Tag Archives: Ship certification

Maritime Conventions and Codes on Amazon

wp-1481562626266.jpgThroughout the recent posts on this blog have been references to various International Maritime Conventions and Codes. Now that all the key certificates have been covered, it is probably a good time to provide a quick reference to where to purchase the source publications.

Where to find the publications on Amazon

When I started building this post my intention was to give links to each book. Unfortunately, I was soon thwarted by the high range in prices being offered on line. In order to avoid providing links towards overpriced I have instead given some search links that will allow a quick check of what is currently being offered on-line.

Before buying through Amazon then it is recommended to check the suppliers and prices IMOfrom the IMO, at their publication page.

The International Conventions

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Codes

Other Codes and guidance

 

 

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The High Speed Craft Safety Certificate

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This journey through ship certification is now exploring some of the more specialized certificates, that is that required by High speed Craft.

Two High Speed craft Codes

  • The International Code of safety for High speed Craft 1994
  • The International Code of safety for High speed Craft 2000

The 2000 Code applies to high speed craft of which the keels were laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July 2002.


The High Speed Craft Safety Certificate


Why is the HSC safety certificate required?

It is required by the International Code of safety for High-speed craft 2000 ( the HSC CertHSCUKcode)

What does it certify?        

That the craft has been surveyed in accordance with the HSC code and in all respects the craft complies with the relevant provisions of the Code.

That the life‐saving appliances are provided for a stated number of persons

What is a high speed craft?

High-speed craft is a craft capable of a maximum speed, in metres per second (m/s), equal to or exceeding a value obtained from the formula

Cert HSC formula

Where Delta is the volume of displacement corresponding to the design waterline (m3),excluding craft the hull of which is supported completely clear above the water surface in non-displacement mode by aerodynamic forces generated by ground effect.

What vessels must comply with the High Speed craft code?

High speed craft that:

  • Are engaged in international voyages
  • Had keels of laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July 2002.

And is either:

  • A passenger craft which does not proceed in the course of their voyage more than four hours at 90% of maximum speed from a place of refuge.or
  • A cargo craft of 500 gross tonnage and upwards which do not proceed in the course of their voyage more than 8 hours at 90% of maximum speed from a place of refuge when fully laden.

The code does not apply to:

  • Craft of war and troopcraft
  • Craft not propelled by mechanical means
  • Wooden craft of primitive build
  • Pleasure craft not engaged in trade
  • Fishing craft

What information is shown on the Certificate?

Particulars of craft

  • Name of craft
  • Manufacturer’ s model and hull number
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Port of registry
  • Gross tonnage
  • Sea areas in which the craft is certified to operate
  • Design waterline details, and corresponding draughts
  • Position of reference line
  • Category:
    • category A passenger craft
    • category B passenger craft
    • Cargo craft
  • Craft type:
    • air‐cushion vehicle
    • surface‐effect ship
    • hydrofoil
    • monohull
    • multihull
    • other
  • Date on which keel was laid or craft was at a similar stage of construction or on which a major conversion was conducted

The Certificate shall be supplemented by a Record of Equipment.

What Surveys are required to maintain the certificate?

The Harmonised System of Survey and Certification does not apply, the surveys required by the certificate are:

  • An Initial Survey before the craft is put in service or before the Certificate is issued for the first time
  • A Periodical Survey (which includes an inspection of the ship’s bottom), annually within 3 months, before or after, the anniversary date of the certificate
  • A Renewal Survey (which includes an inspection of the ship’s bottom) at intervals specified by the flag state, but must not exceeding 5 years
  • An Additional Survey as required

Permit to operate High speed craft


Another document required to be held by High Speed Craft is the Permit to operate. Th permit is more specific than the High Speed Craft safety Certificate; covering a specific craft trading on specific routes.

When must a Permit to operate High Speed Craft be held?

The permit must be held for shall not operate commercially unless a Permit to Operate CertHSCPermitHigh‐Speed Craft is issued and valid in addition to the High‐Speed Craft Safety Certificate. Transit voyage without passengers or cargo may be undertaken without the Permit to Operate High‐Speed Craft.

When is a Permit to operate High Speed Craft required?

The permit is required by high speed craft operating on a commercially with passengers or cargo onboard.

