Tag Archives: merchant navy

The Maritime Conventions

dscf3338SOLAS, MARPOL and beyond

A Handy Revision Guide to the Conventions

Throughout this series of posts on Ship Certification various International Conventions have often been referred to. Therefore this is good time to create a summary of the the Key conventions.  To keep things simple, I have ordered and categorised them in the same manner as the certification posts.

The IMO conventions

The majority of the conventions, but not all, are produced by the IMO.

Identifying the ship


United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)     

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982

“The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea lays down a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world’s oceans and seas establishing rules governing all uses of the oceans and their resources. It enshrines the notion that all problems of ocean space are closely interrelated and need to be addressed as a whole.”

The issues covered by the Convention include:

  • Territorial seas
  • Innocent passage
  • Transit passage through straits
  • Exclusive economic zones  (EEZ)
  • Continental shelf exploitation
  • Freedoms of the high sea
  • Marine pollution responsibilities
  • Disputes

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention.

Defining the shipwpid-wp-1437630402998.jpeg

International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969 (Tonnage Convention)

This Convention introduced an universal tonnage measurement system. The Convention provides for gross and net tonnages, both of which are calculated independently.

Gross tonnage and net tonnage

The Convention meant a transition from the traditionally used terms gross register tons (grt) and net register tons (nrt) to gross tonnage(GT) and net tonnage (NT).

Some definitions from the Convention

“(4) “gross tonnage” means the measure of the overall size of a ship determined in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention;

(5) “net tonnage” means the measure of the useful capacity of a ship determined in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention;”

International Convention on Load Lines, 1966, as Loadlinesmodified by the 1988 Protocol relating thereto, as amended (Load Lines Convention)

“It has long been recognized that limitations on the draught to which a ship may be loaded make a significant contribution to her safety. These limits are given in the form of freeboards, which constitute, besides external weathertight and watertight integrity, the main objective of the Convention.” IMO website

Contents of the convention

Annex I

  • Chapter I – General
  • Chapter II – Conditions of assignment of freeboard
  • Chapter III – Freeboards
  • Chapter IV – Special requirements for ships assigned timber freeboards

Annex II covers Zones, areas and seasonal periods

Annex III contains certificates, including the International Load Line Certificate

Managing the vessel

The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certificationwpid-157765645208.jpg
and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), 1978

International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers entered into force in 1984. The main purpose of the Convention is to promote safety of life and property at sea and the protection of the marine environment by establishing in common agreement international standards of training, certification and watchkeeping for seafarers.

The Manila amendments to the STCW Convention and Code were adopted on 25 June 2010, marking a major revision of the STCW Convention and Code.

The STCW regulations are supported by sections by the STCW Code. The Convention contains basic requirements which are then enlarged upon and explained in the Code.

Part A of the Code is mandatory. The minimum standards of competence required for seagoing personnel are given in detail in a series of tables.

Part B of the Code contains recommended guidance which is intended to help implement the Convention.

ILO Maritime Labour Convention, (MLC 2006) – As amended by the 2014DSCF3260 Amendment (MLC)

The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (“MLC, 2006”) establishes minimum working and living standards for all seafarers working on ships flying the flags of ratifying countries. It is widely known as the “seafarers’ bill of rights,”

The convention is an international labour Convention adopted by the International Labour Organization (ILO).

Keeping the ship safe

The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974img_20151119_111728.jpg

“The SOLAS Convention in its successive forms is generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships. The first version was adopted in 1914, in response to the Titanic disaster, the second in 1929, the third in 1948, and the fourth in 1960. The 1974 version includes the tacit acceptance procedure – which provides that an amendment shall enter into force on a specified date unless, before that date, objections to the amendment are received from an agreed number of Parties.” IMO Website

The 1974 Convention has been updated and amended on numerous occasions. The Convention in force today is sometimes referred to as SOLAS, 1974, as amended.

Keeping the seas clean

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from wpid-10152154002370209.jpgShips, 1973 (MARPOL)

MARPOL is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.

The MARPOL Convention was adopted on 2 November 1973 at IMO.  MARPOL has been updated by amendments over the years.

The convention currently includes six technical Annexes.

