Tag Archives: OOW

International load line Certificate-A Handy Guide

Navsregs>Ship Certification>Load Line Certificate

This series continues exploring the realm of ship certification with another document that defines a vessel.


Defining how deep a vessel can load-The Load Line Certificate

Why is it needed?

It is required by the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966

“(1) An International Tonnage Certificate (1969) shall be issued to every ship, the gross and net tonnages of which have been determined in accordance with the present Convention.”

Click here for the Treaty’s IMO page>IMO

By UK law The Merchant Shipping (Load Line) Regulations 1998

Explained within  UK’S MSN 1752

What ships need one?

Ships engaged on international voyages


  • Ships of war
  • Ships of less than 24 metres (79 feet) in length;
  • Pleasure yachts not engaged in trade;
    Fishing vessels.

How is it obtained?

After an initial survey before the ship is put in service, which shall include a complete inspection of its structure and equipment in so far as the ship is covered by Convention. The survey shall be such as to ensure that the arrangements, materials and scantlings fully comply with the requirements of the the International Convention on Load Lines.

How is it maintained?

By a periodical survey not exceed five years, to ensure that the structure, equipment, arrangements, materials and scantlings fully comply with the requirements of the Convention.

And an  inspection within three months either way of each annual anniversary date of the certificate, to ensure that alterations have not been made to the hull or superstructures which would affect the calculations determining the position of the load line.

What is looked during the annual inspection?

The effective condition of fittings and appliances for:

  • Protection of openings
  • Guard rails
  • Freeing ports
  • Means of access to crew’s quarters

What is contained on the certificate?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive Number of letters
  • Port of Registry
  • Length
  • Gross Tonnage
  • Type of ship
  • Freeboards ( from deck line) and load lines assigned for:
    • Winter North Atlantic
    • Winter
    • Summmer
    • Tropical
  • Date of survey
  • Any Conditions
  • Endorsement of annual Survey

Example of load line certificate from MSN 1752. Reproduced under Open Government Licence V3

What other document is found with the load line certificate?

The record of particulars relating to conditions of assignment.

What information is contained within the records of particulars?

Tables with details of the following (Where they apply to superstructures, exposed machinery casings and deckhouses protecting openings in freeboard and superstructure decks):

  • Doors
  • Hatchways
  • Machinery space openings
  • Ventilators
  • Air pipes
  • Cargo ports ans similar openings
  • Scuppers, inlets discharges
  • Side scuttles
  • Freeing ports
  • Protection of the crew
  • Timber deck cargo fittings
  • Other special features


How is the freeboard determined?

The treaty contains tables based on the length of the ship and type. These tables give the basic freeboard, which is then adjusted for several factors freeboard to give the summer freeboard. The other seasonal  freeboards are calculated based on the summer value.




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The Ship’s Certificate of Registry-A Handy Guide

Navsregs>Ship Certification>Certificate of Registry

This series of posts will now delve into some of the ship’s certification in a series of posts about the individual documents. The posts are not intended as definitive sources of information, but as handy revision guides for those studying for Master’s, Chief Mates and Officer if the watch examinations.

DSCF3260The Certificate of Registry-The ship’s passport

What is it?-

A certificate that proves a ship’s nationality, It is probably the most important document on a ship.

Why is it needed?

It will be required when obtaining clearance in a foreign port and when boarded by officials in a war zone or embargoed area. It also of use when selling a vessel, arranging finance, or obtaining protection from a warship.

Which ships need it?

Any ship on international voyages, apart from Government owned vessels and very small vessels.

In UK law, commercial vessels under 100 GT and pleasure vessels less than 24 metres are listed on different registers. They need to be registered if sailing on the ‘high seas’ or visiting foreign ports in order to remain under flag state law.

How long is it valid?