The Permit to Operate High‐Speed Craft shall be issued by the flag state to certify compliance with the code and state the conditions of the operation of the craft.

When may a voyage be conducted without a Permit to Operate?

On transit voyages provided the craft is not operating commercially with passengers or cargo onboard. These transit voyages include delivery voyages and repositioning voyages.  These voyages may be undertaken provided that:

  • The craft has a valid High‐Speed Craft Safety Certificate or similar before the start of such a voyage
  • The operator has developed a safety plan for the voyage including any temporary accommodation to ensure that the craft is capable of safely completing the transit voyage
  • The master of the craft is provided with the materials and information necessary to operate the craft safely during the transit voyage
  • The Administration is satisfied that arrangements have been made for the safe conduct of the voyage

What consultation will the flag state conduct before issuing the Permit to operate?

The Administration shall consult with each port State to obtain details of any operational conditions associated with operation of the craft in that State. Any such conditions  shall be shown on the Permit to Operate and be included in the route operational manual.

What must a flag state be assured of before issuing a Permit to operate?

  • The suitability of the craft for the service intended
  • The suitability of the operating conditions in the route operational manual
  • The arrangements for obtaining weather information
  • Provision in the area of operation of a base port
  • The designation of the person responsible for decisions to cancel or delay a
    particular voyage
  • Sufficient crew complement
  • Crew qualifications and training
  • Restrictions with regard to working hours, rostering of crews and any other
    arrangements to prevent fatigue
  • he training of crew in craft operation and emergency procedures
  • The maintenance of crew competence in regard to operation and emergency
    procedures
  • Safety arrangements at terminals
  • Traffic control arrangements
  • Restrictions and/or provisions relating to position fixing and to operation by night or in restricted visibility
  • Additional equipment which may be required, due to the specific characteristics of
    the service intended
  • Communication arrangements
  • The keeping of records
  • Arrangements to ensure that equipment is maintained
  • The existence and use of adequate instructions regarding:
    Loading of the craft
    Provision of adequate fuel reserves
    Action in the event of reasonable foreseeable emergencies
    Provision of contingency plans

What information is contained on the permit to operate?

  • Name of craft
  • Manufacturer’ s model and hull number
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Port of registry
  • Category
    • Category A passenger craft
    • category B passenger craft
    • Cargo craft
  • Name of operator
  • Areas or routes of operation
  • Base port
  •  Maximum distance from place  of  refuge
  • Number of:
    • Passengers maximum permitted
    • Manning scale required
  • Worst intended conditions
  • Other operational restrictions

What is a Category A and Category B craft?

Category A craft is any high‐speed passenger craft:

Operating on a route where it has been demonstrated to the satisfaction of the flag and port States that there is a high probability that in the event of an evacuation at any point of the route, all passengers and crew can be rescued safely within the

least of:

  • the time to prevent persons in survival craft from exposure causing hypothermia in the worst intended conditions,
  • the time appropriate with respect to environmental conditions and geographical features of the route, or
  • 4 hours

And:

  • Carrying not more than 450 passengers.

Category B craft is any high‐speed passenger craft other than a category A craft, with machinery and safety systems arranged such that, in the event of any essential machinery and safety systems in any one compartment being disabled, the craft retains the capability to navigate safely.

Further information on HSC Certification


 

CertId1Cover

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What is a Declaration of Security under the ISPS Code?

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A Quick handy guide to the ISPS Declaration of Security

Following on from the last two posts on security related Certification is a quick look at an associated piece of documentation that may be held by a vessel.  

The Declaration of Security is a document that  may be required for a  port visit when specific security requirements exist. The Declaration address the security requirements that could be shared between a port facility and a ship, or between ships, and states the responsibility for each.

What determines if a Declaration of Security is required?

A Government shall determine when a Declaration of Security is required by assessing the risk the ship/port interface or ship to ship activity poses

A ship can request completion of a Declaration of Security when:

  • The ship is operating at a higher security level than the port facility or another ship
    it is interfacing with
  • There is an agreement on a Declaration of Security between Contracting Governments covering certain international voyages or specific ships on those
    voyages
  • There has been a security threat or a security incident involving the ship or
    involving the port facility
  • The ship is at a port which is not required to have and implement an approved port
    facility security plan
  • The ship is conducting ship to ship activities with another ship not required to have and implement an approved ship security plan

Who completes the declaration of Security?