International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 (BWM Convention)aquariamcircleedited

The Convention aims to prevent, minimize and ultimately eliminate the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens through the control and management of ships’ ballast water and sediments. It enters into force on 8 September 2017.

Under the Convention, all ships in international traffic are required to manage their ballast water and sediments to a certain standard, according to a ship-specific ballast water management plan. All ships will also have to carry a ballast water record book and an international ballast water management certificate.

International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-Fouling Systems on Ships, 2001 (AFS Convention)

The Convention prohibits the use of harmful organotins in anti-fouling paints used on ships and establishes a mechanism to prevent the potential future use of other harmful substances in anti-fouling systems.

Annex I of the Convention states that all ships shall not apply or re-apply organotins compounds which act as biocides in anti-fouling systems.

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001 (Bunkers Convention)

The Convention was adopted to ensure that adequate, prompt, and effective compensation is available to persons who suffer damage caused by spills of oil, when carried as fuel in ships’ bunkers

International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992 (CLC Convention)

The Convention covers those who suffer oil pollution damage resulting from maritime casualties involving oil-carrying ships. The Convention places the liability for such damage on the owner of the ship from which the polluting oil escaped or was discharged.

The Convention applies to seagoing vessels carrying oil in bulk as cargo, but only ships carrying more than 2,000 tons of oil are required to maintain insurance in respect of oil pollution damage.

Other Conventions

Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 (COLREGs)

The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009caribillemillnarrow

The Hong Kong Convention is aimed at ensuring that ships, when being recycled after reaching the end of their operational lives, do not pose any unnecessary risk to human health and safety or to the environment.

Its regulations cover:

  • The design, construction, operation and preparation of ships so as to facilitate safe and environmentally sound recycling
  • The operation of ship recycling facilities in a safe and environmentally sound manner
  • The establishment of an appropriate enforcement mechanism for ship recycling, incorporating certification and reporting requirements

Ships to be sent for recycling will be required to carry an inventory of hazardous materials, which will be specific to each ship.

International Convention on Salvage

The Convention replaced the 1910 convention on the law of salvage which incorporated the “‘no cure, no pay” principle. The 1989 Convention added a provision for an enhanced salvage award taking into account the skill and efforts of the salvors in preventing or minimizing damage to the environment.

International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)

The 1979 Convention was aimed at developing an international SAR plan, so that, no matter where an accident occurs, the rescue of persons in distress at sea will be co-ordinated by a SAR organization and, when necessary, by co-operation between neighbouring SAR organizations.

As this series on Certification  draws to a close this post will no doubt be ‘tweaked’ and expanded, and may form the basis of its own page on spawn more pots….maybe. Meanwhile the next certificate is awaiting exploring.

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 A Really Handy Guide to Ship Certification (part 1) has just been added to the range. More to follow shortly in the series.

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The Ship’s Certificate of Registry-A Handy Guide

Navsregs>Ship Certification>Certificate of Registry

This series of posts will now delve into some of the ship’s certification in a series of posts about the individual documents. The posts are not intended as definitive sources of information, but as handy revision guides for those studying for Master’s, Chief Mates and Officer if the watch examinations.

DSCF3260The Certificate of Registry-The ship’s passport

What is it?-

A certificate that proves a ship’s nationality, It is probably the most important document on a ship.

Why is it needed?

It will be required when obtaining clearance in a foreign port and when boarded by officials in a war zone or embargoed area. It also of use when selling a vessel, arranging finance, or obtaining protection from a warship.

Which ships need it?

Any ship on international voyages, apart from Government owned vessels and very small vessels.

In UK law, commercial vessels under 100 GT and pleasure vessels less than 24 metres are listed on different registers. They need to be registered if sailing on the ‘high seas’ or visiting foreign ports in order to remain under flag state law.

How long is it valid?

5 years, or on change of ownership

What information can be found on the certificate?wp-1456347039822.jpg

Identity details:

Name, Official number, Call sign, IMO number

Ship description:

Port, Type of ship, Method of propulsion, Engine make and model, Total engine power


Gross tonnage, Net tonnage, Registered tonnage


Length, Breadth, Depth

Build details:

Year of build, Name of builder, Country of build


Name and address of owners


Issue and expiry dates, Signature

Some Useful information

  • The certificate of registry does not prove ownership or show mortgages.
  • It cannot be subject to detention and must remain on the vessel unless required to obtain custom clearance.
  • Many countries require the certificate to be produced on entering or leaving a port.