5 years, or on change of ownership

What information can be found on the certificate?wp-1456347039822.jpg

Identity details:

Name, Official number, Call sign, IMO number

Ship description:

Port, Type of ship, Method of propulsion, Engine make and model, Total engine power


Gross tonnage, Net tonnage, Registered tonnage


Length, Breadth, Depth

Build details:

Year of build, Name of builder, Country of build


Name and address of owners


Issue and expiry dates, Signature

Some Useful information

  • The certificate of registry does not prove ownership or show mortgages.
  • It cannot be subject to detention and must remain on the vessel unless required to obtain custom clearance.
  • Many countries require the certificate to be produced on entering or leaving a port.

Where are the references?


UNCLOS Article 91 Nationality of ships

” Every State shall fix the conditions for the grant of its nationality to ships, for the registration of ships in its territory, and for the right to fly its flag. Ships have the nationality of the State whose flag they are entitled to fly. There must exist a genuine link between the State and the ship.”

“Every State shall issue to ships to which it has granted the right to fly its flag documents to that effect.”

United Kingdom

Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (Chapter 21)

1993 No. 3138 The Merchant Shipping (Registration of Ships) Regulations 1993

“Certificate of registry” means a certificate of registration which is issued to a ship which is registered under the Act and includes a certificate of bareboat charter unless the context otherwise requires”

Other useful Links

The UK RYAs advice on registration

UK Shipping Register 

Click here for the Kindle Really Handy Books range

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Ship certification- what should be carried, and why

Navsregs>Ship Certification>The Certificates to be carried

The last post in this series contained useful hyperlinks for sources of information about ship’s certification. This post will take one of those documents, the IMO circular FAL.2/Circ.127, and use it as a base for building a handy reference to ship certification. I have resorted the order into one that makes a bit more sense, added some headings, and listed the main reference for each document.



Continuous Synopsis Record (CSR)– SOLAS 1974, regulation XI-1/5

International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC) or Interim International Ship Security CertificateSOLAS 1974,regulation XI-2/9.1.1; ISPS Code, part A, section 19 and appendices

Document of Compliance-SOLAS 1974, regulation IX/4; ISM Code

Safety Management Certificate-SOLAS 1974,regulation IX/4;ISM Code, paragraph 1

Tonnage and loadlines

International Tonnage Certificate (1969)-International-Tonnage Convention, article 7

International Load Line Certificate– LL Convention, article 16; 1988 LL Protocol, article 16

International Load Line Exemption Certificate-LL Convention, article 6; 1988 LL Protocol, article 16


International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate-MARPOL Annex I, regulation 7

International Anti-fouling System Certificate-AFS Convention, regulation 2(1) of annex 4

Declaration on Anti-fouling System-AFS Convention, regulation 5(1) of annex 4

International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 6

International Sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate-MARPOL Annex IV, regulation 5

International Energy Efficiency Certificate-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 6


Minimum Safe Manning Document-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/14.2

Certificates for masters, officers or ratings-STCW 1978, article VI, regulation I/2; STCW Code, section A-I/2


AIS test report-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/18.9

Voyage data recorder systems, Certificate of Compliance-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/18.8

LRIT conformance test report-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/19-1
Exemption Certificate- SOLAS 1974, regulation I/12



Construction drawings– SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-7

Ship Construction File-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-10

Stability information-SOLAS 1974, regulations II-1/, LL Convention; 1988 LL Protocol, regulation 10

Damage control plans and booklets-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/19

Fire and LSAimg_20160915_072700_hdr.jpg

Fire safety training manual-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/15.2.3

Fire control plan/booklet-SOLAS 1974, regulations II-2/15.2.4 and II-2/15.3.2

Fire safety operational booklet-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/16.2

Training manual-SOLAS 1974, regulation III/35


Manoeuvring booklet-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/28


Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)– SOLAS 1974, regulation VI/5-1

Cargo Securing Manual -SOLAS 1974, regulations VI/5.6 and VII/5


EEDI Technical File-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 20

Technical File-NOx Technical Code, paragraph 2.3.4

Coating Technical File-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-2
Noise Survey Report-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-12