  • The master or the ship security officer on behalf of the ship(s); and, if appropriate,
  • The port facility security officer or, if the Contracting Government determines
    otherwise, by any other body responsible for shore-side security, on behalf of the
    port facility

What is contained on the Declaration of Security between a ship and a port facility?

Ship and port facilities

  • Name of Ship
  • Port of Registry
  • Certs Dec of secuityIMO Number
  • Name of Port Facility

Summary  of actives

  • Validity dates
  • List of activities covered
  • Security level(s) for the ship
  • Security level(s) for the port facility

Security measures  agreed between Ship and Port

  • Monitoring restricted areas to ensure that only authorized personnel have access
  • Controlling access to the port facility
  • Controlling access to the ship
  • Monitoring of the port facility including
  • berthing areas and areas surrounding the ship
  • Monitoring of the ship, including berthing areas and areas surrounding the ship
  • Handling of cargo
  • Delivery of ship’s stores
  • Handling unaccompanied baggage
  • Controlling the embarkation of persons and their effects
  • Ensuring that security communication is readily available between the ship and port facility

Two IMO publications on the ISPS code available from Amazon

 

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The International Ship Security Certificate- A handy guide

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This series of posts has to take a round turn now, to go back and explore an important certificate by-passed earlier on.  

The ISSC- Improving security

Why is it required?

  • The International code for the Security of Ships and of port facilities (ISPS code).
  • SOLAS chapter XI-2

Click here for the IMO ISPS web page>

What is contained on the Certificate?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • Port of registry
  • Type of ship
  • Gross tonnage
  • Date of initial / renewal verification on which this certificate is basedISPS Cert format

What does it Certify?

  • That the security system and any associated security equipment of the ship has been verified in accordance with section 19.1 of part A of the ISPS Code
  • That the verification showed that the security system and any associated security
    equipment of the ship is in all respects satisfactory and that the ship complies with the applicable requirements of chapter XI-2 of SOLAS and part A of the ISPS Code
  • That the ship is provided with an approved Ship Security Plan

What are the survey requirements?

The certificate is subject to Verifications rather than surveys. These verifications are to ensure that the security system and any associated security equipment of the ship fully complies with the applicable requirements of the Code, is in satisfactory condition and fit for the service for which the ship is intended.

Verification types

Initial verification before the ship is put in service or before the certificate
is issued for the first time.

Renewal verification at intervals specified by the Administration, but not
exceeding five years.

At least one intermediate verification. If only one intermediate verification is
carried out it shall take place between the second and third anniversary date of the
certificate

A Definition

“Ship security plan means a plan developed to ensure the application of measures
on board the ship designed to protect persons on board, cargo, cargo transport
units, ship’s stores or the ship from the risks of a security incident.” ISPS code

Which vessels require an International Ship Security Certificate?

The following types of ships engaged on international voyages:

  • Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft
  • Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 500 gross tonnage and upwards
  • Mobile offshore drilling units;

Note the code also applies to port facilities serving such ships engaged on international voyages. Flag states and regional areas may extend this list to include additional types of vessels.

When does the Certificate become invalid?

  • If the relevant verifications are not completed within the specified periods
  • When a Company assumes the responsibility for the operation of a ship not previously operated by that Company
  • When the vessel is transferred to the flag of another State

Other associated Certificates

Interim International Ship Security Certificate

This is a temporary certificate issued for a period of no more than 6 months that allows a vessel to sail without its full International Ship Security Certificate.

When is it issued?

  • When a ship is without a certificate, on delivery or before its entry or re-entry into service
  • When a ship is transferring flags between Governments
  • When a a ship changes ownership

What must be verified before an Interim Certificate can be issued?

