Technical Code, must always accompany an engine throughout its life and always be available on board a ship. It forms an integral part of the EAIPP certification.

With this EIAPP post the subject of air pollution certification is completed, to clarify the variety of certification involved here is the three key pieces of documentation required to proved compliance with MARPOL Annex VI

For the Really Handy Range of Revision Books-Click here>

Tagged , , , , ,