Nautical charts and nautical publications-SOLAS 1974, regulations V/ and V/27

International Code of Signals and a copy of Volume III of IAMSAR Manual-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/21

Manufacturer’s Operating Manual for Incinerators-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 16.7



Maintenance plans-SOLAS 1974, regulations II-2/14.2.2 and II-2/14.4

Ship Security Plan and associated records– SOLAS 1974, regulation XI-2/9; ISPS Code. part A  sections 9 and 10


Ship-specific Plans and Procedures for Recovery of Persons from the Water-SOLAS 1974 regulation, III/17-1

Onboard training and drills record-SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/


Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan-MARPOL Annex I, regulation 37

Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP)– MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 22; MEPC.1/Circ.795



Records of navigational activities-SOLAS 1974, regulations V/26 and V/28.1

Records of hours of rest-STCW Code, section A-VIII/1;Maritime Labour Convention, 2006; Seafarers’ Hours of Work and the Manning of Ships Convention,


Oil Record Book-MARPOL Annex I, regulations 17 and 36

Garbage Management Plan-MARPOL Annex V, regulation 10;

Garbage Record Book-MARPOL Annex V, regulation 10

Ozone-depleting Substances Record Book-MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 12.6

Fuel Oil Changeover Procedure and Logbook (record of fuel changeover)– MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 14.6

Bunker Delivery Note and Representative Sample-MARPOL Annex VI, regulations 18.6 and 18.8.1

Record Book of Engine Parameters-NOx Technical Code, paragraph 2.3.7

Additional documents required by ship type

Passenger ships

Passenger Ship Safety CertificateSOLAS 1974, regulation I/12

Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate -STP 71, rule 5

Search and rescue cooperation plan -SOLAS 1974, regulation V/7.3

List of operational limitations-SOLAS 1974, regulation V/30

Decision support system for masters –SOLAS 1974, regulation III/29

Cargo ships

Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate -SOLAS 1974, regulation I/12

Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate -SOLAS 1974 regulation I/12

Cargo Ship Safety Radio CertificateSOLAS 1974, regulation I/12

Cargo Ship Safety Certificate -1988 SOLAS Protocol, regulation I/12

Document of authorization for the carriage of grain and grain loading manual -SOLAS 1974, regulation VI/9

Certificate of insurance or other financial security in respect of civil liability for oil pollution damage– CLC 1969, article VII

Certificate of insurance or other financial security in respect of civil liability for bunker oil pollution damage -Bunker Convention 2001, article 7

Enhanced survey report file
– SOLAS 1974, regulation XI-1/2

Record of oil discharge monitoring and control system for the last ballast voyage- MARPOL Annex I, regulation 31

Oil Discharge Monitoring and Control (ODMC) Operational Manual
 -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 31

Cargo Information-SOLAS 1974, regulations VI/2 and XII/10

Ship Structure Access Manual -SOLAS 1974, regulation II-1/3-6

Bulk Carrier Booklet -SOLAS 1974, regulations VI/7 and XII/8

Crude Oil Washing Operation and Equipment Manual (COW Manual) -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 35

Condition Assessment Scheme (CAS) Statement of Compliance, CAS Final Report and Review Record –MARPOL Annex I, regulations 20 and 21

Subdivision and stability information -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 28

STS Operation Plan and Records of STS Operations
 -MARPOL Annex I, regulation 41

VOC Management Plan
 -MARPOL Annex VI, regulation 15.6

Ships carrying noxious liquid chemical substances in bulk

International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk (NLS Certificate)MARPOL Annex II, regulation 8

Cargo record book-MARPOL Annex II, regulation 15.2

Procedures and Arrangements Manual (P & A Manual) –MARPOL Annex II, regulation 14

Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan for Noxious Liquid Substances-MARPOL Annex II, regulation 17