  • That the ship security assessment has been completed
  • That a  copy of the ship security plan meeting the requirements of the Code is provided on board, has been submitted for review and approval, and is being implemented on the ship
  • That he ship is provided with a ship security alert system if required,
  • That the company security officer has ensured:
    • The review of the ship security plan for compliance with the
      the Code
    • That the plan has been submitted for approval
    • That the plan is being implemented on the ship
    • That they have established the necessary arrangements, including
      drills, exercises and internal audits, through which the company security
      officer is satisfied that the ship will successfully complete the required
      verification within 6 months
    • Arrangements have been made for carrying out the required verifications
    • The master, the ship’s security officer and other personnel with security duties are familiar with their duties and responsibilities and within the ship security plan placed on board
    • These personnel  have been provided such information in the working language of the ship’s personnel or languages understood by them
  • The ship security officer meets the requirements of this Part of the Code

Declaration of Security

This is declaration completed by the vessel and a port for a specific period stating the security requirements and allocation of responsibilities. Such declarations are required only in certain circumstances, its detail will be covered in a later post.

Sources of Information

This Handy Revision guide has just been published for Kindle. The first in a new series of revision aids covering the topic of ship certification.

 

Click here to see on Amazon>

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The Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate

wpid-wp-1438103199200.jpegA handy guide to the Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate-Carrying pilgrims safely

What is a special trade passenger ship?

It is a ship carrying large numbers of unberthed passengers in special trades such as the pilgrim trade in a restricted sea area around the Indian Ocean.

(6) “ Special trade ” means the conveyance of large numbers of special trade passengers by sea on international voyages within the area specified below (as illustrated in the chart in Appendix I to these Rules):….Special Trade Passenger ship Rules

CertsSpecialTradeMap

Why is a Special Trade Certificate required?

It is required under SOLAS Chapter III regulation 2 Exemptions

2 In the case of passenger ships which are employed in special trades for the carriage of large numbers of special trade passengers, such as the pilgrim trade, the Administration, if satisfied that it is impracticable to enforce compliance with the requirements of this chapter, may exempt such ships from those requirements, provided that such ships comply fully with the provisions of:

.1 the rules annexed to the Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971; and

.2 the rules annexed to the Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973.

What is a Special Trade Passenger?

“‘Special trade passenger‘ means a passenger carried in special trades in spaces on the weather deck, upper deck and/or between decks which accommodate more than eight passengers. Special Trade Passenger Ships Rules, 1971

Does the Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate replace the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate?

No, a Special Trade Passenger Ship Safety Certificate shall, be issued in addition to the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

Is shall be issued after inspection and survey to a special trade passenger ship which complies with the applicable requirements of these Rules.

How long does the Certificate last?

This Certificate shall be issued for a period of not more than twelve months.

What information is shown on the certificate?CertSpecialTradeCert

  • Ship particulars
    • Name
    • Distinctive numbers or letters
    • Port of Registry
    • Gross tonnage
  • Particulars of voyages
  • Date on which keel was laid
  • Subdivision loadlines
    • D1-D3 Freeboards
    • These apply when defined alternative spaces are use to carry passengers
  • Life saving  appliances carried for specified number of passengers
    • Lifeboats
    • Liferafts
    • Buoyant apparatus
    • Lifebuoys
    • Lifejackets
  • A Table of space available for accommodation of special trade passengers
  • Location of spaces
  • Number of passengers for less than 24 hours, 24 hours and over but less than 72 hours, 72 hours over (Existing ships 24 to 48 hours in seasons of fair weather)

Click here for the Special Passenger Trade Space Protocol> 

Important: This blog is written as an aid to revision, and represents my own wanders through maritime legislation.  For definitive information please refer to source documentation.   Throughout this blog I will provide links to those sources when available.


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Document of compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods

WharfsDocument of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form

Why is it required?

SOLAS II-2 Regulation 19  – Carriage of Dangerous Goods

Click here for the IMO page on dangerous goods>

4 Document of compliance

“The Administration shall provide the ship with an appropriate document as evidence of compliance of construction and equipment with the requirements of this regulation. Certification for dangerous goods, except solid dangerous goods in bulk, is not required for those cargoes specified as class 6.2 and 7 and dangerous goods in limited quantities and excepted quantities.”

What ships require the document?

  • Passenger ships constructed on or after 1 September 1984
  • All other ships of 500 tons or over constructed on or after 1 September 1984
  • All other ships of under 500 tons constructed on or after 1 February 1992

Which are intended, or which have cargo spaces which are intended for the carriage of dangerous goods on international voyages.

How long is it valid?

Cargo ship: Not more than 5 years and should not be extended beyond the expiry date of the valid Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate.