Where are the references?


UNCLOS Article 91 Nationality of ships

” Every State shall fix the conditions for the grant of its nationality to ships, for the registration of ships in its territory, and for the right to fly its flag. Ships have the nationality of the State whose flag they are entitled to fly. There must exist a genuine link between the State and the ship.”

“Every State shall issue to ships to which it has granted the right to fly its flag documents to that effect.”

United Kingdom

Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (Chapter 21)

1993 No. 3138 The Merchant Shipping (Registration of Ships) Regulations 1993

“Certificate of registry” means a certificate of registration which is issued to a ship which is registered under the Act and includes a certificate of bareboat charter unless the context otherwise requires”

Other useful Links

The UK RYAs advice on registration

UK Shipping Register 

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Ship certification- what should be carried, and why

Navsregs>Ship Certification>The Certificates to be carried

The last post in this series contained useful hyperlinks for sources of information about ship’s certification. This post will take one of those documents, the IMO circular FAL.2/Circ.127, and use it as a base for building a handy reference to ship certification. I have resorted the order into one that makes a bit more sense, added some headings, and listed the main reference for each document.



Continuous Synopsis Record (CSR)– SOLAS 1974, regulation XI-1/5

International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC) or Interim International Ship Security CertificateSOLAS 1974,regulation XI-2/9.1.1; ISPS Code, part A, section 19 and appendices

Document of Compliance-SOLAS 1974, regulation IX/4; ISM Code

Safety Management Certificate-SOLAS 1974,regulation IX/4;ISM Code, paragraph 1

Tonnage and loadlines

International Tonnage Certificate (1969)-International-Tonnage Convention, article 7

International Load Line Certificate– LL Convention, article 16; 1988 LL Protocol, article 16

International Load Line Exemption Certificate-LL Convention, article 6; 1988 LL Protocol, article 16


International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate-MARPOL Annex I, regulation 7

International Anti-fouling System Certificate-AFS Convention, regulation 2(1) of annex 4

Declaration on Anti-fouling System-AFS Convention, regulation 5(1) of annex 4

International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 6

International Sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate-MARPOL Annex IV, regulation 5

International Energy Efficiency Certificate-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 6


Minimum Safe Manning Document-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/14.2

Certificates for masters, officers or ratings-STCW 1978, article VI, regulation I/2; STCW Code, section A-I/2


AIS test report-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/18.9

Voyage data recorder systems, Certificate of Compliance-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/18.8

LRIT conformance test report-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/19-1
Exemption Certificate- SOLAS 1974, regulation I/12



Construction drawings– SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-7

Ship Construction File-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-10

Stability information-SOLAS 1974, regulations II-1/, LL Convention; 1988 LL Protocol, regulation 10

Damage control plans and booklets-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/19

Fire and LSAimg_20160915_072700_hdr.jpg

Fire safety training manual-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/15.2.3

Fire control plan/booklet-SOLAS 1974, regulations II-2/15.2.4 and II-2/15.3.2

Fire safety operational booklet-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/16.2

Training manual-SOLAS 1974, regulation III/35


Manoeuvring booklet-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/28


Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)– SOLAS 1974, regulation VI/5-1

Cargo Securing Manual -SOLAS 1974, regulations VI/5.6 and VII/5


EEDI Technical File-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 20

Technical File-NOx Technical Code, paragraph 2.3.4

Coating Technical File-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-2
Noise Survey Report-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-12


Nautical charts and nautical publications-SOLAS 1974, regulations V/ and V/27

International Code of Signals and a copy of Volume III of IAMSAR Manual-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/21

Manufacturer’s Operating Manual for Incinerators-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 16.7



Maintenance plans-SOLAS 1974, regulations II-2/14.2.2 and II-2/14.4

Ship Security Plan and associated records– SOLAS 1974, regulation XI-2/9; ISPS Code. part A  sections 9 and 10


Ship-specific Plans and Procedures for Recovery of Persons from the Water-SOLAS 1974 regulation, III/17-1