Chemical tankers

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in BulkBCH Code, section 1.6

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk– 
 IBC Code, section 1.5

Gas carriers

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in BulkGC Code, section 1.6

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk– 
IGC Code, section 1.5;

High-speed craft

High-Speed Craft Safety CertificateSOLAS 1974, regulation X/3

Permit to Operate High-Speed Craft- 1994 HSC Code, section 1.9Highest, SOLAS 1974, regulation X/3

Ships carrying dangerous goods

Document of compliance with the special requirements for ships carrying dangerous goods– SOLAS 1974, regulation II-2/19.4

Ships carrying dangerous goods in packaged form

Dangerous goods manifest or stowage plan- SOLAS 1974, regulations VII/4.5 and VII/7-2; MARPOL Annex III, regulation 4

Ships carrying INF cargo

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of INF Cargo-SOLAS 1974, regulation VII/16;

Nuclear Ships

A Nuclear Cargo Ship Safety Certificate or Nuclear Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, in place of the Cargo Ship Safety Certificate or Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, as appropriate -SOLAS 1974, regulation VIII/10

Other certificates and documents which are not mandatory

Special purpose ships

Special Purpose Ship Safety Certificate– Resolution A.534(13), as amended by MSC/Circ.739; 2008 SPS Code
Offshore support vessels

Offshore Supply Vessel Document of Compliance– Resolution MSC.235(82)

Certificate of Fitness for Offshore Support Vessels -Resolution A.673(16); MARPOL Annex II, regulation 13(4)

Diving systems

Diving System Safety Certificate-Resolution A.536(13), section 1.6

Passenger submersible craft

Safety Compliance Certificate for Passenger Submersible Craft -MSC/Circ.981

Dynamically supported craft

Dynamically Supported Craft Construction and Equipment Certificate– Resolution A.414(XI), section 1.6; resolution A.649(16), section 1.6; resolution A.649(16)

Wing-In-Ground (WIG) Craft

Wing–in–ground Craft Safety Certificate-MSC/Circ.1054, section 9

Permit to Operate WIG Craft-MSC/Circ.1054, section 10

Noise levels

Noise Survey Report-Resolution A.468(XII), section 4.3


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Where to get information on ship certification

Navsregs>Ship Certification>Certification Information

Here starts a series of posts exploring ship certification; an important topic for anyone studying for certificates of competency,  especially at Mates, Masters, seconds or chiefs levels. Starting at the beginning I have put together some hints on where to find what needs to be carried.

IMO information

If you have access to SOLAS, its Annex 2 is a good place to start to determine what ship certification to hold. It contains a list of the certificates required to be carried on each type of ship,NAVSREGSOLASCover and also gives a useful reference to the related conventions.

This annex is also available as an IMO circular FAL.2/Circ.127, MEPC.1/Circ.817, MSC.1/Circ.1462, which can be downloaded from their website.

Flag state informationNavregsCertTableMCA

The UK produces some of the best additional guidance on certification and here are some pointers of where to look.

The UK MCA  publishes information within their ‘Instructions to surveyors Survey and certification policy’  (MSIS 23). Towards the back of this document are some handy tables of certificates. This is available online from the  UK government website



NavsregsCerGOVheadingRemaining on the UK GOV.UK website there is a
useful page ‘Vessel classification and certification’.

This page starts with an outline of the main certification requirements.



To dig into the legal deNavsregsCertSItails for UK flagged ship’s, the statutory instrument is  No 1210 The Merchant Shipping (Survey and Certification) Regulations 1995. This is available on line.


In the next post I will extract the information in these suggested documents to produce a crib that will answer the question “what certification must my ship carry?”
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COSWOP 2015- The contents

The 2015 UK Code of Safe Working Practice for Merchant Seafarers is here (COSWOP); it is a new shiny edition, witimg_20160303_0950130_rewind.jpgh a new layout and new contents. This post contains gives an overview of its contents of the  Code as a handy guide to where to look for safety information.