Passenger ship: One year and should not be extended beyond the expiry date of the valid Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.

What surveys are required?

Surveys required on cargo ships:

  • An Initial Survey
  • An Annual Survey, in conjunction with SEC or SCV survey,
  • A Renewal Survey

Passenger ships:

  • An Initial Survey
  • A Renewal Survey, in conjunction with the passanger ship survey

See the UK  Instruction to surveyors MSIS 23 chapter 9

What information is contained on the Document of Compliance for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods in Packaged or Dry Bulk Form?

  • Name of ship
  • Distinctive number or letters:
  • Port of registry
  • Ship type
  • IMO Number (if applicable)
  • Schedule 1: A table of the dangerous goods approved for carriage and their stowage locations
  • Schedule 2 A of list the special requirements for this ship to carry dangerous goods

Click here for IMO MSC.1/Circ.1266 Carriage of dangerous goods>

imdg-code-coverWhat does the Document of Compliance Certify?

  • That the construction and equipment have been found to comply with the provisions of regulation II-2/19 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended.
  • That the ship is suitable for the carriage of those classes of dangerous goods as specified in the appendix subject that any provisions in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code and the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes Code for individual substances, materials or articles area also being complied with.

What are Dangerous goods?

 Dangerous goods are those substances and articles, carried as cargo, which are listed or classified in the latest edition of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.

Which dangerous goods do not require a document of compliance?

Classe 6.2 Infectious substances

Class 7 Radioactive substancesimdg-7

 

Carriage of dangerous goods in Limited Quantities.

What are limited quantities?

Limited Quantities are small amounts of some dangerous goods that can be carried on a vessel not holding a Document of compliance. In Section 18 of the General Introduction to the IMDG states on limited quantities:

“The applicable quantity limit for the inner packaging or article is specified for each substance in column 7a of the dangerous Goods list of chapter 3.2. In addition, the quantity “0” has been indicated in the column for each entry not permitted to be transported in accordance with this chapter”

Therefore, in order to determine is a small quantity of dangerous goods can be carried without at Document of Compliance the IMDG code must be referrred to.


 Schedule 1

This schedule contains simple layout diagram of a ship and a table. The table has along its vertical axis numbers corresponding to the holds and cargo spaces on the  layout, and the dangerous goods classifications down the vertical.

imdgdoccompsced1

Schedule 1 from UK MGN 36- Click here to view>

The boxes of the table are filled in with letter codes that signify what goods are permitted in those spaces.

P = Packaged Goods Permitted

A = Packaged & Bulk Permitted

X = Not Permitted

 

 

 


Schedule 2

This states what is required  requirements specified below are necessary for compliance with National and International Regulations. For example the UK schedule 2 in MGN 36 lists:

  • Immediate availability of water
  • Quantity of water
  • Water spray system
  • Cargo space flooding
  • Electrical arrangements
  • Fire detection system
  • Power ventilation
  • Bilge pumping
  • Protective clothing
  • Fans
  • Breathing apparatus
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Insulation

The next post in this series will pause briefly to look at the IMDG code.  


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Voyage data recorder systems-Certificate of Compliance

wpid-wp-1442585512060.jpegVDR Certificate of Compliance

A Handy Revision Guide

Another equipment related certificate, this time to the maritime equivalent to an aircraft’s ‘Black box’. 

Why is the Certificate of Compliance required?

SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 18

“The voyage data recorder system, including all sensors, shall be subjected to an annual performance test. The test shall be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to verify the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data. In addition, tests and inspections shall be conducted to determine the serviceability of all protective enclosures and devices fitted to aid location. A copy of the certificate of compliance issued by the testing facility, stating the date of compliance and the applicable performance standards, shall be retained on board the ship.”

Click here for Chapter V on the UK MCA website>

Which ships are required to carry a VDR or S-DVR?

SOLAS Chapter V Safety of Navigation Regulation 20- Voyage Data Recordersvdrimo

Click here for the IMO website on VDRs>

VDR

  • Passenger ships
  • Ships, other than passenger ships, of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2002

S-VDR

Cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upward when engaged on international voyages, shall be fitted with a VDR which may be a simplified voyage data recorder

When must the performance test be carried out?