Onboard training and drills record-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/


Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan-MARPOL Annex I, regulation 37

Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP)– MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 22; MEPC.1/Circ.795



Records of navigational activities-SOLAS 1974, regulations V/26 and V/28.1

Records of hours of rest-STCW Code, section A-VIII/1;Maritime Labour Convention, 2006; Seafarers’ Hours of Work and the Manning of Ships Convention,


Oil Record Book-MARPOL Annex I, regulations 17 and 36

Garbage Management Plan-MARPOL Annex V, regulation 10;

Garbage Record Book-MARPOL Annex V, regulation 10

Ozone-depleting Substances Record Book-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 12.6

Fuel Oil Changeover Procedure and Logbook (record of fuel changeover)– MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 14.6

Bunker Delivery Note and Representative Sample-MARPOL Annex VI, regulations 18.6 and 18.8.1

Record Book of Engine Parameters-NOx Technical Code, paragraph 2.3.7

Additional documents required by ship type

Passenger ships

Passenger Ship Safety CertificateSOLAS 1974, regulation I/12

Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate -STP 71, rule 5

Search and rescue cooperation plan -SOLAS 1974, regulation V/7.3

List of operational limitations-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/30

Decision support system for masters –SOLAS 1974, regulation III/29

Cargo ships

Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate -SOLAS 1974, regulation I/12

Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate -SOLAS 1974 regulation I/12

Cargo Ship Safety Radio CertificateSOLAS 1974, regulation I/12

Cargo Ship Safety Certificate -1988 SOLAS Protocol, regulation I/12

Document of authorization for the carriage of grain and grain loading manual -SOLAS 1974, regulation VI/9

Certificate of insurance or other financial security in respect of civil liability for oil pollution damage– CLC 1969, article VII

Certificate of insurance or other financial security in respect of civil liability for bunker oil pollution damage -Bunker Convention 2001, article 7

Enhanced survey report file
– SOLAS 1974, regulation XI-1/2

Record of oil discharge monitoring and control system for the last ballast voyage- MARPOL Annex I, regulation 31

Oil Discharge Monitoring and Control (ODMC) Operational Manual
 -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 31

Cargo Information-SOLAS 1974, regulations VI/2 and XII/10

Ship Structure Access Manual -SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-6

Bulk Carrier Booklet -SOLAS 1974, regulations VI/7 and XII/8

Crude Oil Washing Operation and Equipment Manual (COW Manual) -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 35

Condition Assessment Scheme (CAS) Statement of Compliance, CAS Final Report and Review Record –MARPOL Annex I, regulations 20 and 21

Subdivision and stability information -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 28

STS Operation Plan and Records of STS Operations
 -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 41

VOC Management Plan
 -MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 15.6

Ships carrying noxious liquid chemical substances in bulk

International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk (NLS Certificate)MARPOL Annex II, regulation 8

Cargo record book-MARPOL Annex II, regulation 15.2

Procedures and Arrangements Manual (P & A Manual) –MARPOL Annex II, regulation 14

Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan for Noxious Liquid Substances-MARPOL Annex II, regulation 17

Chemical tankers

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in BulkBCH Code, section 1.6

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk– 
 IBC Code, section 1.5

Gas carriers

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in BulkGC Code, section 1.6

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk– 
IGC Code, section 1.5;

High-speed craft

High-Speed Craft Safety CertificateSOLAS 1974, regulation X/3

Permit to Operate High-Speed Craft- 1994 HSC Code, section 1.9Highest, SOLAS 1974, regulation X/3

Ships carrying dangerous goods

Document of compliance with the special requirements for ships carrying dangerous goods– SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/19.4

Ships carrying dangerous goods in packaged form

Dangerous goods manifest or stowage plan- SOLAS 1974, regulations VII/4.5 and VII/7-2; MARPOL Annex III, regulation 4

Ships carrying INF cargo

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of INF Cargo-SOLAS 1974, regulation VII/16;

Nuclear Ships

A Nuclear Cargo Ship Safety Certificate or Nuclear Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, in place of the Cargo Ship Safety Certificate or Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, as appropriate -SOLAS 1974, regulation VIII/10