This  new code of safe working practices is  published by the UK Maritime and coastguard agency   is in a completely new format from the 2010 edition.  The biggest change is the expansion of  the topic o safety culture to include leadership and ‘just culture’.


About this Code





















Chapter 24 HOT WORK

Chapter 25 PAINTING



Chapter 28 DRY CARGO




Chapter 32 SHIPS SERVING OFFSHORE RENEWABLES – to follow in 2016



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Hoegh Osaka – A handy revision summary for mariners based the MAIB safety flyer

For those about to hOEGHsit deck officer  examinations, or for those serving on Ro-Ros the topic of Ro-Ro stability is definitely one to have a good knowledge of. The UK MAIB have published a safety flyer  on the Hoegh Osaka grounding that is well worth a read.


Click here for the flyer from the MAIB.

A really hand revision list of the Safety Lessons from the report

 Assessing a ship has adequate stability for its intended voyage on completion of cargo operations and before it sails must not be neglected.

Sufficient time must be made before departure for an accurate stability calculation to be completed.

 A loading computer’s output can only be as accurate as the information entered into it.

 The master has ultimate responsibility for the safety of his/her ship.  This responsibility cannot be delegated to shore-based managers or charterers’ representatives.


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A new MGN 552 on RoRo cargoes- a really handy summary

The UK M Notice MGN 552 (M) has been issued by the MCA on the safe Stowage and Securing of Specialised Vehicles. It is a useful source of advise for any seafarer involved in loading Ro Ro Cargoes. This post contains a summary of that notice for those revising for examinations. If you are involved in Ro Ro operations then follow the link to read the full notice.


The purpose of the Marine Guidance Note is to draw to the attention of industry, the potential hazards when carrying Specialised Vehicles.

Click here for the the Mnotice


Ships should ensure that cargo is stowed and secured in accordance with the approved Cargo securing manual  before the ship leaves a berth.

During the voyage, lashings should be inspected at intervals appropriate to the length of voyage and weather conditions expected to ensure that vehicles remain safely secured.

Lashings should not be released for unloading before the ship is secured at the berth, without the Master’s express permission.

Cargo should be so distributed that the ship has a metacentric height in excess of the required minimum and, whenever practicable, within an acceptable upper limit to minimise the forces acting on the cargo keeping in mind that large metacentric height could cause the ship to roll violently in adverse sea conditions.

Sudden change of course and or speed may create adverse forces acting on the ship and the cargo. This is especially relevant for vessels fitted with high lift rudders, where moderate to high rudder angles may result in high forces being generated.

The crew should be familiar with the requirements contained within the approved CSM.

Ships’ officers and managers should carry out checks on lashings during audits and inspections to ensure that bad practices are not taking place, especially where operations are rapid and very repetitive.

The condition of lashing systems should be monitored closely.

There should be an effective maintenance programme for all the portable and fixed securing devices. Web lashings are to be marked and limited to a maximum working

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Top 10 MGNs Cargo work

UK M notices with a cargo work theme.

UK Marine Notices  (MGNs and MSNs) are excellent sources of information for anyone studying for Officer of Watch, Chief Mate and Master’s examinations, even for those not sailing under the British flag. Here are the top ten of the Notices with a cargo work theme.


1. MGN 107 (M) – The Merchant Shipping (Carriage of Cargoes) Regulations 1999.

The new Regulations introduce additional requirements with respect to the loading and unloading of bulk cargoes.

2. MGN 146 (M) – The Carriage of Packaged Cargo and Cargo Units. Requirement for cargo securing manual.

3. MGN 198 (M) – Safety at Solid Bulk Cargo Terminals

4.   MGN 418 Roll-on/roll-off ships stowage and securing of vehicles.

5. MGN 60 (M) – Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code): 1996 Amendment – Carriage of Coal Cargoes.

6. MGN 157 (M) -Safety of Personnel During Container Securing Operations and while Working at Corrugated Bulkheads in General Cargo Ships.