Annually within the following windows:

The maximum period between checks of the VDR is 15 months for Passenger vessels and 18 months for Cargo vessels.

What is contained on the certificate?vdrform

Reference  IMO MSC.1/Circ.1222

Ship’s Details

  • Ship’s Name
  • Flag
  • IMO Number
  • Date Keel laid
  • Gross Tonnage

Voyage Data Recorder Details

  • Manufacturer
  • Modelvdr2
  • System Serial Number
  • Software version number
  • Date Fitted

Inspection Details

  • Name person conducting testing
  • Company
  • Inspection Date
  • Inspection Location
    • Pre-existing Alarms
    • Power Supply Alarm Check
    • Reserve Power Source Check
    • Reserve Power Source shut down Check
    • Battery Expiry Dates
    • Acoustic Beacon Test
    • Physical Condition of Equipment Inspect Equipment and Record Condition
    • Interfaces: Operation and recording
    • Change or Repair of Sensors

Manufacturer’s Analysis

Observations and additional manufacturer’s requirements

What is a S-VDR?

A Simplified Voyage Data Recorder.This  is not required to store the same level of detailed data as a standard VDR, but nonetheless should maintain a store, in a secure and retrievable form, of information concerning the position, movement, physical status, command and control of a vessel over the period leading up to and following an incident

Items to be record on Voyage Data Recorder

Reference IMO Performance Standard (Res. A.861(20))

VDR

  • Date & time
  • Ship’s position
  • Speed (through water or over ground)
  • Heading
  • Bridge Audio
  • Comms audioimg_20160915_132855_hdr_kindlephoto-117081169.jpg
  • Radar data- post display selection
  •  Water depth
  •  Main alarms
  •  Rudder order & response
  • Engine order & response
  • Telegraphs, controls and thrusters
  •  Hull openings status
  •  Watertight & fire door status
  •  Acceleration & hull stresses- when fitted
  •  Wind speed & direction-when fitted

S-VDR

  • Date and time
  • Ship’s position m
  • Speed (Through the water or over the ground)
  •  Heading
  •  Bridge Audio
  • Communications audio  VHF communications
  • Radar data
  • AIS Data  AIS to be recorded if it is impossible to record radar data. If radar is recorded AIS may be recorded as an additional source of information

Some VDR links


GMDSS Users Handbook on Amazon

This book by Denise Bréhaut is is available in both paperback and Kindle editions, with a good discount for the electronic edition.  It has 4* reviews on Amazon , with some stating it is perfect accompaniment to the GMDSS qualifications. There have been some reviews claiming that the book is in need of an update, so have a look at the reviews, and judge which elements of the system you may have to top up your reading  with.  Click here to see the book on Amazon>

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LRIT- Conformance Test Report

wpid-wp-1438103199200.jpegLong-Range Identification and Tracking

A revision guide to the Conformance Test Report

Filling the certification gaps in these posts with another communications equipment related document.

What is LRIT?

Long-Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) system, a system that enables the global identification and tracking of ships using existing  GMDSS equipment on board (INMARSAT-C).

A ship’s LRIT equipment must transmit position reports at 6-hour intervals unless a more frequent interval is requested remotely by an LRIT Data Center.

 

Click here for the IMO webpage on LRIT>

Why is the report required?

It us required under SOLAS chapter V Regulation 19.

Click here for the UK MCA copy of chapter V>

Which ships are required to carry LRIT?

The following ships engaged on international voyages:

  • Passenger ships
  • Cargo ships of 300 gross tonnage and upwards
  • Mobile offshore drilling units

How often must a vessel have a LRIT Conformance Test?

The LRIT conformance test certificate has no expiry date as long as the equipment remains the same. A retest may be required when:

  • A vessel changes or upgrades the LRIT equipment
  • A vessel changes flags

Note: ships shall automatically transmit the following long-range identification and tracking information:

  • The identity of the ship
  • The position of the ship
  • The date and time of the position provided.

What information is contained on the Conformance Test Report?

Ref: MSC.1/Circ.1307

  • Name of ship
  • Port of Registry
  • Distinctive number or letters
  • IMO number
  • Maritime Mobile Service Identifier
  • Gross Tonnage
  • Sea areas in which the ship is certified to operate
  • Sea areas for which this report is valid
  • Application Service Provider conducting the test
  • Details of the shipborne equipment used to transmit LRIT information (e.g., maker model, serial number and shipborne equipment identifier)

What does the report certify?