Other certificates and documents which are not mandatory

Special purpose ships

Special Purpose Ship Safety Certificate– Resolution A.534(13), as amended by MSC/Circ.739; 2008 SPS Code
Offshore support vessels

Offshore Supply Vessel Document of Compliance– Resolution MSC.235(82)

Certificate of Fitness for Offshore Support Vessels -Resolution A.673(16); MARPOL Annex II, regulation 13(4)

Diving systems

Diving System Safety Certificate-Resolution A.536(13), section 1.6

Passenger submersible craft

Safety Compliance Certificate for Passenger Submersible Craft -MSC/Circ.981

Dynamically supported craft

Dynamically Supported Craft Construction and Equipment Certificate– Resolution A.414(XI), section 1.6; resolution A.649(16), section 1.6; resolution A.649(16)

Wing-In-Ground (WIG) Craft

Wing–in–ground Craft Safety Certificate-MSC/Circ.1054, section 9

Permit to Operate WIG Craft-MSC/Circ.1054, section 10

Noise levels

Noise Survey Report-Resolution A.468(XII), section 4.3


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Where to get information on ship certification

Navsregs>Ship Certification>Certification Information

Here starts a series of posts exploring ship certification; an important topic for anyone studying for certificates of competency,  especially at Mates, Masters, seconds or chiefs levels. Starting at the beginning I have put together some hints on where to find what needs to be carried.

IMO information

If you have access to SOLAS, its Annex 2 is a good place to start to determine what ship certification to hold. It contains a list of the certificates required to be carried on each type of ship,NAVSREGSOLASCover and also gives a useful reference to the related conventions.

This annex is also available as an IMO circular FAL.2/Circ.127, MEPC.1/Circ.817, MSC.1/Circ.1462, which can be downloaded from their website.

Flag state informationNavregsCertTableMCA

The UK produces some of the best additional guidance on certification and here are some pointers of where to look.

The UK MCA  publishes information within their ‘Instructions to surveyors Survey and certification policy’  (MSIS 23). Towards the back of this document are some handy tables of certificates. This is available online from the  UK government website



NavsregsCerGOVheadingRemaining on the UK GOV.UK website there is a
useful page ‘Vessel classification and certification’.

This page starts with an outline of the main certification requirements.



To dig into the legal deNavsregsCertSItails for UK flagged ship’s, the statutory instrument is  No 1210 The Merchant Shipping (Survey and Certification) Regulations 1995. This is available on line.


In the next post I will extract the information in these suggested documents to produce a crib that will answer the question “what certification must my ship carry?”
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Hoegh Osaka – A handy revision summary for mariners based the MAIB safety flyer

For those about to hOEGHsit deck officer  examinations, or for those serving on Ro-Ros the topic of Ro-Ro stability is definitely one to have a good knowledge of. The UK MAIB have published a safety flyer  on the Hoegh Osaka grounding that is well worth a read.


Click here for the flyer from the MAIB.

A really hand revision list of the Safety Lessons from the report

 Assessing a ship has adequate stability for its intended voyage on completion of cargo operations and before it sails must not be neglected.

Sufficient time must be made before departure for an accurate stability calculation to be completed.

 A loading computer’s output can only be as accurate as the information entered into it.

 The master has ultimate responsibility for the safety of his/her ship.  This responsibility cannot be delegated to shore-based managers or charterers’ representatives.


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A new MGN 552 on RoRo cargoes- a really handy summary

The UK M Notice MGN 552 (M) has been issued by the MCA on the safe Stowage and Securing of Specialised Vehicles. It is a useful source of advise for any seafarer involved in loading Ro Ro Cargoes. This post contains a summary of that notice for those revising for examinations. If you are involved in Ro Ro operations then follow the link to read the full notice.


The purpose of the Marine Guidance Note is to draw to the attention of industry, the potential hazards when carrying Specialised Vehicles.

Click here for the the Mnotice


Ships should ensure that cargo is stowed and secured in accordance with the approved Cargo securing manual  before the ship leaves a berth.

During the voyage, lashings should be inspected at intervals appropriate to the length of voyage and weather conditions expected to ensure that vehicles remain safely secured.

Lashings should not be released for unloading before the ship is secured at the berth, without the Master’s express permission.