7. MGN 282 (M) – Dangerous Goods: Guidance in the Carriage of Packaged Dangerous Goods on Offshore Supply Vessels.

8. MGN 531 (M) – Cargo Stowage and Securing: Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing (CSS Code) – Guidance on Application of Section 6 of Annex 14 for Existing Containerships.

9. MSN 1231 (M) – Safe Cargo-Handling Operations on Offshore Supply Vessels.

10    MSN 1167 (M+F) – Carriage of Containers and Flats in Ships not Designed or Modified for the Purpose.

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Top 10 MGNs- Seamanship

UK M notices with a seamanship theme.

UK Marine Notices  (MGNs and MSNs) are excellent sources of information for anyone studying for Officer of Watch, Chief Mate and Master’s examinations, even for those not sailing under the British flag. Here are the top ten of the Notices with a seamanship theme; lifeboats have been covered in the previous post.


UK Marine Notices  (MGNs and MSNs) are excellent sources of information for anyone studying for Officer of Watch, Chief Mate and Master’s examinations, even for those not sailing under the British flag. Here are the top ten of the Notices covering the subject of seamanship. Lifeboats and LSA have been covered  previous posts.

1. MGN 332 (M+F) -The Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment) Regulations 2006

2. MGN 308 (M+F) – Mooring, Towing or Hauling Equipment on all Vessels – Safe Installation and Safe Operation

3. MGN 410 (M+F) – The Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Health and Safety at Work) (Work at Height) Regulations 2010 

4. MGN 533 (M) – Means of Access

5. MGN 432 (M+F) – Safety during Transfers of Persons to and from Ships

6. MGN 353 (M+F) – The Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Control of Vibration at Work) Regulations 2007

7. MGN 378 (M+F) – Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Provision and Use of Work Equipment) (Amendment) Regulations 2008 and Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment) (Amendment) Regulations 2008

8 .MGN 352 (M+F) – The Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Control of Noise at Work) Regulations 2007

9.MGN 473 (M+F) – Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Health and Safety at Work) (Employment of Young Persons) Regulations 1998: Implementation of EC Directive 94/33/EC

10.MSN 1862 (M) – UK Requirements for Deck Ratings

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Top 10 M notices-LSA equipment


UK Marine Notices  (MGNs and MSNs) are excellent sources of information for anyone studying for Officer of Watch, Chief Mate and Master’s examinations, even for those not sailing under the British flag. Here are the top ten of the Notices covering the subject of lifesaving equipment. Lifeboats have been covered in the previous post.

1. MGN 343 (M+F)– Hydrostatic Release Units (HRU) – Stowage and Float Free Arrangements for Inflatable Liferafts

2. MGN 79 (M+F) – Safety Equipment and Pollution Prevention Equipment Carried in Excess of Statutory Requirements

3. MGN 499 (M+F)
– Life-Saving Appliances: Inflatable Liferafts, Marine Evacuation Systems, Inflatable Lifejackets and Hydrostatic Release Units: Servicing Requirements

4. MGN 529 (M+F)– Life-Saving Appliances – Immersion Suits Acceptance Criteria for Airtight Packaging

5. MGN 76 (M) – Lifejackets carried on Passenger Ships

6. MGN 254 (M+F) – Guidance to Users of Inflatable

7.  MGN 419 (M+F) – Disposal of Out of Date Pyrotechnics (Marine Flares)

8. MGN 105 (M+F) – Use and Fitting of Retro-Reflective Material on Life-Saving Appliances

9. MGN 344 (M) – Observations and Recommendations arising from a Series of Domestic Passenger Vessel Evacuation Exercises

10. MGN 106 (M+F) – Natural & Synthetic Fibre Cordage for Lifesaving Appliances

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