  • That the equipment has been found to meet the requirement of the provision of regulations V/19-1.6 and V/19-1.7
  • Is of a type approved by the Administration and meets the required performance standards
  • Has undergone conformance testing in accordance with the procedures and provisions set out in MSC.1/Circ.1307, and has shown that it can operate within the tolerances of the acceptance criteria stated in the circular.

 

Where to find more information on LRIT

UK MCA MGN 441 Changes to MCA’s 2002 SOLAS V Publication, Arising out of Amendments to SOLAS Chapter V>.

 

 

USCG LRIT frequently asked questions>

 

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International Ballast Water Management Certificate- A handy guide

Controlling the spread of invasive species

Enters into force on 8 September 2017

aquariamcircleedited

“The spread of invasive species is now recognized as one of the greatest threats to the ecological and the economic well being of the planet.” IMO website

Bringing up the rear of this section on ship certification posts is the newest of the the documents. It has been a long time in development and ratification, but at last is now entering force in September of 2017.

Why is an International Ballast Water Management Certificate required?

It will be required under the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships‘ Ballast Water and Sediments.

Two suggested links:

Two definitions from the Convention:

Ballast Water “ means water with its suspended matter taken on board a ship to control trim, list, draught, stability or stresses of the ship.

Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens “ means aquatic organisms or pathogens which,  if introduced into the sea including estuaries, or into fresh water courses, may create hazards to the environment, human health, property or resources, impair biological diversity or interfere with other legitimate uses of such areas.

Which ships require the certificate

Ships of 400 gross tonnage and above.

What information is contained on an International Ballast Water Management Certificate?

  • Particulars of ship
    • Name of ship
    • Distinctive number or letters
    • Port of registry
    • Gross Tonnage
    • IMO number
    • Date of Construction
  • Ballast information
    • Ballast Water Capacity (in cubic metres)
    • Details of Ballast Water Management Method(s) Used
    • Method of Ballast Water Management used
    • Date installed (if applicable)
    • Name of manufacturer (if applicable)
    • The principal Ballast Water Management method(s) employed on this ship is/are:
      • In accordance with regulation D-1
      • In accordance with regulation D-2
      • The ship is subject to regulation D-4
  • Validity
  • Certificate is validity
  • Survey dates
  • Issued

What Surveys are required?

Reference Regulation E-1 Surveys

Ships of 400 gross tonnage and above to which this Convention applies, excluding floating platforms, FSUs and FPSOs:

An initial survey before the ship is put in service or before the Certificate is issued for the first time.

An intermediate survey within three months before or after the second Anniversary date or within three months before or after the third Anniversary date of the Certificate

An annual survey within three months before or after each Anniversary date

An additional survey either general or partial,after a change, replacement, or significant repair of the structure, equipment, systems, fittings, arrangements and material necessary to achieve full compliance with this Convention

What inspections may be carried out?

  • In a port or offshore terminal of another inspections to determine whether the ship is in compliance with this Convention. This inspection will normally be limited to:
  • Verifying that there is onboard a valid Certificate
  • Inspection of the Ballast Water record book
  • A sampling of the ship‘s Ballast Water. However, the time required to analyse the samples shall not be used as a basis for unduly delaying the operation, movement or departure of the ship.

What ballast water standards must be met?

After 8th September ships must comply with one of the following. D1 can only be used up to the renewal of the IOPP certificate. See IMO  Resolution  A1.088(28) for more information.

Regulation D-1 Ballast Water Exchange Standard
This requires Ballast Water exchange  with an efficiency of at least 95 percent volumetric exchange of Ballast Water. For ships exchanging Ballast Water by the pumping-through method, pumping through three times the volume of each Ballast Water tank shall be considered to meet the standard

Regulation D-2 Ballast Water Performance Standard

This sets standards according to the number of  viable organisms per cubic metre.  The standard also states what microbes must be included in the test as indicators.

 

Regulation D-4 fives a five year exemption to Prototype Ballast Water Treatment Technologies.

What documents must be carried with the certificate?