Cargo should be so distributed that the ship has a metacentric height in excess of the required minimum and, whenever practicable, within an acceptable upper limit to minimise the forces acting on the cargo keeping in mind that large metacentric height could cause the ship to roll violently in adverse sea conditions.

Sudden change of course and or speed may create adverse forces acting on the ship and the cargo. This is especially relevant for vessels fitted with high lift rudders, where moderate to high rudder angles may result in high forces being generated.

The crew should be familiar with the requirements contained within the approved CSM.

Ships’ officers and managers should carry out checks on lashings during audits and inspections to ensure that bad practices are not taking place, especially where operations are rapid and very repetitive.

The condition of lashing systems should be monitored closely.

There should be an effective maintenance programme for all the portable and fixed securing devices. Web lashings are to be marked and limited to a maximum working

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Top 10 MGNs Cargo work

UK M notices with a cargo work theme.

UK Marine Notices  (MGNs and MSNs) are excellent sources of information for anyone studying for Officer of Watch, Chief Mate and Master’s examinations, even for those not sailing under the British flag. Here are the top ten of the Notices with a cargo work theme.


1. MGN 107 (M) – The Merchant Shipping (Carriage of Cargoes) Regulations 1999.

The new Regulations introduce additional requirements with respect to the loading and unloading of bulk cargoes.

2. MGN 146 (M) – The Carriage of Packaged Cargo and Cargo Units. Requirement for cargo securing manual.

3. MGN 198 (M) – Safety at Solid Bulk Cargo Terminals

4.   MGN 418 Roll-on/roll-off ships stowage and securing of vehicles.

5. MGN 60 (M) – Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code): 1996 Amendment – Carriage of Coal Cargoes.

6. MGN 157 (M) -Safety of Personnel During Container Securing Operations and while Working at Corrugated Bulkheads in General Cargo Ships.

7. MGN 282 (M) – Dangerous Goods: Guidance in the Carriage of Packaged Dangerous Goods on Offshore Supply Vessels.

8. MGN 531 (M) – Cargo Stowage and Securing: Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing (CSS Code) – Guidance on Application of Section 6 of Annex 14 for Existing Containerships.

9. MSN 1231 (M) – Safe Cargo-Handling Operations on Offshore Supply Vessels.

10    MSN 1167 (M+F) – Carriage of Containers and Flats in Ships not Designed or Modified for the Purpose.

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A Really Handy Guide to the ISM Code-A new revision aid for Kindle


I have just published the next book in the Really Handy Range. This one is a move a way from the looking out of the bridge windows towards wider shipboard operations.

The ISM code is deceptive; as a piece of international shipping legislation it appears small and vague, and yet, it has huge power to determine how ships are operated. Its relatively few words influence every aspect of vessel operations, both afloat and ashore. Sitting at the centre ofship’s safety, ISM  links all maritime safety laws, guidance and procedures together.


A good understanding of the ISM code is therefore required by all personnel involved in ship operations, and this book will assist in achieving that understanding. This Really Handy Book is aimed primarily at those studying for Officer of the Watch, Chief Mate’s, Second Engineer’s, Master’s, and Chief Engineer’s qualifications. It will also be of use as a reference source or refresher for qualified personnel. It is not a legal textbook though, so for legal advice refer to the source documents, or appropriate books. This Really Handy Book contains a description of the code, a revision aid.


Click here for the book’s Amazon page>

If you download the new book I recommend following this blog. Over the next few posts I will be exploring a wide range of topics with connections to the code. However, I cannot promise that I will resist the temptation to entirely stay clear of my favourite topic-the collision regulations.

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Rule 3 Safe Speed-Every vessel shall at all times proceed at a safe speed so that she can take proper and effective action to avoid collision and be stopped within a distance appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions.



Get the questions on twitter  (@JohnTeammanley): at Navsbooks (@JohnTeammanley): https://twitter.com/JohnTeammanley?s=09  #COLREGS

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COLREG- Rule 5-Evsaatmaplbsahawabaamaitpcacsatmafaothsaroc-And the answer is

Rule 5-Lookout Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and risk of collision.


The most important Rule of them all.

Follow this blog for weekly  COLREG revision questions.

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