 

Each ship shall have on board and implement a Ballast Water Management plan. Such a plan shall be approved by the Administration

Each ship shall have on board a Ballast Water record book that may be an electronic record system, or that may be integrated into another record book or system.

 

Some useful Ballast water links


Click here for information on the Really Handy Books revision aids for mariners>

 

 

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Engine International air pollution prevention Certificate-A Handy Guide

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The EIAPP- Certifying the engines

The last two posts in this series covered certificates that are concerned with reducing air pollution from a ship, this post delves deeper into the subject by considering reducing pollution from individual diesel engines.

What is the EIAPP Certificate?

It is the Engine International air pollution prevention Certificate. It is a certificate issued for a marine diesel engine. The EIAPP Certificate shall accompany the engine throughout its life and shall be available on board the ship at all times.

Why is an EIAPP required?

It is required by Technical Code on Control of Emission of Nitrogen Oxides from Marine Diesel Engines made mandatory by Annex VI of MARPOL.

Which engines require an EIAPP?

  • Eac
  • h marine diesel engine with a power output of more than 130 kW installed on a ship
  • Each marine diesel engine with a power output of more than 130 kW which undergoes a major conversion on or after 1 January 2000 except when demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Administration that such engine is an identical replacement to the engine which it is replacing.

The following engines do not require an EIAPP

  • A diesel engine intended to be used solely for emergencies, or solely to power any device or equipment intended to be used solely for emergencies on the ship on which it is installed
  • A marine diesel engine installed in lifeboats intended to be used solely for emergencies
  • A marine diesel engine installed on a ship solely engaged in voyages within waters subject to the sovereignty or jurisdiction of the State the flag of which the ship is entitled to fly, provided that such engine is subject to an alternative NOx control measure established by the Administration

What does the EIAPP certify?

That a marine diesel engine has been surveyed for pre-certification in accordance with the requirements of the revised Technical Code on Control of Emission of Nitrogen Oxides.

That the pre-certification survey shows that the engine, its components, adjustable features, and Technical File, prior to the engine’s installation and/or service on board a ship, fully comply with the applicable regulation 13 of Annex VI of MARPOL.

How long is an EIAPP valid?

For the life of the engine subject to surveys in accordance with regulation 5 of Annex VI of the Convention.

What information is contained on the EIAPP Certificate?

The certificate contains a table with the following headings

  • Engine
  • Manufacturer
  • Model number
  • Serial number
  • Test cycle(s)
  • Rated power (kW) and speed (RPM)
  • Engine approval number

What document must be attached to the EIAPP?

The Supplement to engine international air pollution prevention certificate.

The Supplement to engine international air pollution prevention certificate 

This documents full name is the ‘Record of construction, technical file and means of verification supplement to the engine international air pollution prevention certificate (EIAPP Certificate)’.

The Record and its attachments shall be permanently attached to the EIAPP Certificate.

What Sections does the record contain?

  • Particulars of the technical file
  • Particulars of the engine
  • Specifications for the on-board NOx verification procedures for the engine parameter survey

What Particulars of the technical file are recorded?

  • Technical File identification/approval number
  • Technical File approval date

What Particulars of the engine are recorded?

  • Name and address of manufacturer
  • Place of engine build
  • Date of engine build
  • Place of pre-certification survey
  • Date of pre-certification survey
  • Engine type and model number
  • Engine serial number
  • If applicable, engine group details.
  • Approval reference
  • Rated power (kW) and rated speed (rpm) values or ranges
  • Test cycle(s)
  • Parent Engine(s) test fuel oil specification
  • Applicable NOx emission limit (g/kWh
  • Parent Engine(s) emission value (g/kWh)

What Specifications for the on-board NOx verification procedures for the engine parameter survey are contained?

  • Engine Parameter Check method:
    • Identification/approval number
    • Approval date
  • Direct Measurement and Monitoring method:
    • Identification/approval number
    • Approval date

What additional document must always accompany an engine?

The Technical File as required by chapter 2 of the NO x Technical Code, must always accompany an engine throughout its life and always be available on board a ship. It forms an integral part of the EAIPP certification.

With this EIAPP post the subject of air pollution certification is completed, to clarify the variety of certification involved here is the three key pieces of documentation required to proved compliance with MARPOL Annex VI

For the Really Handy Range of Revision Books-Click here>

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